Official Crime Rates of Participants in Trials of the Nurse-Family Partnership, Denver, Elmira, New York, and Memphis, 1977-2005
Contributors: Olds, David L.
... These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. This study examined maternal and youth self-reports of arrests and convictions with official records of crime among participants in three randomized controlled trials of the Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) in Denver, Colorado, Elmira, New York, and Memphis, Tennessee. Official records were obtained from third-party sources as well as directly from New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services. The collection contains 10 SAS data files: dmom_all.sas7bdat (n=735; 3 variables) dmom_control.sas7bdat (n=247; 26 variables) echild_all.sas7bdat (n=374; 6 variables) echild_control.sas7bdat (n=173; 23 variables) emom_all.sas7bdat (n=399; 6 variables) file4-emom_control.sas7bdat (n=184; 18 variables) mchild_all.sas7bdat (n=708; 5 variables) file3-mchild_control.sas7bdat (n=482; 46 variables) mmom_all.sas7bdat (n=742; 5 variables) mmom_control.sas7bdat (n=514; 25 variables) Demographic variables include race, ethnicity, highest grade completed, household income, marital status, housing density, maternal age, maternal education, husband/boyfriend education, and head of household employment status.
Assessing the Role of School Discipline In Disproportionate Minority Contact With the Juvenile Justice System, Texas, 1999-2008
Contributors: Marchbanks, Miner, Blake, Jamilia J.
... These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. This project utilized data originally collected for the project Breaking Schools' Rules (Fabelo et al., 2011), a joint project of the Public Policy Research Institute at Texas A and M University and the Council of State Governments Justice Center on which the Principal Investigator, Miner Marchbanks was a lead data analyst and co-author. Research was conducted at the Education Research Centers of the University of Texas, Austin, and Texas A and M University utilizing individual-level data from the Public Education Information Management System (PEIMS), a data system of the Texas Education Agency (TEA), and CASEWORKER, a data management system of the Texas Probation Commission (now the Texas Juvenile Justice Department). The link between these records was conducted by TEA and is described in greater detail in Fabelo et al. Through secondary analyses of these data, researchers attempted to measure the institutional and individual mechanisms that disproportionately pull and push students of color into the "school-to-prison pipeline." The project explores the predictors of school discipline contact and the resulting consequences of encountering this discipline. The project then moves to an examination of the determinants of progressing through the various decision points in a juvenile justice case. Additionally, the project explores the relationship between school strictness and various educational and juvenile justice outcomes. The "school-to-prison pipeline" (Wald and Losen, 2003) describes an "increasingly punitive and isolating" path through the education system for African American and other at-risk students. The study collection includes 1 Stata (.do) syntax file (master_final.do) that was used by the researcher(s) in secondary analyses.
Contributors: Cohen, Deborah (Deborah Ann)
... The Evaluation of the Balance Calories Initiative collection includes datasets consisting of intercept interviews of adults and adolescents regarding their beverage consumption. This data was collected as part of an evaluation of the Balance Calories Initiative (BCI) campaign. The BCI is a campaign launched by the top three American beverage companies (Coca-Cola, Dr Pepper, and Pepsi) to help Americans reduce their consumption of sugar from beverages, especially through increasing interest in low- and no-calorie beverages. The BCI began in 2015, and was introduced to the Mississippi Delta region and Montgomery, Alabama in 2016. Researchers conducted point-of-purchase interviews in the South Delta and Montgomery communities to study the BCI campaign progress in predominantly low-income neighborhoods. Two non-BCI comparison communities matched by population and socio-demographic composition in the region, the North Delta of Mississippi and Birmingham, AL, were also included. Participants were recruited outside of retail food outlets, primarily grocery stores and big box stores, but also restaurants and convenience stores. Demographic information in this collection include sex, age, race, education level, employment status, marital status, and categorical income.
Contributors: United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
... The Annual Survey of Jails (ASJ) is the only data collection effort that provides an annual source of data on local jails and jail inmates. Data on the size of the jail population and selected inmate characteristics are obtained every five to six years from the Census of Jails. In each of the years between the complete censuses, a sample survey of jails is conducted to estimate baseline characteristics of the nation's jails and inmates housed in these jails. The 2016 Annual Survey of Jails is the 29th such survey in a series begun in 1982. The ASJ supplies data on characteristics of jails such as admissions and releases, growth in the number of jail facilities, changes in their rated capacities and level of occupancy, growth in the population supervised in the community, changes in methods of community supervision, and crowding issues. The ASJ also provides information on changes in the demographics of the jail population, supervision status of persons held, and a count of non-U.S. citizens in custody. The data presented in this study were collected in the Annual Survey of Jails, 2016. These data are used to track growth in the number of jails and the capacities nationally, changes in the demographics of the jail population and supervision status of persons held, the prevalence of crowding issues, and a count of non-U.S. citizens within the jail population. The data are intended for a variety of users, including Federal and State agencies, local officials in conjunction with jail administrators, researchers, planners, and the public. The reference date for the survey is December 31, 2016.
Contributors: European Commission
... The Eurobarometer series is a unique cross-national and cross-temporal survey program conducted on behalf of the European Commission. These surveys regularly monitor public opinion in the European Union (EU) member countries and consist of standard modules and special topic modules. The standard modules address attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as respondent and household demographics. The special topic modules address such topics as agriculture, education, natural environment and resources, public health, pubic safety and crime, and science and technology. Eurobarometer 88.3 covered standard trend questions on living conditions, important political issues, trust in institutions, democracy satisfaction, perception of and attitudes towards the European Union and European Unification, and also on their knowledge about the European Union. Respondents' opinions were collected regarding their level of political participation and general political attitudes. Respondents were also questioned about European Citizenship, citizen rights and identification. Additional questions were asked regarding the impact of the economic crisis on the job market, and about policy measures related to the financial and economic crisis. Respondents were also asked about policy priorities, such as the Europe 2020 strategy. Finally, respondents were asked about media use and political information on national and European matters. Demographic and other background information collected includes age, gender, nationality, marital status, occupation, age when stopped full-time education, household composition, ownership of a fixed or mobile telephone and other goods, difficulties in paying bills, level in society, and Internet use. In addition, country-specific data includes type and size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview (select countries).
Contributors: Tomlinson, Thomas, De Vries, Raymond G.
... The National Survey of the Public's Moral Concerns about Biobank Research was designed to explore the effect of "Non-Welfare Interests" (NWIs) on the public's willingness to donate to a biobank. NWIs refer to the moral, religious, or cultural concerns that potential donors may have with how their donated bio-specimens could be used. Respondents were presented with 7 NWI research scenarios and were then asked whether they would be willing to provide blanket (or broad) consent knowing such research might be conducted. The survey also asked about respondents' preferences for 5 biobank consent policies, ranging from blanket (or broad) consent to real-time specific (or study-by-study) consent. A variety of additional sociodemographic and attitudinal data were collected, including responses to the Research Attitudes Questionnaire (RAQ)--a measure of trust in medical research. Additional demographic information collected includes religion, political affiliation, age, education, race, gender, household composition, income, marital status, region, and employment status.
Contributors: Bresnahan, Timothy F., Raff, Daniel M. G.
... The United States Census Bureau has conducted surveys of manufacturing activity since 1810 with fluctuating frequency. Between 1919 and 1939 the Census of Manufactures (CM) was conducted biennially. This data collection consists of individual-plant data from the Census of Manufactures for 1929, 1931, 1933, and 1935, the only years in this span for which original returns are available. The records of the Sugar Refining Industry have been coded to produce an electronic dataset to provide the basis for microeconomic evidence for the study of the Great Depression. The dataset contains observations on sugar refining operations, plants (e.g. name, location, etc.), products made, operation and working hours, employment, wages and salaries, and operating costs.
The Great Smoky Mountains Study (GSMS): Alcohol, Cannabis, Depression Disorders, North Carolina, 1992-2003
Contributors: Costello, E. Jane
... The Great Smoky Mountain Study (GSMS) is a longitudinal epidemiological study of 1,420 children begun in 1992 in 11 rural counties in western North Carolina. Originally, the study had three aims: 1) to estimate the prevalence of common psychiatric disorders; 2) to study their development over time; and 3) to determine the level of mental health service use. The study expanded over time to include correlates and predictors of substance abuse and psychiatric problems. The study continued for over 20 years, with the original participants assessed up to 11 times from ages 9 to 30 (over 11,000 assessments total). This collection includes data from study modules related to alcohol, cannabis, and depressive disorders in addition to core data on participants. This core data includes demographic variables related to age, sex, socioeconomic status, and race.
Contributors: United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
... From 2011 to 2013, a total of 664 state and local law enforcement academies provided basic training to entry-level officer recruits in the United States. During this period, more than 135,000 recruits (45,000 per year) entered a basic training program, and 86 percent completed the program successfully. This completion rate was the same as was observed for the 57,000 recruits who entered training programs in 2005. This data collection describes basic training programs for new recruits based on their content, instructors, and teaching methods. It also describes the recruits' demographics, completion rates, and reasons for failure. The data describing recruits cover those entering basic training programs from 2011 to 2013. The data describing academies are based on 2013, the latest year referenced in the survey. Like prior BJS studies conducted in 2002 and 2006, the 2013 CLETA collected data from all state and local academies that provided basic law enforcement training. Academies that provided only in-service, corrections and detention, or other specialized training were excluded. Federal training academies were also excluded. Any on-the-job training received by recruits subsequent to their academy training is not covered.
Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data: County-Level Detailed Arrest and Offense Data, United States, 2016
Contributors: United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation
... This data collection contains county-level counts of arrests and offenses for Part I offenses (murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, auto theft, and arson) and counts of arrests for Part II offenses (forgery, fraud, embezzlement, vandalism, weapons violations, sex offenses, drug and alcohol abuse violations, gambling, vagrancy, curfew violations, and runaways).