ARL9 is Upregulated and Serves as a Biomarker for a Poor Prognosis in Colon Adenocarcinoma
The mRNA expression of ARL9 in colon adenocarcinoma tissues was higher in comparison to the level in normal adjacent tissues. The mRNA expression of ARL9 was not related to sex, tumor stage, T stage, N stage, M stage, but to age. The 5-year survival rate of colon adenocarcinoma patients with high ARL9 mRNA expression levels was significantly lower than that of patients with low ARL9 mRNA expression levels. Age and the high mRNA expression of ARL9 were independent risk factors for a poor prognosis in patients with colon adenocarcinoma. The GSEA suggested that ARL9 may be able to upregulate cell adhesion, extracellular matrix receptor interactions, tumor-associated pathways, and downregulate the citrate cycle and tricarboxylic acid cycle pathway, which are involved in the development of colon adenocarcinoma.