"Life continues": Patient, health care and community care workers perspectives on self-administered treatment for rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis in Khayelitsha, South Africa
Contributors: Mohr, E, Snyman, L, Mbakaz, Z, Caldwell, J, DeAzevedo, V, Kock, Y, Trivino Duran, L, Venables, E
... Self-administered treatment (SAT), a differentiated model of care for rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB), might address adherence challenges faced by patients and health care systems. This study explored patient, health-care worker (HCW) and community care worker (CCW) perspectives on a SAT pilot programme in South Africa, in which patients were given medication to take at home with the optional support of a CCW.
Population-level HIV incidence estimates using a combination of synthetic cohort and recency biomarker approaches in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Contributors: Grebe, E, Welte, A, Johnson, LF, van Cutsem, G, Puren, A, Ellman, T, Etard, JF, Huerga, H
... There is a notable absence of consensus on how to generate estimates of population-level incidence. Incidence is a considerably more sensitive indicator of epidemiological trends than prevalence, but is harder to estimate. We used a novel hybrid method to estimate HIV incidence by age and sex in a rural district of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
A cross-sectional assessment of diabetes self-management, education and support needs of Syrian refugee patients living with diabetes in Bekaa Valley Lebanon
Contributors: Elliott, JA, Das, D, Cavailler, P, Schneider, F, Shah, M, Ravaud, A, Lightowler, M, Boulle, P
... Patients with diabetes require knowledge and skills to self-manage their disease, a challenging aspect of treatment that is difficult to address in humanitarian settings. Due to the lack of literature and experience regarding diabetes self-management, education and support (DSMES) in refugee populations, Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) undertook a DSMES survey in a cohort of diabetes patients seen in their primary health care program in Lebanon.
A Multisectoral Emergency Response Approach to a Cholera Outbreak in Zambia: October 2017-February 2018
Contributors: Kapata, N, Sinyange, N, Mazaba, ML, Musonda, K, Hamoonga, R, Kapina, M, Zyambo, K, Malambo, W, Yard, E, Riggs, M
Contributors: Reuter, A, Furin, J
Contributors: Shaye, DA, Winters, R, Rabbels, J, Adentunji, AS, Magee, A, Vo, D
... Noma is a devastating and destructive disease of the face for which there is a dearth of information regarding surgical options. Herein, we describe the facial deformities and patient characteristics in a patient population affected by noma and the surgical approaches used in treatment.
Use of MUAC as the sole discharge criterion from community-based management of severe acute malnutrition in Burkina Faso.
Contributors: Isanaka, S, Hanson, KE, Frison, S, Andersen, CT, Cohuet, S, Grais, RF
... The use of mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) measurement to screen and determine eligibility for admission to therapeutic feeding programs has been established, but evidence and programmatic experience to inform guidance on the use of MUAC as a discharge criterion is limited. We present results from a large scale nutritional program using MUAC for admission and discharge and compare program outcomes and response to treatment when determining eligibility for discharge by proportional weight gain vs. discharge by MUAC. The study population included all children admitted to the Ministry of Health therapeutic feeding program supported by Médecins Sans Frontières in northern Burkina Faso from September 2007 to December 2011 (n = 50,841). Recovery was high overall using both discharge criteria, with low risks of death, non-response and transfer to inpatient care and high daily gains in weight, MUAC, WHZ and height. When discharge was made by MUAC only, recovery increased, while all adverse program outcomes and length of stay decreased, with increasing MUAC on admission. MUAC-based programming, where MUAC is integrated into program screening, admission, and discharge, is one of several new approaches that can be used to target resources to the most at-risk malnourished children and improve program efficiency and coherency. This analysis provides additional programmatic experience on the use of MUAC-based discharge criterion, but more work may be needed to inform optimal discharge thresholds across settings.
Contributors: Coldiron, Me, Touré, O, Frank, T, Bouygues, N, Grais, RF
... We report a pneumococcal meningitis outbreak in the Central African Republic (251 suspected cases; 60 confirmed by latex agglutination test) in 2016-2017. Case-fatality rates (10% for confirmed case-patients) were low. In areas where a recent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine campaign was conducted, a smaller proportion of cases was seen in youngest children.
Diabetes service evaluation (2014-2017) – main findings from Mweso, North Kivu, the Democratic Republic of Congo
Contributors: Jobanputra, Kiran, Ansbro, Eimhin, MSF OCA
... Diabetes service evaluation (2014-2017) – main findings in the insecure conflict-affected area of Mweso in North Kivu in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)