Examining Race and Gender Disparities in Restrictive Housing Placements, in a large U.S. State, 2010-2014
Contributors: Tasca, Melinda, Turanovic, Jillian J.
... These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. The data were obtained from one state prison system that was characterized by a diverse and rising prison population. This prison system housed more than 30,000 inmates across 15 institutions (14 men's facilities; 1 women's facility). The data contain information on inmates' placements into different housing units across all 15 state prison complexes, including designated maximum security, restrictive housing units. Inmates placed in restrictive housing were in lockdown the majority of the day, had limited work opportunities, and were closely monitored. These inmates were also escorted in full restraints within the institution. They experienced little recreational time, visitation and phone privileges, and few interactions with other inmates. The data contain information on inmates' housing placements, institutional misconduct, risk factors, demographic characteristics, criminal history, and offense information. These data provide information on every housing placement for each inmate, including the time spent in each placement, and the reasons documented by correctional staff for placing inmates in each housing unit. Demographic information includes inmate sex, race/ethnicity, and age. The collection contains 1 Stata data file "Inmate-Housing-Placements-Data.dta" with 16 variables and 124,942 cases.
Person or Place? A Contextual, Event-History Analysis of Homicide Victimization Risk, United States, 2004-2012
Contributors: Berthelot, Emily
... These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. The purpose of this research was to examine the influence of neighborhood social disorganization on the risk of homicide victimization, with focus on how community effects changed once individual-level characteristics were considered. This research integrated concepts from social disorganization theory, a neighborhood theory of criminal behavior, with concepts from lifestyle theory and individual theory of criminal behavior, by having examined the effects of both neighborhood-level predictors of disadvantage and individual attributes which may compel that person to behave in certain ways. The data for this secondary analysis project are from the 2004-2012 National Center for Health Statistics' (NCHS) National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) linked National Death Index-Multiple Causes of Death (MDC) data, which provided individual-level data on homicide mortality. Neighborhood-level (block group) characteristics of disadvantage that existed within each respondent's place of residence from the 2005-2009 and 2008-2012 American Community Surveys were integrated using restricted geographic identifiers from the NHIS. As a syntax-only study, data included as part of this collection includes 38 SAS Program (syntax) files that were used by the researcher in analyses of external restricted-use data. The data are not included because they are restricted archival data from the NHIS from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention combined with publicly available American Community Survey (ACS) block group level data.
Contributors: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
... The Measures of Effective Teaching Project (MET) The MET project is based on two premises: First, a teacher's evaluation should depend to a significant extent on his/her students' achievement gains; second, any additional components of the evaluation (e.g., classroom observations) should be valid predictors of student achievement gain. Student achievement was measured in two ways -- through existing state assessments, designed to assess student progress on the state curriculum for accountability purposes, and supplemental assessments, designed to assess higher-order conceptual understanding. The supplemental assessments used were Stanford 9 Open-Ended Reading Assessment in grades 4 through 8, Balanced Assessment in Mathematics (BAM) in grades 4 through 8, and the ACT QualityCore series for Algebra I, English 9, and Biology. Panoramic digital video of classroom sessions were taken of participating teachers and students, teachers submitted commentary on their lessons (e.g., specifying the learning objective) and then trained raters scored the lesson based on classroom observation protocols using the following five observation protocols: Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS), developed by Robert Pianta, University of Virginia Framework for Teaching, developed by Charlotte Danielson Mathematical Quality of Instruction (MQI), developed by Heather Hill, Harvard University, and Deborah Loewenberg Ball, University of Michigan Protocol for Language Arts Teaching Observations (PLATO), developed by Pam Grossman, Stanford University Quality Science Teaching (QST) Instrument, developed by Raymond Pecheone, Stanford University A subset of the videos also are being scored using an observational protocol developed by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) and using the UTeach Observational Protocol (UTOP), developed by the UTeach Preparation Program. Close to 3,000 teacher volunteers from across the following six, predominantly urban, school districts participated in the MET project: Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools, Dallas Independent School District, Denver Public Schools, Hillsborough County Public Schools, Memphis City Schools, and the New York City Department of Education. Participants teach math and English language arts (ELA) in grades 4-8, Algebra I, grade 9 English, and high school biology. The Observation Score Calibration and Validation File The Observation Score Calibration and Validation file enables psychometric research on rater error. The MET Project may be the largest application of instruments designed to measure teacher effectiveness from classroom observations ever conducted. More than eight hundred raters were trained to score over fifteen thousand videos recorded by teachers in the MET Project. The result is a database of more than 2.4 million scored items from five observations instruments: Framework for Teaching (FFT) Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) Mathematical Quality of Instruction (MQI) Protocol for Language Arts Teaching Observations (PLATO) Quality of Science Teaching (QST) This data file has all scores assigned by raters, including scores used to evaluate raters during the scoring process. Each row in the file is the score assigned to a segment of a video by a rater under one of the five instruments evaluated by the MET Project. MET observation scores were assigned remotely using a web application supervised by ETS and Teachscape (exception of the UTOP instrument, which was managed by the National Math and Science Initiative [NMSI]) that displayed excerpts of videos and prompted raters for scores. Raters were trained on videos that had been "master scored" with "true" scores. At the beginning of every scoring session raters were assigned pre-scored "calibration" videos to assure that instruments were applied consistently. Even after they were approved for scoring, raters were occasionally given "validation" videos to be sure that their scores were consistent with expectations. Please see Gathering Feedback for Teaching: Combining High-Quality Observations with Student Surveys and Achievement Gains Research Paper on the MET Project Web site, as well as Section 6.3 "Classroom Videos and Video Scoring Processes" of the User Guide for complete details. The Observation Score Calibration and Validation file is provided for research on questions like the consistency of scoring across raters. For example, these data show how often raters failed validation tests and needed to be re-trained on each item used in the MET Project. Users who want to combine observation scores based on videos with other types of MET data should use the observation scores found in the Core [ICPSR 34414] or Basic [ICPSR 34346] data files. Also included in this release is a Scoring Design Memorandum from MET researchers at ETS and Teachscape written in 2011 to MET Project leadership which describes procedures for creating observation scores for MET videos.
Prostitution, Human Trafficking, and Victim Identification: Establishing an Evidence-Based Foundation for a Specialized Criminal Justice Response, New York City, 2015-2016
Contributors: Swaner, Rachel
... These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. This study examined life histories and experiences of individuals involved in the sex trade in New York City. Also interviewed were twenty-eight criminal justice policymakers, practitioners, and community representatives affiliated with New York City's Human Trafficking Intervention Courts (HTICs). The collection contains 1 SPSS data file (Final-Quantitative-Data-resubmission.sav (n=304; 218 variables)). Demographic variables include gender, age, race, ethnicity, education level, citizenship status, current housing, family size, sexual orientation, and respondent's place of birth.
Expanding Use of the Social Reactions Questionnaire among Diverse Women, Denver, Colorado, 2013-2016
Contributors: DePrince, Anne P.
... These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. The Social Reactions Questionnaire (SRQ) is a widely used instrument designed to measure perceptions of social reactions. Studies using the SRQ have generally asked women to report on social reactions from "other persons told about the assault," without specifying which persons. The purpose of this study was to test a modified version of the SRQ that asked women to report separately on social reactions from criminal justice personnel, community-based providers, and informal supports. The researchers sought to examine changes in social reactions longitudinally as well as the impact of social reactions on criminal justice engagement and post-traumatic distress among diverse women following a recent sexual assault. The study included testing hypotheses about the inter-relationships among social reactions, victim well-being (e.g., psychological distress), and criminal justice variables (e.g., victim engagement with prosecution). Addressing the dearth of longitudinal research on social reactions, this study examined causal links among variables. In particular, researchers tested hypotheses about changes in social reactions over time in relation to criminal justice cases and victims' post-traumatic reactions. The data included as part of this collection includes one SPSS data file (2_1-Data_Quantiative-Variables-Updated-20180611.sav) with 3,310 variables for 228 cases. Demographic variables included: respondent's age, race, ethnicity, country of origin, sexual orientation, marital status, education level, employment status, income source, economic level, religion, household characteristics, and group identity. The data also contain transcripts of qualitative interviews and one SPSS qualitative coding dataset (file7-2_4_Data_Open_ended_Codes_from_Transcripts.sav) with 19 variables and 225 cases, which are not included in this fast track release.
Contributors: United States. Bureau of the Census
... The American Samoa Summary File contains data on population and housing subjects compiled from questions on the 2010 American Samoa Census questionnaire. Population subjects include age, sex, children ever born, citizenship status, foreign-born status, disability status, educational attainment, ethnic origin or race, family type, grandparents as caregivers, group quarters population, health insurance coverage status, household type and relationship, employment status and subsistence activity, work experience, class of worker, industry, occupation, place of work, journey to work, travel time to work, language spoken at home and frequency of language usage, marital status, nativity, year of entry, place of birth, parents' place of birth, earnings, income, remittances sent abroad, poverty status, residence in 2009, reason for moving, school enrollment, vocational training, military dependents and veteran status. Housing subjects include air conditioning, battery-operated radio ownership, computer ownership, gross rent, internet service, kitchen facilities, cooking facilities, mortgage status, number of rooms, number of bedrooms, occupancy status, occupants per room, plumbing facilities, condominium fee, selected monthly owner costs, sewage disposal, water supply, source of water, telephone service available, tenure, type of building materials, units in structure, vacancy status, value of home, vehicles available, year householder moved into unit and year structure built. The data are organized in 405 tables, one variable per table cell, which are presented at up to 19 levels of observation, including American Samoa as a whole, districts (including two separate atolls), counties, villages, census tracts, block groups, blocks and 5-digit ZIP Code Tabulation Areas. Fifty tables are presented at the block level and higher, 250 at the block group level and higher and 105 at the census tract level and higher. Additionally, the tables are iterated for the urban and rural geographic components of districts/atolls and 21 geographic components of American Samoa as a whole: 15 urban components (total urban, urbanized areas, urban clusters, and urbanized areas and urban clusters of various population sizes) and 6 rural components (total rural, rural areas outside places, rural areas inside places and inside places of various population sizes). Due to problems in the initial version, the Census Bureau ultimately issued the tables as three data products. The first or main release comprises 32 data files with all the tables except PBG7 (Nativity by Citizen Status by Year of Entry), PBG9 (Year of Entry for the Foreign-born Population) and ten tables on selected monthly owner costs, the tables HBG72, HBG73, HBG74, HBG75, HBG76, HBG77, HBG78, HCT17, HCT18, and HCT19. The second, called the American Samoa Year of Entry Summary File, consists of two data files with the tables PBG7 and PBG9. The third is a document file with the ten tables on selected monthly owner costs. This data collection comprises a codebook and three ZIP archives. The first archive contains the 32 data files in the main release, the second the two Year of Entry data files and the third contains the document file with the ten selected monthly owner costs tables and additional technical documentation.
Changing Attitudes and Motivation in Parolees (CHAMPS) Pilot Study in Dallas, Denver, and Des Moines, 2015-2016
Contributors: Valentine, Erin Jacobs, Treskon, Louisa, Redcross, Cindy
... These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. This study examined the implementation of a pilot parole-based intervention, known as the Next Generation of Parole Supervision (NG). Drs. Caleb Lloyd and Ralph Serin developed the NG model with funding from the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), and the National Institute of Corrections developed the NG curriculum for parole officers to implement. The Bureau of Justice Assistance funded the implementation of NG in three study sites: Dallas, Texas; Denver, Colorado; and Des Moines, Iowa. This mixed-methods study focused on understanding how NG was implemented as it was piloted in the three sites, and assessed NG-trained parole officers' fidelity to the NG model. In order to better understand NG's implementation and the business as usual practices it was intended to replace, the study also included a second group of parole officers who were not trained in NG. The groups were not randomly assigned. Data collected for this study included interview data, parole officer questionnaires related to concepts of the NG curriculum, coaching logs providing measures of whether officers received coaching and its frequency, video recordings of parole supervision meetings, and parole caseload data. Demographic variables included as part of this collection are parole officers' age and sex, and site location. The data collection includes 3 SAS data files: Parole officer-level data (archive_raf170831_po): Includes 31 cases and 26 variables. Video-level data (archive_raf170831_video): Includes 241 cases and 15 variables. Questionnaire-level data (archive_raf180719_tests): Includes 50 cases and 8 variables.
LAPD's TEAMS II: The Impact of a Police Integrity Early Intervention System, Los Angeles, California, 2000-2015
Contributors: Swatt, Marc L., Uchida, Craig D., Solomon, Shellie E.
... These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. This research was an evaluation of the Los Angeles Police Department's (LAPD) Training Evaluation and Management System II (TEAMS II) Early Intervention System conducted by Justice and Security Strategies, Inc. TEAMS II was designed to identify officers at-risk for engaging in future problematic behavior. This system was mandated as part of the Consent Decree (Section II) that was formally entered into on June 15, 2001 between the U.S. Department of Justice and the LAPD. Justice and Security Strategies, Inc. research staff worked with the Information Technology Bureau to obtain and analyze TEAMS II data, conducted informal interviews with officers, sergeants, civilians, command staff, and technologists involved with TEAMS II, and worked with the TEAMS II contractors to examine and provide recommendations. The data collection includes 3 Stata data files. The concentration analysis dataset (TEAMS-Concentration-Analysis-FINAL-v2.dta) with 143 variables for 15,710 cases, the regression-discontinuity dataset (TEAMS-Regression-Discontinuity-FINAL.dta) with 98 variables for 297,779 cases, and the time series dataset (TEAMS-Time-Series-FINAL.dta) with 43 variables for 192 cases. Demographic variables included as part of this data collection include officer age, gender, ethnicity, education level, and total number of officers employed by demographics.
Effects of a Middle School Social-Emotional Learning Program on Bullying, Teen Dating Violence, Sexual Violence, and Substance Use in High School, Illinois, 2010-2016
Contributors: Espelage, Dorothy L. (Dorothy Lynn), Bub, Kristen L.
... These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. The purpose of this was to leverage an existing randomized controlled trial of The Second Step anti-bullying program, which was implemented when the sample of students was in middle school, by measuring related aggressive behaviors (e.g. bullying, cyberbullying, sexual violence) during the high school years. The objectives of this study were to determine treatment effects of the Second Step middle school program on reductions in youth aggression (including bullying), sexual violence, substance use, and teen dating violence when in high school, as well as to assess middle school belonging as a mediator of these treatment effects on targeted problem behaviors in high school. Demographic variables included as part of this collection are students' age, gender, race, and household characteristics. The collection contains 3 SPSS data files: analysis4_de-identified_2.sav (n=2143; 304 variables) RCT-WAVE-1-4-ITEMS_RECODED_de-identified_2.sav (n=4718; 741 variables) RCT---WAVE-5-7-ITEMS_RECODED_de-identified_2.sav (n=3064; 887 variables)
Contributors: Govia, Ishtar
... This study is the current arm of the Caribbean Migration Project, designed to generate a database of Jamaicans, returned residents and those with no international migration history, across the income classes and residential areas in Kingston and St. Andrew, Manchester and St. Ann. Jamaica was chosen as the inaugural country for investigation as a pilot for the processes involved in the data collection and fine-tuning the protocols to be extended to other Caribbean countries. The four parishes in Jamaica were purposively selected because of their proportion of returning residents in comparison with the country's other parishes. Respondents were thought to represent a sample of persons from a range of parishes in which there is a high proportion of returned residents (St. Andrew and Manchester) to others in which the majority of the population has no international migration history (St. Ann and Kingston). Demographic variables in this study include age, family size and structure, ethnicity, education, and travel and migration history.