Contributors: Teplin, Linda A.
... This study contains data from the fifth follow-up interview of the Northwestern Juvenile Project (NJP), a longitudinal assessment of alcohol, drug, or mental service treatment needs of juvenile detainees. The fifth follow-up occurred approximately 6 years after the baseline interview and focused on studying the development and persistence of psychiatric disorders, related predictive variables, patterns of drug use, and other risk behaviors. The project's aims included studying (1) development and persistence of alcohol, drug, and mental disorders and (2) pathways and patterns of risky behaviors. Changes in disorders over time were studied (including onset, remission, and recurrence), comorbidity, associated functional impairments, and the risk and protective factors related to these disorders and impairments. This study addressed patterns and sequences of the development of drug use and related variables, focusing on gender differences, racial/ethnic differences, the antecedents of these risky behaviors (risk and protective factors), and how these behaviors were interrelated. The original sample included 1829 randomly selected youth, 1172 males and 657 females, then 10 to 18 years old, enrolled in the study as they entered the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center from 1995 to 1998. Among the sample were 1005 African Americans, 524 Hispanics, and 296 non-Hispanic white respondents. Participants were tracked from the time they left detention. All participants were eligible for the fifth follow-up interview. Re-interviews were conducted regardless of where respondents were living when their follow-up interview was due: in the community, correctional settings, or by telephone if they lived farther than two hours from Chicago.
Contributors: Morenoff, Jeffrey D., Harding, David J.
... These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. The Michigan Study of Life After Prison examined the association between neighborhood context and outcomes related to employment and recidivism among the cohort of former prisoners released on parole from Michigan state prisons in one calendar year (2003), controlling for pre-incarceration neighborhood context, local labor market conditions, and a large set of individual characteristics. The primary goals of this study were to answer two questions: (1) "Are ex-offenders who are released to more disadvantaged neighborhoods (those with greater poverty, unemployment, residential turnover, etc.) more likely to recidivate?" (2) "Are ex-offenders who are released to more disadvantaged neighborhoods less likely to gain stable employment?" This research sought to supplement available literature on prisoner reentry and criminal desistance, which the researchers posit existing literature has largely ignored the role that neighborhoods play in shaping the recidivism and employment of returning prisoners. The 31 data files included as part of this collection are as follows: Cleaned Data Files: casenotearrestsreps1-4_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 4,932 Cases, 12 Variables casenotearrestsreps5-8_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 5,302 Cases, 13 Variables casenotearrestsrep9_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 2,321 Cases, 13 Variables casenoteemploymentreps1-4_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 4,871 Cases, 28 Variables casenoteemploymentreps5-8_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 4,754 Cases, 23 Variables casenoteemploymentrep9_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 2,610 Cases, 23 Variables cleanedcasenoteaddressesreps1-8_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 50,207 Cases, 72 Variables cleanedcasenoteaddressesrep9_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 10,309 Cases, 69 Variables preprisonaddress_all_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 5,183 Cases, 30 Variables preprisonaddress_all_rep9_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 1,017 Cases, 63 Variables postprisads_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 11,064 Cases, 41 Variables cleaned-demographics-population_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 11,064 Cases, 57 Variables simplecrimhistory.dta: 11,064 Cases, 4 Variables popSAhistory.dta: 11,064 Cases, 8 Variables deathdates_ICPSR-EDITED.dta: 308 Cases, 3 Variables popprisonenterdates.dta: 11,064 Cases, 7 Variables discharge dates.dta: 7,369 Cases, 5 Variables parole and release dates for pop.dta: 11,064 cases, 3 Variables mdoc_recidivism_measures.dta: 11,064 Cases, 6 Variables recidivism dates from transits.dta: 11,064 Cases, 8 Variables recidivism from bir.dta: 11,064 Cases, 3 Variables sample marker.dta: 3,689 Cases, 2 Variables samplereps.dta: 3,689 Cases, 2 Variables tta_rsid_rep.dta: 1,363 Cases, 2 Variables Contextual Data Files: Complete.data.file.dta: 2,757 Cases, 1,055 Variables countyemployment.dta: 10,956 Cases, 6 Variables places.dta: 5,004 Cases, 5 Variables TractDataInterpolated-long.dta: 57,036 Cases, 50 Variables TractDataInterpolated-wide.dta: 2,716 Cases, 1,009 Variables tractscales2000.dta: 2,716 Cases, 49 Variables urbanicity + density.dta: 2,716 Cases, 9 Variables Demographic variables included: gender, race, educational attainment, age, employment, and marital status.
An Innovative Response to an Intractable Problem: Using Village Public Safety Officers to Enhance the Criminal Justice Response to Violence Committed Against Alaska Native Women and American Indian Women in Alaska's Tribal Communities, 2008-2011
Contributors: Myrstol, Brad A.
... These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. This project set out to understand the specific contributions Alaska's village public safety officers (VPSOs) make to the criminal justice responses to violence committed against Alaska Native and American Indian women in Alaska's tribal communities. More specifically, the goal of this study was to empirically document and assess the impact Alaska's VPSO program has on the investigation and prosecution of those who commit acts of sexual and domestic violence against Alaska Native and American Indian women in Alaska's tribal communities. The data collected for this study were compiled from detailed case record reviews of a random sample of sexual assault, sexual abuse of a minor, and domestic violence incidents investigated by the Alaska State Troopers (AST) and closed between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2011. Data pertaining to case-level (e.g., year and month of incident report and case closure, time to report) and incident-level (e.g., assault location, weapon use, assaultive behaviors) characteristics were collected, as were demographic data describing suspects, victims, and witnesses/third parties. The study also collected data detailing suspect and victim alcohol/drug use and intoxication, injuries sustained by victims, victim resistance strategies and behaviors, and victim disclosures, among other measures. Additional charging and case resolution (referral, prosecution, conviction) data were also compiled. Finally, the study collected detailed data on the activities and roles played by VPSOs in investigations, as well as additional follow-up activities and services provided to victims. In total, 683 sexual assault (SA) and sexual abuse of a minor (SAM) and 982 domestic violence (DV) case records were coded and analyzed. The study collections includes 6 Stata (.dta) files. The zip file includes 2013-VW-CX-0001_DV_CASE.dta (n=982; 127 variables), 2013-VW-CX-0001_DV_CHARGE.dta (n=3711; 23 variables), 2013-VW-CX-0001_DV_INDIV.dta (n=3747; 105 variables), 2013-VW-CX-0001_SA_CASE.dta (n=683; 133 variables), 2013-VW-CX-0001_SA_CHARGE.dta (n=1060; 24 variables), 2013-VW-CX-0001_SA_INDIV.dta (n=3140; 112 variables).
Contributors: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
... In 1999, the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation started the Gates Millennium Scholars Program (GMS), a 20-year initiative which intends to expand access to higher education for high achieving, low-income minority students. In addition to its academic objectives, GMS also has the goal of creating future leaders in minority groups. The program is administered by the United Negro College Fund (UNCF). Awardees can receive the scholarship for up to 5 years as an undergraduate and 4 years as a graduate student. The scholarship is renewable through graduate school in math, science, engineering, library science, and education. To be eligible for GMS, students had to meet several qualifications. They must: (1) be of African American, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, or Pacific Islander background; (2) be full-time students entering college or university; (3) have a GPA of at least 3.3 on a 4.0 scale; (4) be eligible for Pell Grants; and (5) be leaders in community service, extracurricular, or other activities. These data include selected variables from administrative data as collected by UNCF. There are 5 major data sources from which these data were compiled, which include: United Negro College Fund (UNCF) Administrative Databases; National Student Clearing House (NSC); Higher Education Directory (HED); Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA); and Institutional Student Information Records (ISIRs). These data were collected to represent the aggregation of administrative data utilized throughout the GMS cohort-level data. The data was structured in a way to allow analysis and utility beyond the administrative data's original purpose. The initial release includes only records for GMS scholarship recipients and one higher education institution per person. Subsequent releases will include information for non-recipient finalists and the full spectrum of institutions attended.
Contributors: United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Child Care
... This administrative dataset provides descriptive information about the families and children served through the federal Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF). CCDF dollars are provided to states, territories, and tribes to provide assistance to low-income families receiving or in transition from temporary public assistance, to obtain quality child care so they can work, or depending on their state's policy, to attend training or receive education. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996 requires states and territories to collect information on all family units receiving assistance through the CCDF and to submit monthly case-level data to the Office of Child Care. States are permitted to report case-level data for the entire population, or a sample of the population, under approved sampling guidelines.The Summary Records file contains monthly state-level summary information including the number of families served. The Family Records file contains family-level data including single parent status of the head of household, monthly co-payment amount, date on which child care assistance began, reasons for care (e.g., employment, training/education, protective services, etc.), income used to determine eligibility, source of income, and the family size on which eligibility is based. The Child Records file contains child-level data including ethnicity, race, gender, and date of birth. The Setting Records file contains information about the type of child care setting, the total amount paid to the provider, and the total number of hours of care received by the child. The Pooling Factor file provides state-level data on the percentage of child care funds that is provided through the CCDF, the federal Head Start region the grantee (state) is in and is monitored by, and the state FIPS code for the grantee.
Contributors: Derous, Eva
... Studies on hiring discrimination typically consider one diversity dimension at a time. Building on a multiple categorization and cognitive matching perspective, this study investigated how applicants' gender intersects with other status characteristics (ethnicity) and cognitive job demands for a better understanding of gender discrimination in resumé screening. An experimental study among 214 Belgian HR-professionals showed that a Maghreb/Arab female applicant received lower job suitability ratings compared to equally qualified native/Belgian female and Maghreb/Arab male applicants when they applied for a high cognitive demanding job. No differences were found when they applied for a low cognitive demanding job. Study findings point to the complexity of gender discrimination in hiring (i.e., resumé screening) as double jeopardy of ethnic minority women (i.e., Maghreb/Arab) may also depend on the type of job (i.e., cognitive demanding or not) one is applying for. We conclude with a critical reflection on findings, future research opportunities and implications for practice, like anonymous resumé screening.
Contributors: United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics
... The National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP) compiles offender-level data on admissions and releases from state and federal prisons and post-confinement community supervision. The data are used to monitor the nation's correctional population and address specific policy questions related to recidivism, prisoner reentry, and trends in demographic characteristics of the incarcerated and community supervision populations. The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) has administered the NCRP since 1983. Abt Associates has served as the NCRP data collection agent since October 2010.
Contributors: Ryff, Carol, Almeida, David, Ayanian, John, Binkley, Neil, Carr, Deborah S., Coe, Christopher, Davidson, Richard, Grzywacz, Joseph, Karlamangla, Arun, Krueger, Robert
... In 1995-1996, the MacArthur Midlife Research Network carried out a national survey of over 7,000 Americans aged 25 to 74 [ ICPSR 2760]. The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of behavioral, psychological, and social factors in understanding age-related differences in physical and mental health. With support from the National Institute on Aging, an initial follow-up of the original Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) samples was conducted in 2004 (MIDUS 2). The daily stress and cognitive functioning projects were repeated at MIDUS 2; in addition the protocol was expanded to include biomarkers and neuroscience. In 2013 a third wave (MIDUS 3) of survey data was collected on longitudinal participants. Data collection for this follow-up wave largely repeated baseline assessments (e.g., phone interview and extensive self-administered questionnaire), with additional questions in selected areas (e.g., economic recession experiences, optimism and coping, stressful life events, and caregiving). A third wave of cognitive functioning data were also collected. These data include all known MIDUS decedents (N=1,382) as of November 2017.
Contributors: Styck, Kara M., Beaujean, A. Alexander, Watkins, Marley W.
... This dataset contains data from 296 students enrolled in two large suburban school districts in the Southwestern United States who were administered the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children--Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) twice as part of special education evaluations. Detailed information regarding the variables collected and data codes are located in the accompanying codebook.
Contributors: Trinitapoli, Jenny Ann, Yeatman, Sara
... Tsogolo la Thanzi (TLT) is a longitudinal study in Balaka, Malawi designed to examine how young people navigate reproduction in an AIDS epidemic. Tsogolo la Thanzi means "Healthy Futures" in Chichewa, Malawi's most widely spoken language. This data was collected to develop better understandings of the reproductive goals and behavior of young adults in Malawi -- the first cohort to never have experienced life without AIDS. To understand these patterns of family formation in a rapidly changing setting, TLT used the following approach: an intensive longitudinal design where respondents are interviewed every four months at TLT's centralized research center. Data collection began in May of 2009 and was completed in June of 2012. To assess changes on a longer time horizon, a follow-up survey we refer to as Tsogolo la Thanzi 2 (TLT-2) was fielded between June and August of 2016. This study contains data collected from the second wave of the multi-wave study. Each wave is comprised of three data files. The Women dataset (dataset 1) is a random sample of women aged 15-25 in 2009 (N=1,505 at wave 1), drawn from a census of the area. Likewise, the Random Men dataset (dataset 3) is a random-sample of men aged 15-25 in 2009 (N=574 at wave 1) drawn from a census of the area. The Male Partners dataset (dataset 2) contains survey data from sexual and romantic partners who were referred into the study by respondents in the women's file; this is a non-random sample of male partners, so analysts should be especially cautious with inferences. Topics covered across all waves include relationships, religion, HIV/AIDS, politics, family composition, mental health, sex and protection, pregnancy, marriage, sexually transmitted diseases, future expectations, school enrollment status, goods purchased/received, and diet. Modules specific to wave 2 include: two-year future expectations. Additionally, the child roster, household roster, and travel for interview sections begin at wave 2. Additional demographic variables in each dataset include age and education.