### 62747 results for qubit oscillator frequency

Contributors: Reuther, Georg M., Hänggi, Peter, Kohler, Sigmund

Date: 2012-05-10

**qubit**-**oscillator** coupling ( g 2 = 0 ), resonant driving, Ω = ω 0 , and...**oscillator** damping γ = 0.02 ϵ . The amplitude A = 0.07 ϵ corresponds to...**oscillator** damping γ . The driving amplitude is A = 3.5 γ , such that ...**qubit**-**oscillator** coupling ( g 1 = 0 ), resonant driving at large **frequency**...**qubit**-**oscillator** Hamiltonian to the dispersive frame and a subsequent ...**qubit** expectation value σ x which exhibits decaying oscillations with ...**qubit** expectation value σ x which exhibits decaying **oscillations** with **frequency** ϵ . The parameters correspond to an intermediate regime between...linear **qubit**-oscillator coupling ( g 2 = 0 ), resonant driving, Ω = ω ...**qubit**-oscillator detuning and by considering also a coupling to the square... **qubit** operator σ x (solid line) and the corresponding purity (dashed)...**qubit** coupled to a resonantly driven dissipative harmonic oscillator. ...**qubit**-oscillator coupling ( g 1 = 0 ), resonant driving at large frequency...**qubit**-**oscillator** master equation in the original frame....**qubit** operator σ x (solid line) and the corresponding purity (dashed) ...**qubit**-oscillator Hamiltonian to the dispersive frame and a subsequent ...**oscillator** damping γ = ϵ , the conditions for the validity of the (Markovian...**qubit** decoherence during dispersive readout...**oscillator** coordinate, which is relevant for flux **qubits**. Analytical results...**qubit** decoherence under generalized dispersive readout, i.e., we investigate...**qubit** coupled to a resonantly driven dissipative harmonic **oscillator**. ...**qubit**-**oscillator** detuning and by considering also a coupling to the square...**qubit**-oscillator master equation in the original frame. ... We study **qubit** decoherence under generalized dispersive readout, i.e., we investigate a **qubit** coupled to a resonantly driven dissipative harmonic **oscillator**. We provide a complete picture by allowing for arbitrarily large **qubit**-**oscillator** detuning and by considering also a coupling to the square of the **oscillator** coordinate, which is relevant for flux **qubits**. Analytical results for the decoherence time are obtained by a transformation of the **qubit**-**oscillator** Hamiltonian to the dispersive frame and a subsequent master equation treatment beyond the Markov limit. We predict a crossover from Markovian decay to a decay with Gaussian shape. Our results are corroborated by the numerical solution of the full **qubit**-**oscillator** master equation in the original frame.

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Contributors: Rosenband, Till

Date: 2012-03-01

**oscillator** noise. In this context the squeezed states discussed by Andr...**qubits**, compared to the standard quantum limit (SQL). The most stable ...**qubits**, which are assumed not to decohere with one another....**frequency** corrections are φ E s t / 2 π T . Shaded in the background is...**qubits**, the protocol of Bu...**qubits** performance matches the analytical protocols. In the simulations...**qubits** can reduce clock instability, although the GHZ states yield no...**qubits** are required to improve upon the SQL by a factor of two....15 qubits, and improve upon the SQL variance by a factor of N -1 / 3 ....**oscillator** noise has an Allan deviation of 1 Hz....more qubits, the protocol of Bu...**qubits**, and improve upon the SQL variance by a factor of N -1 / 3 . For...**frequency** variance of the clock extrapolated to 1 second. For long-term...**frequency** is repeatedly corrected, based on projective measurements of...**qubits** yields improved clock stability compared to Ramsey spectroscopy...more qubits can reduce clock instability, although the GHZ states yield...few-**qubit** clock protocols...**oscillator** decoheres due to flicker-**frequency** (1/f) noise. The **oscillator** ... The stability of several clock protocols based on 2 to 20 entangled atoms is evaluated numerically by a simulation that includes the effect of decoherence due to classical **oscillator** noise. In this context the squeezed states discussed by Andr\'{e}, S{\o}rensen and Lukin [PRL 92, 239801 (2004)] offer reduced instability compared to clocks based on Ramsey's protocol with unentangled atoms. When more than 15 atoms are simulated, the protocol of Bu\v{z}ek, Derka and Massar [PRL 82, 2207 (1999)] has lower instability. A large-scale numerical search for optimal clock protocols with two to eight **qubits** yields improved clock stability compared to Ramsey spectroscopy, and for two to three **qubits** performance matches the analytical protocols. In the simulations, a laser local **oscillator** decoheres due to flicker-**frequency** (1/f) noise. The **oscillator** **frequency** is repeatedly corrected, based on projective measurements of the **qubits**, which are assumed not to decohere with one another.

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Contributors: Chiorescu, I., Bertet, P., Semba, K., Nakamura, Y., Harmans, C. J. P. M., Mooij, J. E.

Date: 2004-07-30

**oscillator**. We achieve generation and control of the entangled state by...**frequencies** are shown by the filled squares in b). b, Rabi **frequency**, .......**oscillations**: after a π pulse on the **qubit** resonance ( | 00 → | 10 ) we...flux **qubit** (the smallest loop closed by three junctions); the **qubit** to...**frequencies** indicated by peaks in the SQUID switching probability when...**qubit** - **oscillator** system for some given bias point. The blue and red ...**oscillations** of the coupled system....**oscillations** at the **qubit** symmetry point Δ = 5.9 GHz. a, Switching probability...**qubit** symmetry point Δ = 5.9 GHz. a, Switching probability as a function...**oscillator**, as demonstrated in ion/atom-trap experiments or cavity quantum...**qubit** (a two-level system) and a superconducting quantum interference ...**qubits**. Single-**qubit** operations, direct coupling between two **qubits**, and... the **qubit** transition. In the upper scan, the system is first excited ...through the **qubit** area away from the **qubit** symmetry point. Inset, energy...**qubit** coupled to a harmonic oscillator...Qub ... In the emerging field of quantum computation and quantum information, superconducting devices are promising candidates for the implementation of solid-state quantum bits or **qubits**. Single-**qubit** operations, direct coupling between two **qubits**, and the realization of a quantum gate have been reported. However, complex manipulation of entangled states - such as the coupling of a two-level system to a quantum harmonic **oscillator**, as demonstrated in ion/atom-trap experiments or cavity quantum electrodynamics - has yet to be achieved for superconducting devices. Here we demonstrate entanglement between a superconducting flux **qubit** (a two-level system) and a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The latter provides the measurement system for detecting the quantum states; it is also an effective inductance that, in parallel with an external shunt capacitance, acts as a harmonic **oscillator**. We achieve generation and control of the entangled state by performing microwave spectroscopy and detecting the resultant Rabi **oscillations** of the coupled system.

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Contributors: Martijn Wubs, Sigmund Kohler, Peter Hänggi

Date: 2007-10-01

**qubit** may undergo Landau–Zener transitions due to its coupling to one ...a qubit coupled to two oscillators. Parameters: γ=0.25ℏv and Ω2=100ℏv,...**qubit**–oscillator entanglement, with state-of-the-art circuit QED as a ...**qubit** are well suited for the robust creation of entangled cavity states...**qubit** that is coupled to one **oscillator**. Starting in the ground state ...**qubit** coupled to one **oscillator**, far outside the RWA regime: γ=ℏΩ=0.25ℏv...**qubit** coupled to two cavities, we show that Landau–Zener sweeps of the...**oscillator** **frequencies**, both inside and outside the regime where a rotating-wave...**qubit** coupled to two **oscillators**. Parameters: γ=0.25ℏv, ℏΩ1=90ℏv, and ...case** the **qubit would be measured |↑〉.
...**oscillators**. We show that for a **qubit** coupled to one **oscillator**, Landau–Zener... the qubit–oscillator coupling γ. Parameters: γ=0.25ℏv and ℏΩ2=100ℏv, ...**qubit** coupled to one oscillator, Landau–Zener transitions can be used ...**oscillator** if the **qubit** would be measured in state |↓〉; the dash-dotted...**qubit** coupled to two **oscillators** with degenerate energies. Parameters:...**sweep** of a qubit coupled to two oscillators with degenerate energies. ...**qubit**–**oscillator** entanglement, with state-of-the-art circuit QED as a ...LZ **sweep** of a qubit coupled to two oscillators. Parameters: γ=0.25ℏv, ... A **qubit** may undergo Landau–Zener transitions due to its coupling to one or several quantum harmonic **oscillators**. We show that for a **qubit** coupled to one **oscillator**, Landau–Zener transitions can be used for single-photon generation and for the controllable creation of **qubit**–**oscillator** entanglement, with state-of-the-art circuit QED as a promising realization. Moreover, for a **qubit** coupled to two cavities, we show that Landau–Zener sweeps of the **qubit** are well suited for the robust creation of entangled cavity states, in particular symmetric Bell states, with the **qubit** acting as the entanglement mediator. At the heart of our proposals lies the calculation of the exact Landau–Zener transition probability for the **qubit**, by summing all orders of the corresponding series in time-dependent perturbation theory. This transition probability emerges to be independent of the **oscillator** **frequencies**, both inside and outside the regime where a rotating-wave approximation is valid.

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Contributors: Meier, Florian, Loss, Daniel

Date: 2004-08-26

**frequency** is comparable to the coupling energy of micro-circuit and fluctuator...**oscillation** visibility. We also calculate the probability for Bogoliubov...**frequencies**, transitions to the second excited state of the superconducting...single-**frequency** **oscillations** with reduced visibility [Fig. Fig2(b)]....**Qubits**...single-**frequency** **oscillations** are restored. The fluctuator leads to a ...**oscillation** experiments....**oscillations** for a squbit-fluctuator system. The probability p 1 t to ...**oscillations** between quantum states of superconducting micro-circuits ...**frequencies** | b x | / h 100 M H z . We show next that, in this regime, ... Coherent Rabi **oscillations** between quantum states of superconducting micro-circuits have been observed in a number of experiments, albeit with a visibility which is typically much smaller than unity. Here, we show that the coherent coupling to background charge fluctuators [R.W. Simmonds et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 077003 (2004)] leads to a significantly reduced visibility if the Rabi **frequency** is comparable to the coupling energy of micro-circuit and fluctuator. For larger Rabi **frequencies**, transitions to the second excited state of the superconducting micro-circuit become dominant in suppressing the Rabi **oscillation** visibility. We also calculate the probability for Bogoliubov quasi-particle excitations in typical Rabi **oscillation** experiments.

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Contributors: Singh, Mandip

Date: 2014-07-01

**flux**-**qubit**-cantilever interrupted by a single Josephson junction is...flux-**qubit**-cantilever corresponds to a quantum entanglement between magnetic...**oscillation** ω i i.e. the **frequency** in absence of magnetic field. The external...**frequency** ( E / h ) is ∼ 4 × 10 11 Hz....**frequency** ( E / h ) is ∼ 3.9 × 10 11 Hz....**oscillator** is introduced that consists of a flux **qubit** in the form of ...**flux** **qubit** with a single Josephson junction is considered throughout this...**oscillates** about an equilibrium angle θ 0 with an intrinsic **frequency** ...flux-**qubit**-cantilever. A part of the flux **qubit** (larger loop) is in the... the **flux**-**qubit**-cantilever to its ground state....**qubit** and the mechanical degrees of freedom of the cantilever are naturally...**oscillation** **frequencies**, consider a flux-**qubit**-cantilever made of niobium...**flux**-**qubit**-cantilever shown in Fig. fig1 where a part of a superconducting...**frequencies** of the flux-**qubit**-cantilever are ω X ≃ 2 π × 7.99 × 10 10 ...**qubit** and the cantilever. An additional magnetic flux threading a DC-SQUID...**qubit** in the form of a cantilever. The magnetic flux linked to the flux...**qubit**...**frequencies** are ω φ ≃ 2 π × 7.99 × 10 10 rad/s, ω δ = 2 π × 22384.5 ...**flux** **qubit** forms a cantilever. The larger loop is interrupted by a smaller ... In this paper a macroscopic quantum **oscillator** is introduced that consists of a flux **qubit** in the form of a cantilever. The magnetic flux linked to the flux **qubit** and the mechanical degrees of freedom of the cantilever are naturally coupled. The coupling is controlled through an external magnetic field. The ground state of the introduced flux-**qubit**-cantilever corresponds to a quantum entanglement between magnetic flux and the cantilever displacement.

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Contributors: Oxtoby, Neil P., Gambetta, Jay, Wiseman, H. M.

Date: 2007-06-24

**qubit**, is used to damp a classical oscillator circuit. The resulting realistic...**frequency** (rf) weak measurements where a low-transparency quantum point... the **qubit** electron, denoted by E 1 and E 0 for the near and far dot, ...low-**frequency** (dc) weak measurements. In this paper we extend realistic...**oscillator** circuit to be a QPC (see Fig. fig:dqdqpc for details). Measurement...**qubit**. A schematic of the isolated DQD and capacitively coupled QPC is...**qubit**. The charge basis states are denoted | 0 and | 1 (see Fig. fig:...**qubit** coupled to a classical L C **oscillator** with inductance L and capacitance...**qubits** is important for quantum computation, particularly for the purposes...radio-**frequency** point contact), with two benefits over the SET — lower...**qubit** using a radio-frequency quantum point contact including experimental...**frequency** is the same as the signal of interest (or very slightly detuned...**qubit**. The rf+dc mode of operation is considered. Here the QPC is biased...charge **qubit** coupled to a classical L C oscillator with inductance L and...**qubit**, is used to damp a classical **oscillator** circuit. The resulting realistic... **qubit** coupled to a classical L C oscillator with inductance L and capacitance...low-**frequency** beats due to mixing the signal with the LO are easily detected...charge-**qubit** detector, that may nevertheless be higher than the dc-QPC...**qubit** and capacitively coupled low-transparency QPC between source (S)...**oscillator**, L O , and then measured. fig:rfcircuit...**oscillator** (relative to the QPC), where the **oscillator** slaves to the **qubit**... **qubit**. The charge basis states are denoted | 0 and | 1 (see Fig. fig ... The extension of quantum trajectory theory to incorporate realistic imperfections in the measurement of solid-state **qubits** is important for quantum computation, particularly for the purposes of state preparation and error-correction as well as for readout of computations. Previously this has been achieved for low-**frequency** (dc) weak measurements. In this paper we extend realistic quantum trajectory theory to include radio **frequency** (rf) weak measurements where a low-transparency quantum point contact (QPC), coupled to a charge **qubit**, is used to damp a classical **oscillator** circuit. The resulting realistic quantum trajectory equation must be solved numerically. We present an analytical result for the limit of large dissipation within the **oscillator** (relative to the QPC), where the **oscillator** slaves to the **qubit**. The rf+dc mode of operation is considered. Here the QPC is biased (dc) as well as subjected to a small-amplitude sinusoidal carrier signal (rf). The rf+dc QPC is shown to be a low-efficiency charge-**qubit** detector, that may nevertheless be higher than the dc-QPC (which is subject to 1/f noise).

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Contributors: Fedorov, Kirill G., Shcherbakova, Anastasia V., Schäfer, Roland, Ustinov, Alexey V.

Date: 2013-01-22

flux qubit....through** the **qubit corresponds to** the **changing of** the **persistent currents i...embracing a flux qubit, as shown in Fig. AJJ+Qubit. The current induced...the** flux** qubit with a coupling loop (yellow loop) and control line (green...**frequency** versus magnetic flux through the **qubit** corresponds to the changing... the qubit corresponds to** the **changing of** the **persistent currents in the...**oscillations**, we have performed systematic measurements of the dependence...**frequency** deviation from equilibrium δ ν / ν 0 of the fluxon **oscillation**...**qubit** as a current dipole to the annular junction, we detect periodic ...the** flux** qubit loop....the flux qubit....**oscillation** **frequency** from the unperturbed case δ ν = ν μ - ν 0 , where...**qubit**...**qubit**, **qubit** readout...**qubit**. The time delay of the fluxon can be detected as a **frequency** shift...**oscillation** **frequency** due to the coupling to the flux **qubit**. Every point...current in** the **flux qubit. Thus, the persistent current in** the **qubit manifests...flux qubit. Every point consists of 100 averages. Bias current was set...**frequency** versus bias current. Black line shows the result of perturbation...**oscillation** **frequency** for μ = 0 . Black line in Fig. FD shows the dependence...flux qubit versus magnetic frustration (black line). Red line shows the...**qubits** by using ballistic Josephson vortices are reported. We measured...**qubit**. We found that the scattering of a fluxon on a current dipole can...**oscillation** **frequency** versus magnetic flux through the **qubit**. We found...**qubit** loop....**qubit**. ... Experiments towards realizing a readout of superconducting **qubits** by using ballistic Josephson vortices are reported. We measured the microwave radiation induced by a fluxon moving in an annular Josephson junction. By coupling a flux **qubit** as a current dipole to the annular junction, we detect periodic variations of the fluxon's **oscillation** **frequency** versus magnetic flux through the **qubit**. We found that the scattering of a fluxon on a current dipole can lead to the acceleration of a fluxon regardless of a dipole polarity. We use the perturbation theory and numerical simulations of the perturbed sine-Gordon equation to analyze our results.

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Contributors: Poletto, S., Chiarello, F., Castellano, M. G., Lisenfeld, J., Lukashenko, A., Cosmelli, C., Torrioli, G., Carelli, P., Ustinov, A. V.

Date: 2008-09-08

**oscillation** **frequency** ω 0 depends on the amplitude of the manipulation...flux **qubit** circuit. (b) The control **flux **Φ c changes the potential barrier...**The** **qubit** is manipulated by changing two magnetic fluxes Φ x and Φ c ,... for **qubit** initialization in **the** left or right well, and Φ x 1 equal to...**the** **qubit** . **The** circuit was manufactured by Hypres using standard Nb/...**the** **qubit** flux is performed by measuring **the** switching current of an unshunted...coherent evolution of **the** **qubit**....**qubits**. An other advantage of this type of **qubit** is its insensitivity ...**oscillation** **frequencies** for the corresponding pulse amplitudes....for **qubit** manipulation at which the **qubit** potential has a shape as indicated...**oscillation** **frequency** could be tuned between 6 and 21 GHz by changing ...**oscillation** **frequencies** for different values of Φ c (open circles). Excellent...**oscillation** **frequency** as shown in Fig. fig:4(a). In Fig. fig:5, we plot...**oscillation** **frequency**, and (b) for different potential symmetry by detuning...**oscillations** of a tunable superconducting flux **qubit** by manipulating its...**qubit** by manipulating its energy potential with a nanosecond-long pulse...**qubit** manipulation at which the **qubit** potential has a shape as indicated...**qubit** circuit. (b) The control flux Φ c changes the potential barrier ...**oscillate** at a **frequency** ranging from 6 GHz to 21 GHz, tunable via the...**qubit** initially prepared in the state, and for (a) different pulse amplitudes...**oscillation** **frequency**, as shown in Fig. fig:4(b), is consistent with ...**qubit** manipulated without microwaves ... We experimentally demonstrate the coherent **oscillations** of a tunable superconducting flux **qubit** by manipulating its energy potential with a nanosecond-long pulse of magnetic flux. The occupation probabilities of two persistent current states **oscillate** at a **frequency** ranging from 6 GHz to 21 GHz, tunable via the amplitude of the flux pulse. The demonstrated operation mode allows to realize quantum gates which take less than 100 ps time and are thus much faster compared to other superconducting **qubits**. An other advantage of this type of **qubit** is its insensitivity to both thermal and magnetic field fluctuations.

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Contributors: Makhlin, Yuriy, Shnirman, Alexander

Date: 2003-12-22

**oscillations** of the solid lines are compensated by the dashed line from...low-**frequency**, e.g. 1/f noise, motivated by recent experiments with superconducting...Josephson charge qubit. The simplest Josephson charge qubit is the Cooper-pair...**oscillations** of the solid lines in the diagrams and assuming very slow... ≫ E J for the qubit in Fig. F:qb at the degeneracy point, where the charge...**qubit**. The simplest Josephson charge **qubit** is the Cooper-pair box shown...the qubit’s 2 × 2 density matrix ρ ̂ , exp - i L 0 t θ t , where L 0 is...low-**frequency** noise is equivalent to that of quadratic longitudinal coupling...**frequencies**, we find:...**oscillations** under the influence of both low- and high-**frequency** fluctuations...high-**frequency** dashed line. The relaxation process in e also contributes...**qubit**...the qubit’s density matrix). The term in Fig. F:2ordera gives...**qubits** by transverse low-frequency noise... charge qubit ... We analyze the dissipative dynamics of a two-level quantum system subject to low-**frequency**, e.g. 1/f noise, motivated by recent experiments with superconducting quantum circuits. We show that the effect of transverse linear coupling of the system to low-**frequency** noise is equivalent to that of quadratic longitudinal coupling. We further find the decay law of quantum coherent **oscillations** under the influence of both low- and high-**frequency** fluctuations, in particular, for the case of comparable rates of relaxation and pure dephasing.

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