91 results for qubit oscillator frequency
Data from: Input-dependent frequency modulation of cortical gamma oscillations shapes spatial synchronization and enables phase coding
Contributors: Lowet, Eric, Roberts, Mark, Hadjipapas, Avgis, Peter, Alina, van der Eerden, Jan, De Weerd, Peter
phase-oscillator model part 1...phase-oscillator model part 2...phase-oscillator model part 3...phase-oscillator model part 4...oscillation frequencies at nearby spatial locations. Similarly to cortical...oscillation phase codes, may resolve conflicting experimental observations...frequency with increasing input drive. The relates to the experimental...oscillators. The gamma phase-locking, the precise phase relation and the...oscillators, where input drive determines the intrinsic (natural) frequency...frequency of gamma oscillations varies with input drive (e.g. visual contrast ... Fine-scale temporal organization of cortical activity in the gamma range (~25–80Hz) may play a significant role in information processing, for example by neural grouping (‘binding’) and phase coding. Recent experimental studies have shown that the precise frequency of gamma oscillations varies with input drive (e.g. visual contrast) and that it can differ among nearby cortical locations. This has challenged theories assuming widespread gamma synchronization at a fixed common frequency. In the present study, we investigated which principles govern gamma synchronization in the presence of input-dependent frequency modulations and whether they are detrimental for meaningful input-dependent gamma-mediated temporal organization. To this aim, we constructed a biophysically realistic excitatory-inhibitory network able to express different oscillation frequencies at nearby spatial locations. Similarly to cortical networks, the model was topographically organized with spatially local connectivity and spatially-varying input drive. We analyzed gamma synchronization with respect to phase-locking, phase-relations and frequency differences, and quantified the stimulus-related information represented by gamma phase and frequency. By stepwise simplification of our models, we found that the gamma-mediated temporal organization could be reduced to basic synchronization principles of weakly coupled oscillators, where input drive determines the intrinsic (natural) frequency of oscillators. The gamma phase-locking, the precise phase relation and the emergent (measurable) frequencies were determined by two principal factors: the detuning (intrinsic frequency difference, i.e. local input difference) and the coupling strength. In addition to frequency coding, gamma phase contained complementary stimulus information. Crucially, the phase code reflected input differences, but not the absolute input level. This property of relative input-to-phase conversion, contrasting with latency codes or slower oscillation phase codes, may resolve conflicting experimental observations on gamma phase coding. Our modeling results offer clear testable experimental predictions. We conclude that input-dependency of gamma frequencies could be essential rather than detrimental for meaningful gamma-mediated temporal organization of cortical activity.
Contributors: Reyer, Steven
frequency of the NIST radio station WWV on 10 MHz, as performed in north...oscillator interface. I tuned the radio to 9999.00 kHz USB and listened ... Measurements of the carrier frequency of the NIST radio station WWV on 10 MHz, as performed in north suburban Milwaukee, Wisconsin, during the solar eclipse of August 21, 2017. Details are in the file "readme.pdf". Steven Reyer, WA9VNJ, approx. Lat/Long = 43.218, -87.951. WAV file start time = 1400 UTC. Antenna is a DX Engineering RF-PRO-1B aimed north-south, receiver is a Yaesu FT-857D locked to a Trimble Thunderbolt GPS via an XRef-FT oscillator interface. I tuned the radio to 9999.00 kHz USB and listened for the resulting nominal 1000 Hz tone, which was measured by Spectrum Lab software, doing 512k-point FFTs, overlapping 75%, resulting in a measurement every 12 seconds.
Contributors: Lowet, Eric, Roberts, Mark Jonathan, Peter, Alina, Gips, Bart, de Weerd, Peter
frequency modulations applies to gamma in V1, and is likely generalizable...frequency by increasing input current) and coupling on their phase dynamics...frequency difference. Crucially, the precise dynamics of frequencies and...frequencies. When similar enough, these frequencies continually attracted...oscillators influence each other’s phase relations. Hence, the fundamental...oscillators. With this code the effects of detuning and coupling are illustrated...oscillating neuronal populations to optimize information transmission ... Gamma-band synchronization coordinates brief periods of excitability in oscillating neuronal populations to optimize information transmission during sensation and cognition. Commonly, a stable, shared frequency over time is considered a condition for functional neural synchronization. Here, we demonstrate the opposite: instantaneous frequency modulations are critical to regulate phase relations and synchronization. In monkey visual area V1, nearby local populations driven by different visual stimulation showed different gamma frequencies. When similar enough, these frequencies continually attracted and repulsed each other, which enabled preferred phase relations to be maintained in periods of minimized frequency difference. Crucially, the precise dynamics of frequencies and phases across a wide range of stimulus conditions was predicted from a physics theory that describes how weakly coupled oscillators influence each other’s phase relations. Hence, the fundamental mathematical principle of synchronization through instantaneous frequency modulations applies to gamma in V1, and is likely generalizable to other brain regions and rhythms.
A better oscillation detection method robustly extracts EEG rhythms across brain state changes: The human alpha rhythm as a test case
oscillation detection across frequency, region and task. Here we show ...oscillations at the alpha frequency (9.5Hz) highlighted in red, using ...OSCillation detection) method. This method produces systematic, objective...Oscillations detected across all frequencies by the oscillatory episode...oscillations were detected at each frequency. (E) The raw signal from ...Oscillation...frequencies, brain regions and tasks. It does so by modeling the functional ... Oscillatory activity is a principal mode of operation in the brain. Despite an intense resurgence of interest in the mechanisms and functions of brain rhythms, methods for the detection and analysis of oscillatory activity in neurophysiological recordings are still highly variable across studies. We recently proposed a method for detecting oscillatory activity from time series data, which we call the BOSC (Better OSCillation detection) method. This method produces systematic, objective, and consistent results across frequencies, brain regions and tasks. It does so by modeling the functional form of the background spectrum by fitting the empirically observed spectrum at the recording site. This minimizes bias in oscillation detection across frequency, region and task. Here we show that the method is also robust to dramatic changes in state that are known to influence the shape of the power spectrum, namely, the presence versus absence of the alpha rhythm, and can be applied to independent components, which are thought to reflect underlying sources, in addition to individual raw signals. This suggests that the BOSC method is an effective tool for measuring changes in rhythmic activity in the more common research scenario wherein state is unknown.
Contributors: Lamy, Frank, Arz, Helge W, Bond, Gerard C, Bahr, André, Pätzold, Jürgen
Oscillation. Paleoceanography, 21(1), PA1008, doi:10.1029/2005PA001184...Oscillation/North Atlantic Oscillation (AO/NAO). These patterns suggest...frequency ... Abstract: Paleoenvironmental proxy data for ocean properties, eolian sediment input, and continental rainfall based on high-resolution analyses of sediment cores from the southwestern Black Sea and the northernmost Gulf of Aqaba were used to infer hydroclimatic changes in northern Anatolia and the northern Red Sea region during the last ~7500 years. Pronounced and coherent multicentennial variations in these records reveal patterns that strongly resemble modern temperature and rainfall anomalies related to the Arctic Oscillation/North Atlantic Oscillation (AO/NAO). These patterns suggest a prominent role of AO/NAO-like atmospheric variability during the Holocene beyond interannual to interdecadal timescales, most likely originating from solar output changes. Category: geoscientificInformation Source: Supplement to: Lamy, Frank; Arz, Helge W; Bond, Gerard C; Bahr, André; Pätzold, Jürgen (2006): Multicentennial-scale hydrological changes in the Black Sea and northern Red Sea during the Holocene and the Arctic/North Atlantic Oscillation. Paleoceanography, 21(1), PA1008, doi:10.1029/2005PA001184 Supplemental Information: Not Availble Coverage: EVENT LABEL: * LATITUDE: 29.501700 * LONGITUDE: 34.956700 * DATE/TIME: 1999-03-13T11:23:00 * ELEVATION: -464.0 m * Recovery: 3.43 m * LOCATION: Gulf of Aqaba * CAMPAIGN: M44/3 * BASIS: Meteor (1986) * DEVICE: Gravity corer (Kiel type) EVENT LABEL: (633) * LATITUDE: 41.535000 * LONGITUDE: 31.166667 * DATE/TIME: 2001-12-25T14:04:00 * ELEVATION: -1306.0 m * Recovery: 7.68 m * LOCATION: SW Black Sea * CAMPAIGN: M51/4 * BASIS: Meteor (1986) * DEVICE: Gravity corer (Kiel type) EVENT LABEL: (636) * LATITUDE: 41.445000 * LONGITUDE: 31.066667 * DATE/TIME: 2001-12-26T13:57:00 * ELEVATION: -1242.0 m * Recovery: 7.92 m * LOCATION: SW Black Sea * CAMPAIGN: M51/4 * BASIS: Meteor (1986) * DEVICE: Gravity corer (Kiel type)
Contributors: Corrège, Thierry, Delcroix, Thierry, Recy, Jacques, Beck, Warren, Cabioch, Guy, Le Cornec, Florence
decadal-frequency cooling events and a marked modulation of the seasonal...Oscillation (ENSO) frequency SST oscillations. However, several strong...frequencies, are observed in the paleorecord, which are unprecedented ...Oscillation (ENSO) Events in a Mid-Holocene massive coral. Paleoceanography ... Abstract: We present a 47-year-long record of sea surface temperature (SST) derived from Sr/Ca and U/Ca analysis of a massive Porites coral which grew at ~4150 calendar years before present (B.P.) in Vanuatu (southwest tropical Pacific Ocean). Mean SST is similar in both the modern instrumental record and paleorecord, and both exhibit El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) frequency SST oscillations. However, several strong decadal-frequency cooling events and a marked modulation of the seasonal SST cycle, with power at both ENSO and decadal frequencies, are observed in the paleorecord, which are unprecedented in the modern record. Category: geoscientificInformation Source: Supplement to: Corrège, Thierry; Delcroix, Thierry; Recy, Jacques; Beck, Warren; Cabioch, Guy; Le Cornec, Florence (2000): Evidence for stronger El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Events in a Mid-Holocene massive coral. Paleoceanography, 15(4), 465-470, doi:10.1029/1999PA000409 Supplemental Information: Not Availble Coverage: EVENT LABEL: * LATITUDE: -15.670000 * LONGITUDE: 167.000000 * ELEVATION: 4.7 m * DEVICE: Core drilling
Effective oscillator strength distributions of spherically symmetric atoms for calculating polarizabilities and long-range atom–atom interactions
frequencies. These polarizabilities can be used to determine the long-range...oscillator strength distribution...oscillator strength distributions. See explanation of tables....oscillator strengths, i.e. for each multipole (fe1(ℓ),ϵe1(ℓ),fe2(ℓ),ϵe2...oscillator strength distributions are systematically generated and tabulated...oscillator strength distributions for all atoms or ions. k is the order...oscillator strengths are fc(1), fc(2) and fc(3) respectively....oscillator strength....Oscillator strength sum- rule ... Effective oscillator strength distributions are systematically generated and tabulated for the alkali atoms, the alkaline-earth atoms, the alkaline-earth ions, the rare gases and some miscellaneous atoms. These effective distributions are used to compute the dipole, quadrupole and octupole static polarizabilities, and are then applied to the calculation of the dynamic polarizabilities at imaginary frequencies. These polarizabilities can be used to determine the long-range C6, C8 and C10 atom–atom interactions for the dimers formed from any of these atoms and ions, and we present tables covering all of these combinations.
Contributors: Alsop, Brian
oscillators. Methodology described in *. doc file upload ... K3KO 30.210666N,81.603833W Jacksonville FL. No .wav file. Antenna Vee pointed north.K3 rx. CHU 14.670 MHz and WWV 15 MHz measured. Rb locked reference oscillators. Methodology described in *. doc file upload
Contributors: Villegas, Mario J, Stotz, Wolfgang, Laudien, Jürgen
oscillating changes in the dominance of species; the abundance of the ...Frequency per individual...Frequency/ind...Oscillation...Frequency...Oscillation (ENSO). The biogenic surfaces of these crabs serve as substrate ... Abstract: Coastal zones of the Humboldt Current Upwelling System (HCUS) are composed both of rocky and sandy beaches inhabited by macrozoobenthic communities. These show oscillating changes in the dominance of species; the abundance of the sand crab Emerita analoga is linked to phases of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The biogenic surfaces of these crabs serve as substrate for opportunistic colonizers. This study is the first record of an epibiosis between E. analoga and the rock mussel Semimytilus algosus, detected at a southern Peruvian sandy beach. Mussels fouled a wide size-range of adult E. analoga (7.3%) but they themselves belonged to small-size classes. The largest S. algosus was 17.4 mm in length. Highest permanence of epibionts was found on larger sand crabs (maximum between 24 and 27 mm). Significantly more mussels were found on the ventral surface (39.4%) compared to 10 other surface areas of the sand crab. Possible benefits and disadvantages of the observed epibiosis for both the basibiont and the epibiont are discussed. Category: geoscientificInformation Source: Supplement to: Villegas, Mario J; Stotz, Wolfgang; Laudien, Jürgen (2005): First record of an epibiosis between the sand crab Emerita analoga (Stimpson, 1857) (Decapoda: Hippidae) and the mussel Semimytilus algosus (Gould, 1850) (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) in southern Peru. Helgoland Marine Research, 60(1), 25-31, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10152-005-0012-5 Supplemental Information: Not Availble Coverage: EVENT LABEL: * LATITUDE: -18.200000 * LONGITUDE: -70.583333 * DATE/TIME: 2003-05-17T00:00:00 * ELEVATION: 0.0 m * LOCATION: Boca del rio, border between Chile and Perú * DEVICE: Sampling by hand
Measurements of 14NH3 in the ν2=1 state by a solid-state, photomixing, THz spectrometer, and a simultaneous analysis of the microwave, terahertz, and infrared transitions between the ground and ν2 inversion–rotation levels
oscillator power amplifier), and subsequently, the amplified beams pump...THz-frequencies without requiring accurate knowledge of the absolute laser...frequency sweep was performed by stepping the microwave sweeper frequency...frequency of 2MHz, a burst frequency of 8kHz, and a lock-in time-constant...frequencies and pressure shifts (where significant enough to be observed...difference-frequency spectrometer. Using an innovative laser-frequency...frequencies and intensities for all possible transitions up to J=20 between...Frequency...frequencies into the SPFIT spectral analysis program....frequencies and their pressure-shift parameters...frequencies. The details of the spectrometer’s frequency calibration is ... In this paper, we report 30THz measurements of ammonia in its excited, ν2=1, inversion state. These measurements include transition frequencies and pressure shifts (where significant enough to be observed). Included in the data are two forbidden and three ro-inversion transitions, as well as 18 transitions never directly measured before. The measurements were made with an all-solid-state, diode-laser, difference-frequency spectrometer. Using an innovative laser-frequency locking scheme, this spectrometer provided accurately determined and continuously tuned THz-frequencies without requiring accurate knowledge of the absolute laser frequencies. The details of the spectrometer’s frequency calibration is discussed. A global analysis of NH3 based on the available ground state, ν2=1 state, and ν2-band transitions was carried out, and the resulting set of recommended molecular effective-Hamiltonian parameters for ammonia is presented. In addition, calculated center frequencies and intensities for all possible transitions up to J=20 between rotation, inversion, and vibration levels in the ground and ν2=1 states are included as supplementary material.