Contributors: Carrasquero, Danielle, Bailkin, Jordana
... My research project explores the incarceration of Japanese Peruvians and Japanese Latin Americans during World War II. Further, my paper looks at the fact that these individuals were then excluded from the Civil Liberties Act of 1988. The overarching questions explored in my research are: What are the consequences of taking a civil and constitutional rights framework when considering what are actually human rights abuses? How is it that Japanese Peruvians were excluded from the Civil Liberties act, and what are the consequences of that fact?
Contributors: Crowley, Dutton, Urbanski,Charity and Bet-Shlimon, Arbella
... My paper looks at the Oslo Accords, the "peace process" between the Palestinians and Israel. However, I argue that Oslo was never a peace process, and this is largely because the United States was never the neutral arbiter it purported to be. The United States sees the conflict through the lens of Orientalism, which precludes their objectivity. I ground this position in original analysis of the memoirs of two policy planners in the Clinton administration, Dennis Ross and Martin Indyk. As I show, they solely criticized the Palestinians for resorting to violence and terrorism while ignoring the expansion of Israeli settlements in the occupied territory, which are designed to extend Israeli sovereignty and render the creation of a Palestinian state implausible. I review the history of the conflict to show that this policy is antithetical to the terms of peace, specifically UN Security Council Resolution 242, which Israel nominally supports.
Epidemic of Violations Abroad: Prosecutorial Control of Exculpatory Evidence and Plea Bargaining Rates.
Contributors: Fletcher, Alexandra, Thorpe, Rebecca
... Over the last few decades, plea bargaining rates have skyrocketed in the United States. Most efforts taken by states to halt the surge of plea bargaining have not addressed prosecutorial discretion in the court, and no literature has conducted an empirical study analyzing the impact of prosecutorial handling of exculpatory evidence. I hypothesize there will be lower rates of plea bargains in states that have adopted the American Bar Association's Model Rule 3.8 (g) and (h) addressing ethical handling of exculpatory evidence. To test this, I ran a bivariate and a multivariate analysis at the county-level of 17 states, 10 with the model rule and 7 without. The existence of Model Rule 3.8 (g) and (h) has a statistically significant effect on the rate of plea bargains and there is a substantially lower predicted rate of plea bargaining within model rule states.
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Contributors: Karcher, Kathryn, Lemieux, Scott
... Welfare policies in the United States reinforce sexism, racism, and classism, and thereby oppress women. When discussing alternative policies, scholars and political players should not just consider economic consequences. They should also emphasize the social consequences of potential policies, namely how effectively they would combat women’s oppression. In this paper I consider two proposed policies, federal jobs guarantees (FJG) and universal basic income (UBI). I use the framework established in Justice and the Politics of Difference by Iris Marion Young and her explanation of the five faces of oppression to evaluate how FJG and UBI may help or harm women. I also analyze recent public opinion polling and FJG and UBI pilot programs to determine the likelihood of the U.S. implementing similar policies. This paper answers the following questions: Which policy, FJG or UBI, would more effectively lessen women’s oppression? Which is more likely to be implemented? Should those concerned with women’s oppression favor UBI, FJG, or a combination of the two? My theoretical analysis shows that UBI would more effectively combat women’s oppression, but public opinion polling and international pilot programs suggest that FJG is more likely to be implemented. This presents a dilemma for advocates who wish to prioritize vulnerable groups’ needs while focusing on realistic goals. The social justice framework I adopt in this paper helps to resolve these conflicts. Using this framework, I conclude that UBI should remain a long-term goal in our transition to a more just society because it more effectively combats women’s oppression. Still, political advocates should take seriously other policies such as FJG which still account for women’s needs and reduce harm done to them. These conclusions contribute to ongoing debate over these policies and demonstrate how researchers and advocates can analyze policies within a social justice framework that prioritizes the needs of our most vulnerable populations.
Increased prevalence of human activity in the Arctic as a result of climate change, and the impacts on the Arctic ecosystem from resulting increases of introduced species
Contributors: Lawson, Delaney, Stern, Jenny
... Arctic sea ice levels have been steadily decreasing since the end of the 20th century, and there is no evidence of this trend disappearing in the coming years. As a result of this, shipping routes are opening up within Arctic seas, and ships have begun traversing through these waters with increasing consistency. These ships are bringing with them countless hull fouling organisms and ballast waters filled with invasive species. With increasingly temperate conditions in the Arctic, the ecosystem is becoming more and more susceptible to adverse effects of invasive species. This paper discusses specific invasive species in the Arctic, the impacts that these organisms may have on the carefully balanced Arctic ecosystem, and policies that may help combat the adverse effects of a steadily increasing prevalence of invasive species within the area.
"We Wear Our Boots Just Like the Men": Women's Roles in Pacific Northwest Mountains and Society, 1890-1939
Contributors: Abrams, Cleone, Findlay, John
... Women challenged traditional roles and expectations in both the mountains and politics of the 20th-century Pacific Northwest. Though women continued to struggle for equality and retained separate spheres from men, they argued that their unique perspectives as women earned them more equal standing. Comparing the participants of these two activities reveals parallel elements of women’s continuing struggle for equality. Specifically, they shared common identities - only a wealthy minority were able to participate. They also had unique values and self-perceptions as women, finding satisfaction and camaraderie in both front- and backcountry spheres; at the same time many did perpetuate social biases. Finally, these women developed strategies to confront a variety of perceptions held by men in a male-dominated society. Ultimately, by World War II, women had gained social capital in the front country but continued to fight for equal status in the mountains.
Contributors: Nguyen, Hannah, Abrams, Robert
... Seeking to understand how landscape’s dualities serve as the basis for its inherently natural cyclicity in Henry David Thoreau’s Cape Cod brings us to a clearer recognition of its odds with the American ideal of unidirectional progression. The natural landscape’s discontinuous cyclicity and its connection to human civilization’s cyclical theory of history lead us to a discussion of its conceptual clash with Manifest Destiny and American exceptionalism. Thomas Cole’s Course of Empire paintings show how the landscape’s natural cycle is linked to the rise and fall of human civilizations built atop it. This paper, through analysis of Thoreau and Cole’s works, will examine how the environmental landscape’s natural cycle is irrevocably linked to that of human civilization. In doing so, we enter a more detailed discussion of how natural cyclicity in the landscape serves as a source of American fear of disruption to their nation’s ongoing progress.
Reproduction, distribution, and feeding ecology of the Greenland shark (Sominosus microcephalus) in relation to climate change and human activities in the Arctic
Contributors: Stork, Kalina, Stern, Jenny
... My submission is a research paper on the ecological role of the species the Greenland shark (Sominosus microcephalus). Very few research studies have been conducted on this species, so this paper is a review on over 30 various studies that have been completed. This paper offers a comprehensive view on the Greenland shark's feeding ecology, distribution, and reproduction as well as a discussion on the potential effects climate change and increasing human activity in the Arctic could have on this species.
Contributors: Stromberg, Wells, Stern, Jenny
... A walrus diet typically consists of invertebrates that live on the seafloor, consumed in large quantities with the help of special morphological traits. In addition to the threats posed by diminishing sea ice in their Arctic habitat, global climate change is causing a major shift in the Pacific Arctic ecosystem and food web, reducing the food supply for the large mammals. A combination of distributional and dietary changes among Pacific walrus populations has helped them to survive so far, but the future of the species is uncertain as their ecosystem and environment continue to warm and change.
Contributors: Au, Wing Yun, Ghasedi, Sarah
... There’s a lot of reasons why one might decide to change their name—maybe it holds bad memories or there’s another name that holds more meaning. For a certain demographic, specifically East Asians who come to an English speaking country, the reasons begin to relate more to a connection with culture. This video explores the experiences of East Asian students who are at different relationships with their name. While some have openly adopted an English name, others have decided to continue with their ethnic name in a new country. A focus is placed on a name’s connection with family and ties with personal culture and identity. Catered to those who are experiencing the decision of whether or not to adopt an English name, the video helps present different perspectives to help with this decision.