Replication Data for: Which Matters Most: Party Strategic Exit or Voter Strategic Voting? A Laboratory Experiment
Contributors: Bol, Damien, Blais, André, Labbé St-Vincent, Simon
... There is abundant empirical evidence that the plurality rule constrains party competition and favors two-party systems. This reduction of party system fragmentation may be due to parties deciding not to enter elections for which they are not viable and/or voters voting strategically. Yet no prior research has attempted to estimate the respective role of parties and voters in this process. To fill this gap, we conducted a unique laboratory experiment where some subjects played the role of parties and others played the role of voters, and where the two were able to respond to each other just as in real-life elections. We find that the reduction due to party strategic exit is higher than that due to strategic voting. We conclude that parties play a key role in the effect of the plurality rule on party system fragmentation.
Contributors: Crabtree, Jonathan
... Documentation and data for the IASSIST 2016 Workshop
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Uganda (2015): Monitoring Equity and Quality of Care for Family planning services at Profam in Uganda. Round .
Contributors: Kaula, Henry, Buyungo, Peter
... In 2008, PACE started the Womenâs Health Program (WHP), a reproductive health program that focuses on provision of long term methods (LTM) of family planning and provision of post abortion care (PAC) services. WHP aims to ensure women of reproductive age from various socio economic strata have access to these services whenever they need them. The study aims to understand whether the Profam franchise is providing equitable access to services. Using a client exit approach, the study will determine whether these outlets are reaching people that are marginalized and less able than others to access health services.
Contributors: Khim Sotheary
... Client satisfaction is known to impact several aspects of client behavior: intention return to a facility, intention to recommend a facility to others, and adherence to provider's advice. By using satisfaction as a proxy for clients’ future intentions, program and research teams can use results from this questionnaire to flag areas that need improvement in PSI facilities. This survey was conducted among female clients who have received any FP service/counseling at a SQHN provider. Clients were approached and asked informed consent for an interview immediately after they left from the facility.
Contributors: Barona, Elizabeth, Guevara, Edward, Hyman, Glenn
... This data set characterizes dryland systems and cereal and legume crops (Hyman et al., 2016). The data is a subset of a larger data set that characterizes the farming systems of John Dixon’s global farming systems framework and map (Dixon et al., 2001; Barona and Hyman, 2016). The data subset focuses on the following crops: chickpea, common bean, cowpea, faba bean, groundnut, lentils, pigeon pea, soybean, barley, pearl millet, small millet and sorghum. The geographic unit of analysis is a combination of 63 farming systems and 250 countries, for a total of 544 spatial units. For each of these units, data has been compiled on crop area, crop yield, crop production, population, poverty, drought, heat, soil conditions and other information.
Contributors: Potosky, Arnold L., Moinpour, Carol
... MY-Health is a cross sectional study where a population-based sample of 5,500 adult cancer patients were be recruited for a mailed survey (with telephone follow-up of non-responders) to evaluate the equivalence of PROMIS measures across socio-demographic and clinical sub-groups. Patients diagnosed with any of seven cancers were eligible (female breast cancer, uterine and cervical cancers, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, non- small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma) to ensure a wide age range of adults (ages 21-84) with varying treatment experiences and potential symptoms. MY-Health focused on seven domains that are important to cancer outcomes and that are relevant to other chronic diseases: pain, depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance, fatigue, social function, and physical function. Since MY-Health is a “validation” study focusing on minorities and the underserved, racial/ethnic minorities drawn from 4 registries in 3 states (California, New Jersey, Louisiana) were oversampled Study Aims Use item-response theory (analysis of Differential Item Function (DIF)) to evaluate the measurement properties of PROMIS item banks across age and race/ethnic groups from a population-based sample of cancer patients. Evaluate the ability of PROMIS measures to detect differences in population-based patient outcomes across age, race-ethnicity, and cancer sub-groups defined by type, stage/severity, comorbidity, treatments, and disease phase (known-groups, construct validity). Evaluate the responsiveness of measures to detect clinically meaningful changes in selected health-related quality of life domains. To estimate cancer-specific population norms by patient age, severity, and other clinically important characteristics.
Contributors: Mbow, Cheikh; Neufeldt, Henry; Ouedraogo, Issa; Toure, Ibrahim
... The Building Biocarbon and Rural Development in West Africa Programme aims to demonstrate the multiple developmental and environmental wins that result from a high value biocarbon approach to climate change and variability in large landscapes principally in Mali, Sierra Leone and Guinea. The Programme will also build local institutions and capacity to be able to sustain the benefits in the sites and will establish linkages with related initiatives to jointly build national and regional capacity to scale up the approaches into other programmes and projects. The themes of the Programme are very closely linked to Finland's international development priorities and are closely aligned with the priorities expressed in its national poverty reduction and climate change adaptation strategies. Furthermore, the Programme aims to generate critical information that can fill the global knowledge gaps on how to better link climate change mitigation and adaptation thrusts and how to make these actions work effectively to enhance the livelihoods of rural communities. (2015)
Contributors: Qodax, Aden, Kays Megan
... Since the launch of the programs, PSI/Somaliland has been promoting Water Treatment (BiyoSifeeye), Birth spacing (Nasiye products) and Diarrheal Treatment (Shuban-Daweeye) products and life saving behaviours (i.e. health facility delivery, Antenatal care, Infant and Young child feeding practices) through a variety of channels, such as mass media (national TV and radio channels), peer education, community-theatre, interpersonal communication, information, education and communication (IEC) materials, including outdoor advertising and special events. This study measured media consumption habits of Somali women as well as their recall of PSI messaging.
Contributors: Vujcic, Jelena
... The goal of this study is to gain better understanding of the feasibility of employing rigorous methods to measure and evaluate handwashing behavior for future evaluations. While piloting these methods, we also aimed to describe differences in handwashing behavior, knowledge, perceptions, exposure to handwashing messages between a community that received the Sunlight Villages pilot program and an unexposed comparison community. We implemented a one-time cross-sectional survey and direct behavioral observations in one purposively selected intervention community and one purposively selected comparison community approximately 6 weeks after the Sunlight Villages pilot. Trained data collectors recruited female primary caregivers with at least 1 child less than 5 years old. In a subset of households, we conducted structured observations to directly observe handwashing behavior at critical events.