43 results for "2241-3634"
Contributors: Mantzorou, Marianna, Koukia,Evmorfia
... Introduction: Elderly people with dementia present complex needs and the challenges in their care may make the caring staff in long term caring settings vulnerable to the development of burnout because of the emotional and physical drainage they undergo. Purpose: of this study was to examine the factors that contribute towards the development of burnout of professional caregivers of elderly people with dementia so that effective programs for its prevention and management will be designed. Methodology: Review and research studies of the last decade were searched in international databases such as PubMed, Google scholar, CINAHL and Healink as well as in the references of the papers found and the papers were evaluated for their validity, they were thematically categorized and presented in this review. Results: The International literature presents as the main factors related to burnout, the working environment of the nursing home, the personal characteristics of the nurses, the education and the behavioral problems of the demented patients. An important finding of this review is the fact that professional caregivers experience burnout due to mistaken beliefs about the patients as well as negative beliefs and emotional reactions towards dementia. High levels of stress contribute to diminished quality of care, missed care, increased frequency of inadequate safety and higher frequency of mistakes in the everyday practice of nursing homes. Conclusions: It is important to find new directions for the improvement of the design of programs which aim at the reduction of professional burnout so as to include not only the organizational factors that contribute to the burnout but also focus to the cognitive and emotional reactions of the professionals towards the disease of their patients with regard to the specific and unique characteristics of nurses.
Contributors: Katsaras,George, Kourlaba,Georgia
... Introduction: The episodes of violence and aggression in schools is a common and growing in frequency phenomenon. Research has shown that the engagement with school bullying is a major risk factor as far as suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are concerned. The aim was to review literature about school bullying and cyberbullying as well as the suicidality in children and adolescents. Material and Methods: It was used bibliography search in the databases PubMed and Scopus, reviews of the last five years and some reference textbooks and reports of official government bodies such as the CDC. Results: The brief review has highlighted the scale and the characteristics of the phenomenon of bullying as well as the characteristics of the correlation between bullying and suicidality. The positive correlations of the involvement in both school and cyberbullying with suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior were emphasized. Stronger correlations show the bully/ victims with suicidality. Finally, concomitant victimization by school and cyberbullying increases exponentially the correlations with suicidality. Conclusions: Future research would benefit from the analysis of the longitudinal impact of bullying on young people in terms of suicidal ideation and behaviors towards better understanding of the temporary or permanent establishment of that association. Efforts should continue in identifying and helping those involved with both types of bullying, as well as to establish well functioning prevention and intervention programs.
Contributors: Kokolakis, Michail, Koutelekos, Ioannis
... ntroduction: Traumatic brain injury is a major cause of serious harm and death in newborn infants. The injury affects not only the infant but also impacts heavily on close relatives. They also will need professional assistance. Caring for infant patients with traumatic brain injury is perhaps the most difficult of many professional challenges for nursing staff, requiring both technical and skills and sensitivity to the needs of the relatives. The purpose of this article is to highlight the most important nursing interventions. Objective: The aim of this study was to review recent publications specifically addressing nursing intervention in the care of neonates with traumatic brain injury. Sources and materials: The approach to this article centers on research and review of studies between 2007–2015, from the online sources of Pubmed/Medline, Elsevier, Saunders Medical Center, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, New England Journal of Medicine, The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation and the Journal of Neuroscience. The literature featured in this article refers to nursing intervention in cases of neonates with traumatic brain injury, identified through key words such as: nursing intervention in neurosurgery, nursing intervention in neonates with cranial trauma, head injuries and nursing care, nursing neurological assessment. Results: The most recent studies emphasize that nursing interventions in the case of neonates who have sustained traumatic brain injury should be provided by specially trained persons who have acquired the skills and knowledge within this particular speciality area. Essential to successful outcomes of nursing interventions are frequent training and tutoring sessions where the nurse, in conjunction with the doctor, will be able to find, understand and apply scientifically competent solutions to meet the exact needs of the case. The role of the nurse should follow a personalized plan clearly defined as part of the total care and welfare of the neonate. Conclusions : Successful nursing interventions for the care of neonates with traumatic brain injury include improvement of the neurological status and achieving a better outcome. However, there are few researched facts in the literature that document the detail of the nursing interventions performed. This suggests that further studies of the nature of the nursing interventions are necessary