Contributors: Schaner, Simone
... This paper uses a field experiment to test whether intrahousehold heterogeneity in discount factors leads to inefficient strategic savings behavior. I gave married couples in rural Kenya the opportunity to open both joint and individual bank accounts at randomly assigned interest rates. I also directly elicited discount factors for all individuals in the experiment. Couples who are well matched on discount factors are less likely to use costly individual accounts and respond robustly to relative rates of return between accounts, while their poorly matched peers do not. Consequently, poorly matched couples forgo significantly more interest earnings on their savings.
Contributors: Baldwin, Kate, Karlan, Dean, Udry, Christopher, Appiah, Ernest
... The “community-based development” approach may empower citizens and improve outcomes through three mechanisms: (1) an immediate direct effect of engaging citizens to decide how to allocate resources within the community-based development program, (2) an indirect effect on community organization that improves citizen engagement with other local institutions, and (3) an indirect effect on community organization that improves representation within centralized government structures. Using a randomized evaluation of a nongovernmental-organization-led CBD program in Ghana, we examine whether community-based development results in citizens’ empowerment to improve their socioeconomic well-being through these mechanisms. We find that the leadership training and experiences associated with community-based development translate into higher perceived quality of village leaders, but they simultaneously decrease contributions to collective projects outside the context of the community-based development program. In addition, although the process encourages more people to run for district-level office and results in more professional political representation, it does not increase aggregate levels of government investment in communities. Ultimately, we find that although the program led to changes in village-level and district-level leadership, it did not increase investment in public goods and did not improve socio-economic outcomes.
Contributors: Pettigrew, Stephen
... November 2016 county-level election returns for president, Senate, US House, and governor elections in each state.
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Radiocarbon dates, sedimentology, and pollen counts from the late Holocene sediments of Oblong Tarn, Mount Kenya
Contributors: Courtney Mustaphi, Colin, Gajewski, Konrad, Marchant, Rob, Rosqvist, Gunhild
... Cores of the sediments from Oblong Tarn, Mount Kenya, were collected in 1983 and 1986, and were conventional radiocarbon dated to examine late Holocene glacier history of the mountain. Subsequently pollen samples were taken from both cores to create a composite pollen record.
Contributors: Boston College. Center for Retirement Research
... To see how the recent financial downturn affected workers nearing retirement, the Center for Retirement Research commissioned an Internet survey of 1,317 working Americans between the ages of 45 and 59. This survey was conducted by Knowledge Networks during July and August 2009 using their nationally representative panel. A subsample of 358 individuals who had at least $50,000 in pre-downturn retirement assets and experienced a loss of at least 10%, were asked to respond to four additional questions measuring the effect of financial literacy. The survey addressed a wide range of factors that could influence workers' response to the downturn, including socio-economic, financial, employment, and behavioral characteristics.
Contributors: Boston College. Center for Retirement Research
... To see if attitudes are changing about the potential for using one's home to cover living expenses in retirement, the Center for Retirement Research commissioned a survey that examined the house as a potential source of retirement income. Harris Interactive® conducted the study online within the United States between January 24 and February 2, 2007 among 2,673 adults (aged 50-65). Figures for age, sex, race, education, household income, and region were weighted where necessary to bring them into line with their actual proportions in the population. Propensity score weighting was also used to adjust for respondents’ propensity to be online. The questionnaire, results, and raw data from both surveys are available.
Harmonized Male/Female and Urban/Rural Subnational Expenditure, Poverty, and Inequality Indicators at 2011 PPP $1.90/day and $3.10/day for Africa South of the Sahara
... Subnational poverty headcount ratios were derived from 66 nationally representative household surveys and population census information conducted in various years around 2008 for 26 countries. Our poverty calculations are based on the comparison between the household per-capita consumption expenditure (a synthetic indicator expressing the money-metric welfare utility level) and the $1.90 and $3.10/day poverty lines expressed in international equivalent purchasing power parity (PPP) dollars in 2011. Poverty headcount with standard deviation, gap, severity, and Gini index are also provided.
Replication Data for: Does Direct Democracy Increase Communicative Responsiveness? A Field Experiment with Swiss Politicians
Contributors: Lloren, Anouk
... Replication Data for: Does Direct Democracy Increase Communicative Responsiveness? A Field Experiment with Swiss Politicians (2017-1-5)
Contributors: Dupas, Pascaline
... This paper tests the effects on the take-up of a preventative health product of two interventions based on behavioral models derived from psychology: varying the framing of the perceived benefits; and having people verbally commit to purchase the product. I find that none of these interventions had a significant effect (whether economically or statistically) on take-up, and that the gender of the household member targeted was also irrelevant. In contrast, I find that take-up is sensitive to price, as in Cohen and Dupas (2008), and is correlated with indicators of household’s wealth.
The Agassiz’s Desert Tortoise Genome Provides a Resource for the Conservation of a Threatened Species
Contributors: Tollis, Marc
... These data are associate with the following manuscript: The Agassiz’s Desert Tortoise Genome Provides a Resource for the Conservation of a Threatened Species Tollis M, DeNardo DF, Cornelius JA, Dolby GA, Edwards T, Henen BT, Karl AE, Murphy RW, Kusumi K