Modelling Sustainability in Cyber-Physical Systems: A Systematic Mapping Study

Published: 17 January 2023| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/7jyhrpb478.1
Jácome Cunha,
Ana Moreira,
Moharram Challenger,
Dušan Savić,
Vasco Amaral


Supporting sustainability through modelling and analysis has become an active area of research in Software Engineering. Therefore, it is important and timely to survey the current state of the art in sustainability in Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), which is one of the most actively developing classes of complex software systems. This work discusses the results of a Systematic Mapping Study (SMS) aiming at identifying the relevant primary studies reporting on CPS modelling approaches addressing sustainability over the last 10 years. Our literature search yielded 2209 papers, of which 104 primary studies were deemed relevant for a detailed characterisation from the perspective of nine research questions, to extract information about sustainability attributes, methods, models/meta-models, metrics, processes and tools used to improve the sustainability of CPS. These questions also aimed at collecting data about domain-specific modelling approaches and application domains. The final results report on nine questions, highlight interesting correlations among them, and identify literature gaps worth investigating in the near future.



Sustainability, Cyber-Physical System, Model-Driven Engineering