Replication Data for: Which Matters Most: Party Strategic Exit or Voter Strategic Voting? A Laboratory Experiment
Contributors: Bol, Damien, Blais, André, Labbé St-Vincent, Simon
... There is abundant empirical evidence that the plurality rule constrains party competition and favors two-party systems. This reduction of party system fragmentation may be due to parties deciding not to enter elections for which they are not viable and/or voters voting strategically. Yet no prior research has attempted to estimate the respective role of parties and voters in this process. To fill this gap, we conducted a unique laboratory experiment where some subjects played the role of parties and others played the role of voters, and where the two were able to respond to each other just as in real-life elections. We find that the reduction due to party strategic exit is higher than that due to strategic voting. We conclude that parties play a key role in the effect of the plurality rule on party system fragmentation.
Uganda (2015): Monitoring Equity and Quality of Care for Family planning services at Profam in Uganda. Round .
Contributors: Kaula, Henry, Buyungo, Peter
... In 2008, PACE started the Womenâs Health Program (WHP), a reproductive health program that focuses on provision of long term methods (LTM) of family planning and provision of post abortion care (PAC) services. WHP aims to ensure women of reproductive age from various socio economic strata have access to these services whenever they need them. The study aims to understand whether the Profam franchise is providing equitable access to services. Using a client exit approach, the study will determine whether these outlets are reaching people that are marginalized and less able than others to access health services.
Contributors: Khim Sotheary
... Client satisfaction is known to impact several aspects of client behavior: intention return to a facility, intention to recommend a facility to others, and adherence to provider's advice. By using satisfaction as a proxy for clients’ future intentions, program and research teams can use results from this questionnaire to flag areas that need improvement in PSI facilities. This survey was conducted among female clients who have received any FP service/counseling at a SQHN provider. Clients were approached and asked informed consent for an interview immediately after they left from the facility.
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Contributors: Kosimov, Sherzod
... Project reports and related publications
Contributors: Qodax, Aden, Kays Megan
... Since the launch of the programs, PSI/Somaliland has been promoting Water Treatment (BiyoSifeeye), Birth spacing (Nasiye products) and Diarrheal Treatment (Shuban-Daweeye) products and life saving behaviours (i.e. health facility delivery, Antenatal care, Infant and Young child feeding practices) through a variety of channels, such as mass media (national TV and radio channels), peer education, community-theatre, interpersonal communication, information, education and communication (IEC) materials, including outdoor advertising and special events. This study measured media consumption habits of Somali women as well as their recall of PSI messaging.
Thailand (2014): HIV/AIDS TRaC Study among Transgenders in Pattaya, Sattahip and Sriracha. Second Round.
Contributors: Duangta Pawa, Yaowalak Jittakoat, Gary Mundy
... This study is the second round of the Tracking Results Continuously (TRaC) survey among transgenders. The purpose of the TRaC survey is to provide evidence for monitoring and implementation of PSI/Thailand's HIV prevention program. Information from this study will be used to develop behavior change communication interventions for HIV prevention including branding, key messages, and/or campaigns for condom use, lubricant use, and HIV and STI testing. The study population for this TRaC were transgender women in Pattaya, Sattahip and Sriracha, aged 18-35. Time-location sampling was used to recruit this hard-to-reach group, and a structured questionnaire designed in tablet was used to collect data. Coarsened Exact Matching (CEM) was used to match treated individuals with those in a control group, based on specific covariates, in order to estimate the effect of treatment on the behavioral outcomes of interest.
Kenya (2013-2014) Insights into Potential Users and Messaging for HIV Oral Self-Test Kits in Kenya. Round 1
Contributors: PSI, Kenya, PSI, Kenya
... The National AIDS & STI Control Programme has a policy framework on HIV oral self-testing but the policy guidelines are yet to be adopted in the country as there is inadequate information on whether their use would be acceptable and if so, who is likely to seek oral HIV self-testing, what are the incentives of different types of individuals to self-test, what messaging and other methods might be effective for increasing the acceptability and demand for self-tests, particularly among groups th at this approach might want to target. PSI implemented a cross-sectional exploratory study to identify populations most likely to access oral HIV self-test kits and associated incentives for self-testing. The data will also explore how this information can inform the development of messages and other relevant approaches to increase demand for oral HIV self-testing among potential consumers. The main objective of this study is to inform the design and implementation of pilot projects to increase the use of HIV oral self-testing in Kenya. This will involve identifying factors associated with potential uptake of HIV self-testing among the general and key population groups. The specific aims are to: 1) Determine likely users of oral HIV self-test kits among the general population and key populations at risk in urban and rural settings; 2) Identify incentives for using oral HIV self-test kits among the general population and key populations at risk in urban and rural settings; 3) Identify and test key messages and approaches to increase demand and use of oral HIV self-test kits. A mixed method study that includes of a quantitative component [a closed-ended questionnaire survey] and a qualitative component [an open-ended questionnaire interviews] with individuals from the community is proposed. The study groups will be as follows: 1) General population women (18-49 years) and men (18-49 years; 2) Key population groups FSW (18-49 years) and MSM (18-49 years)
Vietnam (2013): TRaC behavioral survey among female sex workers and female sex workers who inject drugs in 7 provinces of Vietnam. Round 3.
Contributors: Chi, Le Thi Linh, Neukom, Josselyn
... The 2012 SW & SW-IDU Behavioral Survey is the third and final round of this survey conducted by the USAID Social Marketing for HIV Prevention Project with USAID/PEPFAR support. Research objectives include to monitor changes in risk reduction behaviors and factors associated with key behavioral indicators over time, as outlined in PMEP, to evaluate correlation between project coverage and changes in key PMEP behavioral and determinant indicators, to provide data/evidence to support the Low Dead S pace (LDS) syringe SM pilot, and to inform total market approach programming. Study respondents were recruited through RDS to facilitate reach of hidden SWs. A structured questionnaire was used, estimated to take 30-45 minutes to complete for each participant
Madagascar (2009): FoQus on Marketing Planning - Developing a positioning statement for Protector Plus
Contributors: PSI Research
... Designing the concept for a social marketing activity requires familiarity with the target audience and the context in which behavior change takes place. This study aims to gather data useful for designing the following eight elements of the concept for Protector Plus aimed at Malagasy men 25-44 years old, users and non users of Protector Plus. Photo narratives will be used to collect data for its ease of use and the richness of data produced when photos accompany narratives This study will be conducted in all Tana among different categories of men aged 25 - 44.
Nicaragua (2010-2011): Estudio TRaC de DIU y Metodos Anticonceptivos Modernos en Mujeres de Edad Reproductiva de los Departamentos de Managua, Chinandega, Chontales, Esteli, Jonitega, RAAN, MAsaya, RAAS y Matagalpa. Primera ronda.
Contributors: PSI Research
... Este estudio es la primera ronda de una encuesta TRaC para el proyecto de Salud de la Mujer (WHP). Los objetivos principales son: 1) medir el nivel de percepciones/actitudes/creencias sobre el DIU; 2) conocer los factores de oportunidad, habilidad y motivacion (OHM) asociados al uso de metodos anticonceptivos modernos y del DIU; y 3) medir el nivel de satisfaccion con los servicios de proveedores certificados de PASMO (Panamerican Social Marketing Organization), entre mujeres usuarias de dichos servicios. La encuesta se dividio en 2 tipos de muestra. La primera muestra se levantoentre noviembre-diciembre 2010 y tuvo por objetivo medir el nivel de percepciones/actitudes/creencias sobre el DIU en las areas de influencia del programa: cabeceras municipales de Managua, Chinandega, Chontales, Esteli, Jinotega, RAAN, Masaya, RAAS y Matagalpa.