Dataset supporting "Essential but sparse collagen hydroxylysyl post-translational modifications detected by DNP NMR"
Contributors: Reid, David George, Reid, David
... The zipped file in the repository contains all the NMR data included and discussed in the paper and the electronic supplementary information in Bruker Topspin 3.5 format. It also contains a Word file with details of the names and numbers of each experiment, and which figures this data corresponds to.
Contributors: Decorte, Roeland
... This paper investigates a series of glyptic inscriptions attested on Crete at the end of the third and beginning of the second millennium BC, collectively referred to as the ‘Archanes Script’. These minute engravings are considered to represent the earliest appearance of writing west of Egypt, and the first ‘true’ writing in the Aegean. Though mentioned in passing in almost every study of Bronze Age Aegean writing, few scholars have ever offered a definition of what exactly they consider the ‘Archanes Script’ to be. No work or scholarly consensus exists delineating which signs constitute its signary, or even which documents comprise its corpus. Study of the seals as objects in their own right, examining script signs alongside associated iconography, material qualities and form, has been rare. This paper offers the first complete overview and re-definition of the Archanes Script since its discovery in the 1960s and initial definition by Paul Yule in 1980.
Contributors: Burgess, Stephen
... An astronomer, a physicist and a mathematician are on a train in Scotland. The astronomer looks out of the window, sees a black sheep standing in a field, and remarks, “How odd. All the sheep in Scotland are black!” “No, no, no!” says the physicist. “Only some Scottish sheep are black.” The mathematician rolls his eyes at his companions’ muddled thinking and says, “In Scotland, there is at least one sheep, at least one side of which appears to be black from here some of the time”.
Contributors: Allwood, Julian, Green, Julius, Tomic, Oggi
... What does knife-throwing, stunt-bikes and shopping trolleys have to do with engineering? Our world around us is full of metal objects, from the shopping trolley at the supermarket, to the delivery van, to the aircraft that transports goods and people around the globe. Things that we use every day without question have been developed through years of applying engineering science to the way we shape the metal used. The ICTP 2017 film takes you on an exciting journey of metal shaping history, with a bit of fun along the way. Keep watching to see the stunt bikes, the knife-throwing and maybe even some pole dancing! There is still much work to do to create better products and better ways of using them, and along the way inventing new ones. We are not done yet; and if you are interested in engineering, we hope this film will inspire you to take the next steps on your journey to becoming an engineer.
How deceptive are microstructures in granitic rocks? Answers from integrated physical theory, phase equilibrium, and direct observations
Contributors: Holness, Marian Barbara, Clemens, John, Vernon, Ron
... In this contribution, we address the vexed question of the extent to which microstructures in granitic rocks reflect their igneous histories or have been masked by later events. Previous works have tended to address the problem either using theoretical or modelling considerations, or by interpretation of observed microstructures. Here we use an approach that integrates the theory of microstructural development and the results of experimental phase-equilibrium studies with direct observation of natural examples on a variety of scales. We show that the predictions of the theoretical and experimental approaches agree perfectly with the mesoscopic and microscopic evidence from granitic rocks themselves. Our conclusion is that although, in many cases, granitic rock microstructures have been modified by near-solidus reactions and crystallisation, in the absence of tectonic deformation the fundamental elements of their igneous heritage remain intact. This means that it is perfectly in order to infer aspects of crystallisation sequences, magmatic reactions and magma flow through careful microstructural observations. Thus, our answer to the question of how deceptive granitic textures are is, in most instances, ‘not very’. However, some undeformed plutons have undergone fluid-driven alteration, and others have been affected by contact metamorphism. Thus, each case should be examined on its own merits.
Career-Building across the Oceans in the Eighteenth Century: A Review of Marie-Christine Skuncke's Carl Peter Thunberg: Botanist and Physician
Contributors: Kroupa, Sebestian
... Carl Peter Thunberg (1743–1828): Botanist and Physician is a thoroughly researched and engagingly written account of the career of this prominent Apostle of Linnaeus, best known for his work on South African and Japanese flora. This beautifully illustrated book is arranged chronologically and subdivided into geographically distinctive chapters, as we accompany Thunberg on his voyage across half the world and find out what was involved in building a successful career in medicine and botany. Having been trained under Carl Linnaeus in Uppsala, Thunberg was invited in 1771, upon recommendation of his mentor, to travel to Japan and collect specimens for Dutch botanical gardens. In the same year, Thunberg signed up as a surgeon with the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and embarked on an eight-year long journey which took him to South Africa, Java, Japan and Ceylon. Following Thunberg on his travels, Skuncke masterfully uses an individual biography as a keyhole through which to capture the cross-cultural encounters in different parts of the globe, in which Thunberg was involved. In a distinct move away from Eurocentric narratives of great men of science, rather than on Thunberg himself the author focuses on the network he built and the actors involved. Skuncke’s meticulous reconstruction of the relations of power and patronage within Thunberg’s network highlights that his skills in network-building were at least as important as his intellectual abilities in paving a successful career, which culminated shortly after his return to Europe with a professorship in Medicine and Natural Philosophy at his alma mater.
Contributors: Teleti, Praveen, Rees, William Gareth, Dowdeswell, Julian, Wilkinson, Clive
... We have created a readily accessible, standardised and quality checked IMMA-compliant dataset of meteorological observations from the Southern Ocean. Each record contains a number of positional, meteorological and meta-data parameters found in the Christian Salvesen Co. whaling logbooks of the 1930s and 1950s. All data points were passed through statistical tests to flag and correct erroneous values. The dataset is made available in csv file format. For further details on the field naming conventions, units and codes of various parameters, please see IMMA report (http://icoads.noaa.gov/e-doc/imma/R3.0-imma1_short.pdf)
Contributors: Franci, A, Sepulchre, Rodolphe Juan
... © 2016 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. We study spatio-temporal bursting in a three-scale reaction diffusion equation organized by the winged cusp singularity. For large time-scale separation the model exhibits traveling bursts, whereas for large space-scale separation the model exhibits standing bursts. Both behaviors exhibit a common singular skeleton, whose geometry is fully determined by persistent bifurcation diagrams of the winged cusp. The modulation of spatio-temporal bursting in such a model naturally translates into paths in the universal unfolding of the winged cusp.
A quantitative comparison of in-line coating thickness distributions obtained from a pharmaceutical tablet mixing process using discrete element method and terahertz pulsed imaging
Contributors: Pei, Chunlei, Lin, H, Markl, D, Shen, YC, Zeitler, Jochen Axel, Elliott, James Arthur
... The application of terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI) in the in-line configuration to monitor the coating thickness distribution of pharmaceutical tablets has the potential to improve the performance and quality of the spray coating process. In this study, an in-line TPI method is used to measure coating thickness distributions on pre-coated tablets during mixing in a rotating pan, and compared with results obtained numerically using the discrete element method (DEM) combined with a ray-tracing technique. The hit rates (i.e. the number of successful coating thickness measurements per minute) obtained from both terahertz in-line experiments and the DEM/ray-tracing simulations are in good agreement, and both increase with the number of baffles in the mixing pan. We demonstrate that the coating thickness variability as determined from the ray-traced data and the terahertz in-line measurements represents mainly the intra-tablet variability due to relatively uniform mean coating thickness across tablets. The mean coating thickness of the ray-traced data from the numerical simulations agrees well with the mean coating thickness as determined by the off-line TPI measurements. The mean coating thickness of in-line TPI measurements is slightly higher than that of off-line measurements. This discrepancy can be corrected based on the cap-to-band surface area ratio of the tablet and the cap-to-band sampling ratio obtained from ray-tracing simulations: the corrected mean coating thickness of the in-line TPI measurements shows a better agreement with that of off-line measurements.
Contributors: Lieu, Judith Margaret
... © 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston 2017. That Marcion's authoritative texts were a form of the canonical Gospel of Luke and a Pauline corpus is well established, yet the relationship between these is far less certain. Although it is widely assumed that Marcion identified or authorised his gospel through a reading of Paul's defence of his gospel in Gal 1-2, this relies heavily on Tertullian who is driven by his own rhetoric and agenda. Tracing the different defences by Irenaeus and Tertullian of the authority of the gospel and of conflict between Paul and Peter alerts us to the complex negotiations involved in the textualization of the early Christian message, and in the attempts to hold together the Pauline revolution and the remembering of Jesus traditions. Marcion represents a different stage in this process, and although we can reconstruct for him a narrative, it is one which is fragmentary and remains allusive. Contemporary attempts to get beyond the rhetoric and special pleading must always be sensitive to the ideological framing that has accompanied narratives of the past from the start.