Replication Data for: Which Matters Most: Party Strategic Exit or Voter Strategic Voting? A Laboratory Experiment
Contributors: Bol, Damien, Blais, André, Labbé St-Vincent, Simon
... There is abundant empirical evidence that the plurality rule constrains party competition and favors two-party systems. This reduction of party system fragmentation may be due to parties deciding not to enter elections for which they are not viable and/or voters voting strategically. Yet no prior research has attempted to estimate the respective role of parties and voters in this process. To fill this gap, we conducted a unique laboratory experiment where some subjects played the role of parties and others played the role of voters, and where the two were able to respond to each other just as in real-life elections. We find that the reduction due to party strategic exit is higher than that due to strategic voting. We conclude that parties play a key role in the effect of the plurality rule on party system fragmentation.
Contributors: Crabtree, Jonathan
... Documentation and data for the IASSIST 2016 Workshop
Contributors: Tatcha Apichaisiri, ohn Hetherington
... 1) To gain comprehensive and detailed data for informing PSI's interventions with transgenders; 2) To segment the population according to consistent condom use with regular partners, consistent condom use with casual partners, and consistent water-based lubricant use; 3) To identify key determinants (OAM Opportunity, Ability and Motivation) associated with each behavior; and 4) To obtain baseline information for monitoring key indicators, behavior change, OAM determinants, and exposure to PSI Thailand's interventions. Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS) was used to collect data from 400 transgenders aged 15-35 in Pattaya. For inclusion in the study, transgenders must have been living in Pattaya for at least three months and work or socialize in hot zones, which are in North, Central and South Pattaya, at least three nights a week. The self-administered questionnaire covered demographic information, sexual behavior, condom and lubricant use, OAM determinants, and exposure to PSI's interventions. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify significant determinants of condom and water-based lubricant use. Simple frequencies were run on descriptive data to complete the monitoring table.
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Thailand (2005): HIV/AIDS TRaC Study among Injecting Drug Users in Bangkok, Chiang Mai, and Chiang Rai First Round
Contributors: Montira Inkochasan, John Hetherington
... Tracking surveys serve as tools to inform programming by routinely collecting data from cross-sections of populations at risk for HIV/AIDS and other adverse health outcomes. This survey among injecting drug users (IDUs) aimed to: 1) identify and describe segments of the population in terms of needle sharing at last injection; 2) understand the needle sharing behaviors of IDUs; 3) explore the sexual behaviors and condom use of IDUs; and 4) apply study findings to interventions designed for reducing the risk of HIV transmission from needle sharing among IDUs. Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS) was used to collect data among 339 IDUs aged 15 to 45 who live or work in urban areas in Bangkok, Muang Chiang Mai District, and Muang Chiang Rai District. A screening questionnaire and main questionnaire served as survey tools. The questionnaire collected information on background characteristics, opinions about needle-sharing practices, personal drug use and sharing practices, beliefs and knowledge about HIV infection, sexual practices and condom use, and exposure to PSI products and services. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify significant factors associated with needle sharing. Simple frequencies were run on descriptive data to permit monitoring of project indicators.
El Salvador (2012): Monitoring HIV healthy behavior trends among men who have sex with men and determining the factors associated with them in San Salvador y Santa Ana.
Contributors: Nieto-Andrade Benjamin, Alvarenga Fredy, Rivas Sierra, Jorge, Saucier Kristin
... 1. GOAL OF THE TRaC STUDY Evidence from this study will be used to evaluate and improve current communication campaigns and their effect on the target population of Male who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Trans (transgender, transsexual, transvestite). It will also help design new activities directed to them by determining factors associated with healthy key behaviors. 2. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES Measure change and monitor progress on the objectives of USAID's Combination Prevention for PASMO and PEPFAR's Gender Enhanced complementing approach. Determine the preliminary impact of PASMOs interventions among MSM Validate factors that have been usually associated with the desired behavior: consistent condom use with all male partners in the last month. Set a baseline for the Opportunity, Abi lity and Motivation (OAM) factors in which the program will work for the next two years
Nigeria (2013): Qualitative Study Evaluating Drivers and Barriers to Consistent Condom Use Among Female Sex Workers in Nigeria.
Contributors: Onoriode Ezire, Joseph INUNGU
... Sub-Saharan Africa remains the epicenter of the HIV/AIDS epidemic with Nigeria ranked second after South Africa in the number of people living with HIV/AIDS. The Society for Family Health (SFH) initiated the Strengthening HIV Prevention Services (SHiPS) program to improve the health of people by reducing the prevalence of HIV among those most at-risk and vulnerable to HIV. The researchers reviewed all literature related to the region and topic of focus, as well as conducted interviews and focus groups to collect qualitative data from respondents. The respondents included in this study were IDUs, MSM, and FSW aged 18-49 years of age collected using a snow balling sampling method. The ultimate objective of this study was to generate relevant information about the determinants of the behaviours exhibited by most at-risk populations, contexts under which they practice these behaviours and their value systems, with the aim of providing evidence for improved programming.
Replication data for: Setting the Agenda: Responsible Party Government in the US House of Representatives
Contributors: Gary W. Cox, Mathew D. McCubbins
... Scholars of the U.S. House disagree over the importance of political parties in organizing the legislative process. On the one hand, non-partisan theories stress how congressional organization serves members' non-partisan goals. On the other hand, partisan theories argue that the House is organized to serve the collective interests of the majority party. This book advances a partisan theory and presents a series of empirical tests of that theory's predictions (pitted against others). The evidence demonstrates that the majority party seizes agenda control at nearly every stage of the legislative process in order to prevent bills that the party dislikes from reaching the floor.