Contributors: Keith Dear, Kevin Dutton, Elaine Fox
... Data supporting meta-analysis and systematic review of the 'Watching Eyes' effect on anti-social behaviour, accepted for publication in Evolution & Human Behaviour. The paper systematically reviews the eye cue literature noting failed replication attempts, and two meta-analyses which raise doubts about the reproducibility of the watching eyes effect on generosity. However, it also highlights that much of the wider evidence on eye cues has still not been systematically reviewed, notably that which is most relevant to its practical application: the effect of eye cues on antisocial behaviour. Given the evidence of humans' heightened sensitivity to threat and negative information, it is hypothesized that the watching eyes effect would be more consistent on antisocial behaviour. In a meta-analysis of 15 experiments from 13 research papers we find a reduction in the risk of antisocial behaviour of 35% when eye cues are present. By contrast, reviews suggest that CCTV cameras reduce crime by only 16%. Our meta-analytic evidence for a watching eyes effect on antisocial behaviour is sufficient to justify the use of eye cues in the very low-cost and potentially high-impact real-world interventions that are proliferating in public policy, particularly in the UK.
Contributors: Keith Dear, Kevin Dutton, Elaine Fox
... Repository contains files linked with the draft paper Dear, Dutton & Fox (2018), Do ‘Watching Eyes’ Influence Antisocial Behavior? A Systematic Review & Meta-Analysis Authors: Wing Commander Keith Dear, Dr Kevin Dutton, Professor Elaine Fox, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford Address Correspondence to: Wing Commander Keith P Dear, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford. Address: Oxford University Department of Experimental Psychology, Anna Watts Building, Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Woodstock Road, Oxford, OX2 6GG. Phone: 01865 271519 Email: email@example.com Funding This research was funded by the Royal Air Force (Grant Number DDS/44) and United States Air Force (Grant Number: FA9550-16-1-0090) as part of a wider project examining the effect of surveillance on behavior
Contributors: David Puts, Triana Ortiz, Kevin Rosenfield, Lars Penke, Khytam Dawood, Heather Self, Justin Carré, Talia Shirazi
... Dataset for "Hormonal predictors of women's sexual motivation"
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Data for: High consanguinity promotes intergenerational wealth concentration in socioeconomically privileged Krummhörn families of the 18th and 19th centuries
Contributors: Kai P. Willführ, Johannes Johow, Eckart Voland
... # R-Workspace containing two customized functions for plotting, # - grid_arrange_shared_legend taken from: https://github.com/tidyverse/ggplot2/wiki/Share-a-legend-between-two-ggplot2-graphs # - multiplot taken from: http://www.cookbook-r.com/Graphs/Multiple_graphs_on_one_page_%28ggplot2%29/ # # and three data.frames: # - mdat: Raw data of mothers, includimng founder generation (N = 15961, extracted from the Krummhörn pedigree containing 74639 individuals) # - mdat0: Study sample including only mothers with minimum pedigree depth of 4 (N = 6447) # - mdat1: Data set of mothers for which all grandparents of them and their partner(s) are known (N = 2321) # with the variables: # $ momid : num ID of mother # $ incl : num 1 if included in data set of known mothers, otherwise 0 # $ SES : Factor for socioeconomic status (4 levels: "Unknown", "Landless", "small to medium scale farmers", "large scale farmers") # $ minByear : num Birth year of 1st born child # $ maxByear : num Birth year of last born child # $ minDepth : num Pedigree depth as the generation number of known ancestors # $ Fmean : num Inbreeding coefficient F (as calculated by pedigree::calcInbreeding()) # $ cons : num 1 if consanguineous (i.e. F>=0.0156), otherwise 0 # $ cousMarr : num 1 if in 1st cousin marriage (i.e. F~0.0625), otherwise 0 # $ consanguinity : Factor for consanguinity (3 levels: "low (=0.0156)", "high (1st cousins)") # $ docGrasenMean : num Mean number of grasen within a mother's founded families # $ eltnrfGrasenMean : num Number of grasen within the mother's family-of-origin # $ eltnrmGrasenMean : num Mean number of grasen within the mother's partner(s)' family/ies-of-origin # $ mlocal : chr Code of the Kirchspiel, in which the mother was first married # $ decade : Factor fot the decade in which the mother's first marriage occured (28 levels) # $ cross : num 1 if identified as cross-cousin marriage, otherwise 0 # $ paral : num 1 if identified as parallel cousin marriage, otherwise 0
Data for: Going the Distance, Going for Speed: Honest Signaling and the Benefits of Exercising with an Opposite-Sex Partner
Contributors: Michael Baker, Nicole Fox, Mark Nabell, Nicholas Thomas, Heather Sloan, Rachel Utter, Alexandra Hall
... Provided are data sets (in .csv fomat), code sheets (in .xlsx format), and syntax files (in SPSS format) relevant to the manuscript entitled "Going the Distance, Going for Speed: Honest Signaling and the Benefits of Exercising with an Opposite-Sex Partner".
Data for: THE FACE OF ANOTHER: ANONYMITY AND FACIAL SYMMETRY INFLUENCE COOPERATION IN SOCIAL DILEMMAS
Contributors: Enrique Turiegano, Santiago Sanchez-Pages, Claudia Rodriguez-Ruiz
... Data from the article entitled: "THE FACE OF ANOTHER: ANONYMITY AND FACIAL SYMMETRY INFLUENCE COOPERATION IN SOCIAL DILEMMAS". The archive includes data from 176 males including age, facial masculinity, facial fluctuating asymmetry, right hand 2D:4D, and their behavior in different rounds of the Prisoner's dilemma.
Contributors: Zuzana Štěrbová, Karel Kleisner, Petr Tureček
... Plain, tab separated text. Execute read.table("paper_data.txt",sep="\t",header=T) to read data properly in R. Data contain information about eye and hair colour of participant his/her parents and up to 10 long-term and 15 short-term romantic partners. Variable names are self-explanatory.
Data for: The ecological rationality of helping others: Potential helpers integrate cues of recipients’ need and willingness to sacrifice
Contributors: Daniel Sznycer, Tess Robertson, Leda Cosmides, Andrew Delton, John Tooby
Data for: Human vocal behavior within competitive and courtship contexts and its relation to mating success
Contributors: Alexandre Suire, Melissa Barkat-Defradas, Michel Raymond
... Data from the study "Human vocal behavior within competitive and courtship contexts and its relation to mating success"
Contributors: Aleksandra Włodarczyk, Annie Wertz, Claudia Elsner, Alexandra Schmitterer
... Data files from analyses & supplementary videos from the experiment