### 62747 results for qubit oscillator frequency

Contributors: Greenberg, Ya. S.

Date: 2003-03-04

**oscillations** in a phase **qubit**. The external source, typically in GHz range...**qubit** states, nevertheless the voltage across the tank **oscillates** with...**qubit** coupled to a dissipative tank circuit. The evolution of A exhibits...**qubit**). We explicitly account for the back action of a tank circuit and...**oscillations** with lower **frequency**. Deterministic case (a) together with...L...destroys the phase coherence between qubit states, nevertheless the voltage...**qubit** levels. The resulting Rabi **oscillations** of supercurrent in the **qubit**...speaking, consider qubit as having definite wave function. However, if...P...**qubit**. The external source, typically in GHz range, induces transitions...of qubit evolution as the coupling between the qubit and the tank is increased...loss-free qubit coupled to the dissipative tank circuit. The system is...loss-free **qubit** coupled to a loss-free tank circuit. Oscillations of A...**oscillates** with a high **frequency** which is about 10 GHz in our case. As...**qubit** loop. As is seen from the Fig. fig4a, A **oscillates** with Rabi **frequency**...case....**qubit** levels. The resulting Rabi oscillations of supercurrent in the **qubit**...**qubit**. Computer simulations...**oscillations** correspond to Rabi **frequency**....**oscillates** with gap **frequency**, while the **frequency** of A is almost ten ...**oscillates** also with Rabi **frequency** which is equal to 50 MHz in our case... to show the effect of qubit evolution as the coupling between the qubit... **qubit** coupled to a dissipative tank circuit Q T = 100 . The voltage across...**qubit** coupled to a loss-free tank circuit. **Oscillations** of A. Deterministic... A and B for **qubit** without dissipation....**qubit** without dissipation....**frequency**. Deterministic case (a) together with one realization (b) are...**oscillations** in MHz range can be detected using conventional NMR pulse...**oscillations** between quantum states in mesoscopic superconducting systems...**qubit**. Here we present the results of detailed computer simulations of ... Time-domain observations of coherent **oscillations** between quantum states in mesoscopic superconducting systems have so far been restricted to restoring the time-dependent probability distribution from the readout statistics. We propose a method for direct observation of Rabi **oscillations** in a phase **qubit**. The external source, typically in GHz range, induces transitions between the **qubit** levels. The resulting Rabi **oscillations** of supercurrent in the **qubit** loop are detected by a high quality resonant tank circuit, inductively coupled to the phase **qubit**. Here we present the results of detailed computer simulations of the interaction of a classical object (resonant tank circuit) with a quantum object (phase **qubit**). We explicitly account for the back action of a tank circuit and for the unpredictable nature of outcome of a single measurement. According to the results of our simulations the Rabi **oscillations** in MHz range can be detected using conventional NMR pulse Fourier technique.

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Contributors: Yoshihara, Fumiki, Nakamura, Yasunobu, Yan, Fei, Gustavsson, Simon, Bylander, Jonas, Oliver, William D., Tsai, Jaw-Shen

Date: 2014-02-06

**oscillation**, $1/f$ noise...parallel to the qubit’s energy eigenbasis; this component is not averaged...**oscillation** curves with different Rabi **frequencies** Ω R measured at different...** qubit’s** energy eigenbasis; this component is not averaged out when Ω R...

**frequency**δ ω (black open circles) and the Bloch–Siegert shift δ ω B S...

**qubit**'s level splitting of 4.8 GHz, a regime where the rotating-wave approximation...

**oscillations**due to quasistatic flux noise. “Optimal" in the last column...

**oscillation**measurements, a microwave pulse is applied to the

**qubit**followed...

**oscillation**decay at ε = 0 , where the quasistatic noise contribution ...

**qubit**noise spectroscopy using Rabi oscillations under strong driving ...

**qubit**and its strong inductive coupling to a microwave line enabled high-amplitude...

**frequency**of ω m w / 2 π = 6.1 GHz, has a minimum of approximately ω ...

**frequency**range decreases with increasing

**frequency**up to 300 MHz, where...

**frequencies**up to 1.7 GHz were achieved, approaching the

**qubit**'s level...

**frequency**Ω R 0 at the shifted resonance decreases as ε increases, while...

**frequency**, and cal: Γ R s t δ ω m w stands for the calculation to study...

**oscillations**under strong driving conditions. The large anharmonicity ...

**qubit**by studying the decay of Rabi oscillations under strong driving ...the qubit followed by a readout pulse, and P s w as a function of the ...to the qubit followed by a readout pulse, and P s w as a function of the... qubit by a mutual inductance of 1.2 pH and nominally cooled to 35 mK....high-

**frequency**flux noise spectrum in a superconducting flux

**qubit**by ...

**qubit**by a mutual inductance of 1.2 pH and nominally cooled to 35 mK. ... We infer the high-

**frequency**flux noise spectrum in a superconducting flux

**qubit**by studying the decay of Rabi

**oscillations**under strong driving conditions. The large anharmonicity of the

**qubit**and its strong inductive coupling to a microwave line enabled high-amplitude driving without causing significant additional decoherence. Rabi

**frequencies**up to 1.7 GHz were achieved, approaching the

**qubit**'s level splitting of 4.8 GHz, a regime where the rotating-wave approximation breaks down as a model for the driven dynamics. The spectral density of flux noise observed in the wide

**frequency**range decreases with increasing

**frequency**up to 300 MHz, where the spectral density is not very far from the extrapolation of the 1/f spectrum obtained from the free-induction-decay measurements. We discuss a possible origin of the flux noise due to surface electron spins.

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Contributors: Lisenfeld, Juergen, Mueller, Clemens, Cole, Jared H., Bushev, Pavel, Lukashenko, Alexander, Shnirman, Alexander, Ustinov, Alexey V.

Date: 2009-09-18

**frequencies**. Each trace was recorded after adjusting the **qubit** bias to...**frequency** while the **qubit** was kept detuned. A π pulse was applied to measure...**qubit**-fluctuator system...the **qubit** in the excited state, P t , vs. driving frequency; (b) Fourier-transform...phase **qubit** circuit. (b) Probability to measure the excited **qubit** state...**the** **qubit** was kept detuned. A π pulse was applied to measure **the** energy...**oscillations**
...**qubits** often show signatures of coherent coupling to microscopic two-level...**frequency** of 7.805 GHz (indicated by a dashed line)....**qubits**, Josephson junctions, two-level
fluctuators, microwave spectroscopy...**qubit** and fluctuator v ⊥ and to the microwave field Ω q and Ω f v ....**qubit** in the excited state, P t , vs. driving **frequency**; (b) Fourier-transform...**qubit** levels....**qubit** as and and those of the TLF as and . Arrows indicate the couplings...** qubit’s** Rabi

**frequency**Ω q / h is set to 48 MHz....

**qubit**, in which we induce Rabi oscillations by resonant microwave driving...

**oscillations**observed experimentally....

**frequency**, revealing the coupling to a two-level defect state having a...

**the**

**qubit**loop. The

**qubit**state is controlled by an externally applied...levels

**in**

**the**

**qubit**....

**qubit**, in which we induce Rabi

**oscillations**by resonant microwave driving...

**qubit**is tuned close to the resonance with an individual TLF and the Rabi...

**frequency**components.

**Frequency**and visibility of each component depend...

**qubit**relative to the TLF’s resonance

**frequency**, which is indicated in...

**qubit**transition. In this work, we studied

**the**

**qubit**interacting with ...

**qubit**above or below the fluctuator's level-splitting. Theoretical analysis...

**qubit**circuit. (b) Probability to measure the excited

**qubit**state (color-coded...

**qubit**-TLF coupling), interesting 4-level dynamics are observed. The experimental...

**frequency**of order of the

**qubit**-TLF coupling), interesting 4-level dynamics...in the

**qubit**. (As the anharmonicity Δ / h ∼ 100 MHz in our circuit is...

**the**phase

**qubit**circuit (

**the**

**qubit**subspace) and disregard

**the**longitudinal ... Superconducting

**qubits**often show signatures of coherent coupling to microscopic two-level fluctuators (TLFs), which manifest themselves as avoided level crossings in spectroscopic data. In this work we study a phase

**qubit**, in which we induce Rabi

**oscillations**by resonant microwave driving. When the

**qubit**is tuned close to the resonance with an individual TLF and the Rabi driving is strong enough (Rabi

**frequency**of order of the

**qubit**-TLF coupling), interesting 4-level dynamics are observed. The experimental data shows a clear asymmetry between biasing the

**qubit**above or below the fluctuator's level-splitting. Theoretical analysis indicates that this asymmetry is due to an effective coupling of the TLF to the external microwave field induced by the higher

**qubit**levels.

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Contributors: Wubs, Martijn, Kohler, Sigmund, Hanggi, Peter

Date: 2007-03-15

**the** **qubit** would be measured | ↑ . fig:photon_averages...**the** **qubit** would be measured in state | ↓ ; **the** dash-dotted blue curve ...**qubit**-**oscillator** coupling γ . Parameters: γ = 0.25 ℏ v and ℏ Ω 2 = 100...**oscillator** depend on the state of the **qubit**....**qubit** coupled to one oscillator, far outside **the** RWA regime: γ = ℏ Ω =...the qubit. In general not much can be said about this final state, but...**qubit** coupled to two cavities, we show that Landau-Zener sweeps of the...**oscillator** **frequency**. In Fig. fig:photon_averages we depict how for a...**qubit** coupled to two **oscillators**. Parameters: γ = 0.25 ℏ v and Ω 2 = 100...**qubit**-**oscillator** coupling, then the dynamics can very well be approximated...**oscillator** if the **qubit** would be measured in state | ↓ ; the dash-dotted...**qubit**-oscillator entanglement, with state-of-the-art circuit QED as a ...**qubit**-**oscillator** entanglement, with state-of-the-art circuit QED as a ...**oscillator** energies ℏ Ω 1 , 2 are much larger than the **qubit**-**oscillator**...**qubit** are well suited for the robust creation of entangled cavity states...**qubit** coupled to one **oscillator**, far outside the RWA regime: γ = ℏ Ω =... of a qubit coupled to two oscillators. Parameters: γ = 0.25 ℏ v and Ω...**qubit** may undergo Landau-Zener transitions due to its coupling to one ...**qubit**-oscillator coupling γ . Parameters: γ = 0.25 ℏ v and ℏ Ω 2 = 100...final qubit-two-oscillator state | ψ ∞ rather than merely the transition...**oscillator** **frequencies**, both inside and outside the regime where a rotating-wave... final qubit state is | ↑ . We call this dynamical selection rule the ...**qubit** coupled to two **oscillators**. Parameters: γ = 0.25 ℏ v , ℏ Ω 1 = 90...**oscillators**. We show that for a **qubit** coupled to one **oscillator**, Landau-Zener...state of the qubit....**qubit** coupled to two oscillators with large energies, and with detunings...**qubit** coupled to one oscillator, Landau-Zener transitions can be used ...**qubit** coupled to two **oscillators** with degenerate energies. Parameters: ... A **qubit** may undergo Landau-Zener transitions due to its coupling to one or several quantum harmonic **oscillators**. We show that for a **qubit** coupled to one **oscillator**, Landau-Zener transitions can be used for single-photon generation and for the controllable creation of **qubit**-**oscillator** entanglement, with state-of-the-art circuit QED as a promising realization. Moreover, for a **qubit** coupled to two cavities, we show that Landau-Zener sweeps of the **qubit** are well suited for the robust creation of entangled cavity states, in particular symmetric Bell states, with the **qubit** acting as the entanglement mediator. At the heart of our proposals lies the calculation of the exact Landau-Zener transition probability for the **qubit**, by summing all orders of the corresponding series in time-dependent perturbation theory. This transition probability emerges to be independent of the **oscillator** **frequencies**, both inside and outside the regime where a rotating-wave approximation is valid.

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Contributors: Eugene Grichuk, Margarita Kuzmina, Eduard Manykin

Date: 2010-09-26

**qubit** simulates the behavior of electric field of
polarized light beam...**qubit** model has been designed as a
stochastic **oscillator** formed by a pair...**qubits** that is
exploited as a computation resource in one-way quantum
...**oscillators** is
proposed for modeling of a cluster of entangled **qubits** ...**oscillators** with chaotically modulated limit cycle radii and
**frequencies**...one-**qubit**
gates are suggested. Changing of cluster entanglement degree...**qubit** cluster, is designed, and system of equations for
network dynamics...**oscillators**...**qubit** model has been designed as a
stochastic oscillator formed by a pair ... A network of coupled stochastic **oscillators** is
proposed for modeling of a cluster of entangled **qubits** that is
exploited as a computation resource in one-way quantum
computation schemes. A **qubit** model has been designed as a
stochastic **oscillator** formed by a pair of coupled limit cycle
**oscillators** with chaotically modulated limit cycle radii and
**frequencies**. The **qubit** simulates the behavior of electric field of
polarized light beam and adequately imitates the states of two-level
quantum system. A cluster of entangled **qubits** can be associated
with a beam of polarized light, light polarization degree being
directly related to cluster entanglement degree. Oscillatory network,
imitating **qubit** cluster, is designed, and system of equations for
network dynamics has been written. The constructions of one-**qubit**
gates are suggested. Changing of cluster entanglement degree caused
by measurements can be exactly calculated.

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Contributors: Shi, Zhan, Simmons, C. B., Ward, Daniel. R., Prance, J. R., Mohr, R. T., Koh, Teck Seng, Gamble, John King, Wu, Xian., Savage, D. E., Lagally, M. G.

Date: 2012-08-02

low-**frequency** noise processes are an important dephasing mechanism....**Qubit**...**oscillations** visible near δ t = 0 . The **oscillations** of interest appear...**qubit** states varies with external voltages, consistent with a decoherence...**qubit** in a double quantum dot fabricated in a Si/SiGe heterostructure ...**oscillation** **frequency** f for (a–c), respectively. As t is increased, the...**frequency** at more negative detuning (farther from the anti-crossing). ...**oscillation** **frequency** f for the data in (a–c), respectively. We obtain...**oscillations** at a given **frequency** decays with characteristic time T 2 ...**oscillations** of a charge **qubit** in a double quantum dot fabricated in a...**qubit**'s double-well potential). In the regime with the shortest T2*, applying ... Fast quantum **oscillations** of a charge **qubit** in a double quantum dot fabricated in a Si/SiGe heterostructure are demonstrated and characterized experimentally. The measured inhomogeneous dephasing time T2* ranges from 127ps to ~2.1ns; it depends substantially on how the energy difference of the two **qubit** states varies with external voltages, consistent with a decoherence process that is dominated by detuning noise(charge noise that changes the asymmetry of the **qubit**'s double-well potential). In the regime with the shortest T2*, applying a charge-echo pulse sequence increases the measured inhomogeneous decoherence time from 127ps to 760ps, demonstrating that low-**frequency** noise processes are an important dephasing mechanism.

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Contributors: Higgins, Kieran D. B., Lovett, Brendon W., Gauger, Erik M.

Date: 2012-03-27

**qubit** design but with an **oscillating** voltage applied to the CPB bias gate... qubits. The criterion for the single term approximation to be valid is...**qubit** and **oscillator**, thus requiring a theoretical treatment beyond the...**qubit** and oscillator, thus requiring a theoretical treatment beyond the...the qubit frequency Ω with temperature. The upper inset shows the dependence...**qubit** thermometry of an oscillator....**qubit** dynamics in this regime, based on an **oscillator** correlation function...**qubit** thermometry: T i n is the temperature supplied to the numerical ...**oscillations** with **frequency** ( eqn:rho3) to it. The blue line is the data...**qubit** thermometry of an **oscillator**....**qubit** dynamics. We obtain a new expression for the ac Stark shift and ...**qubit** dynamics in this regime, based on an oscillator correlation function...**oscillations** are also shown as a reference (green). Left: the population...**oscillator** Hilbert space at a point where the dynamics have converged ... the** qubit**. These parameters can be achieved experimentally using the

**sam**...

**frequency**of the

**qubit**dynamics is still adequately captured by our single...

**qubit**dynamics is still adequately captured by our single term approximation...

**qubit**

**frequency**Ω with temperature. The upper inset shows the dependence...

**oscillator**on the

**qubit**. These parameters can be achieved experimentally...

**oscillator**represents a ubiquitous physical system. New experiments in...

**frequency**domain. The full numerical solution was Fourier transformed ...the

**dynamics analytically unwieldy, because the rational function...**

**qubit****qubit**dynamics are not greatly perturbed by the presence of the

**oscillator**... the

**dynamics are not greatly perturbed by the presence of the oscillator...of qubit thermometry: T i n is the temperature supplied to the numerical ... A quantum two level system coupled to a harmonic**

**qubit****oscillator**represents a ubiquitous physical system. New experiments in circuit QED and nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS) achieve unprecedented coupling strength at large detuning between

**qubit**and

**oscillator**, thus requiring a theoretical treatment beyond the Jaynes Cummings model. Here we present a new method for describing the

**qubit**dynamics in this regime, based on an

**oscillator**correlation function expansion of a non-Markovian master equation in the polaron frame. Our technique yields a new numerical method as well as a succinct approximate expression for the

**qubit**dynamics. We obtain a new expression for the ac Stark shift and show that this enables practical and precise

**qubit**thermometry of an

**oscillator**.

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Contributors: Fedorov, Kirill G., Shcherbakova, Anastasia V., Schäfer, Roland, Ustinov, Alexey V.

Date: 2013-01-22

flux qubit....through** the **qubit corresponds to** the **changing of** the **persistent currents i...embracing a flux qubit, as shown in Fig. AJJ+Qubit. The current induced...the** flux** qubit with a coupling loop (yellow loop) and control line (green...**frequency** versus magnetic flux through the **qubit** corresponds to the changing... the qubit corresponds to** the **changing of** the **persistent currents in the...**oscillations**, we have performed systematic measurements of the dependence...**frequency** deviation from equilibrium δ ν / ν 0 of the fluxon **oscillation**...**qubit** as a current dipole to the annular junction, we detect periodic ...the** flux** qubit loop....the flux qubit....**oscillation** **frequency** from the unperturbed case δ ν = ν μ - ν 0 , where...**qubit**...**qubit**, **qubit** readout...**qubit**. The time delay of the fluxon can be detected as a **frequency** shift...**oscillation** **frequency** due to the coupling to the flux **qubit**. Every point...current in** the **flux qubit. Thus, the persistent current in** the **qubit manifests...flux qubit. Every point consists of 100 averages. Bias current was set...**frequency** versus bias current. Black line shows the result of perturbation...**oscillation** **frequency** for μ = 0 . Black line in Fig. FD shows the dependence...flux qubit versus magnetic frustration (black line). Red line shows the...**qubits** by using ballistic Josephson vortices are reported. We measured...**qubit**. We found that the scattering of a fluxon on a current dipole can...**oscillation** **frequency** versus magnetic flux through the **qubit**. We found...**qubit** loop....**qubit**. ... Experiments towards realizing a readout of superconducting **qubits** by using ballistic Josephson vortices are reported. We measured the microwave radiation induced by a fluxon moving in an annular Josephson junction. By coupling a flux **qubit** as a current dipole to the annular junction, we detect periodic variations of the fluxon's **oscillation** **frequency** versus magnetic flux through the **qubit**. We found that the scattering of a fluxon on a current dipole can lead to the acceleration of a fluxon regardless of a dipole polarity. We use the perturbation theory and numerical simulations of the perturbed sine-Gordon equation to analyze our results.

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Contributors: Reuther, Georg M., Hänggi, Peter, Kohler, Sigmund

Date: 2012-05-10

**qubit**-**oscillator** coupling ( g 2 = 0 ), resonant driving, Ω = ω 0 , and...**oscillator** damping γ = 0.02 ϵ . The amplitude A = 0.07 ϵ corresponds to...**oscillator** damping γ . The driving amplitude is A = 3.5 γ , such that ...**qubit**-**oscillator** coupling ( g 1 = 0 ), resonant driving at large **frequency**...**qubit**-**oscillator** Hamiltonian to the dispersive frame and a subsequent ...**qubit** expectation value σ x which exhibits decaying oscillations with ...**qubit** expectation value σ x which exhibits decaying **oscillations** with **frequency** ϵ . The parameters correspond to an intermediate regime between...linear **qubit**-oscillator coupling ( g 2 = 0 ), resonant driving, Ω = ω ...**qubit**-oscillator detuning and by considering also a coupling to the square... **qubit** operator σ x (solid line) and the corresponding purity (dashed)...**qubit** coupled to a resonantly driven dissipative harmonic oscillator. ...**qubit**-oscillator coupling ( g 1 = 0 ), resonant driving at large frequency...**qubit**-**oscillator** master equation in the original frame....**qubit** operator σ x (solid line) and the corresponding purity (dashed) ...**qubit**-oscillator Hamiltonian to the dispersive frame and a subsequent ...**oscillator** damping γ = ϵ , the conditions for the validity of the (Markovian...**qubit** decoherence during dispersive readout...**oscillator** coordinate, which is relevant for flux **qubits**. Analytical results...**qubit** decoherence under generalized dispersive readout, i.e., we investigate...**qubit** coupled to a resonantly driven dissipative harmonic **oscillator**. ...**qubit**-**oscillator** detuning and by considering also a coupling to the square...**qubit**-oscillator master equation in the original frame. ... We study **qubit** decoherence under generalized dispersive readout, i.e., we investigate a **qubit** coupled to a resonantly driven dissipative harmonic **oscillator**. We provide a complete picture by allowing for arbitrarily large **qubit**-**oscillator** detuning and by considering also a coupling to the square of the **oscillator** coordinate, which is relevant for flux **qubits**. Analytical results for the decoherence time are obtained by a transformation of the **qubit**-**oscillator** Hamiltonian to the dispersive frame and a subsequent master equation treatment beyond the Markov limit. We predict a crossover from Markovian decay to a decay with Gaussian shape. Our results are corroborated by the numerical solution of the full **qubit**-**oscillator** master equation in the original frame.

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Contributors: Meier, Florian, Loss, Daniel

Date: 2004-08-26

**frequency** is comparable to the coupling energy of micro-circuit and fluctuator...**oscillation** visibility. We also calculate the probability for Bogoliubov...**frequencies**, transitions to the second excited state of the superconducting...single-**frequency** **oscillations** with reduced visibility [Fig. Fig2(b)]....**Qubits**...single-**frequency** **oscillations** are restored. The fluctuator leads to a ...**oscillation** experiments....**oscillations** for a squbit-fluctuator system. The probability p 1 t to ...**oscillations** between quantum states of superconducting micro-circuits ...**frequencies** | b x | / h 100 M H z . We show next that, in this regime, ... Coherent Rabi **oscillations** between quantum states of superconducting micro-circuits have been observed in a number of experiments, albeit with a visibility which is typically much smaller than unity. Here, we show that the coherent coupling to background charge fluctuators [R.W. Simmonds et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 077003 (2004)] leads to a significantly reduced visibility if the Rabi **frequency** is comparable to the coupling energy of micro-circuit and fluctuator. For larger Rabi **frequencies**, transitions to the second excited state of the superconducting micro-circuit become dominant in suppressing the Rabi **oscillation** visibility. We also calculate the probability for Bogoliubov quasi-particle excitations in typical Rabi **oscillation** experiments.

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