Undergraduate Industrial and Product Design Pedagogy and the History Curriculum: How We Teach History to Practitioners in Training
Contributors: Von Koenig, Gretchen Alana
... Master of Arts in the History of Design and Curatorial Studies
Contributors: Thompson, Keri, Schmitz Fuhrig, Lynda, Stern, Beth, Zwicker, Susan
... The Research Data Management Program Pilot (RDMPP) was a six-month focused effort to devise and model a programmatic, sustainable approach to managing research data at the Smithsonian. The pilot included staff from the Smithsonian Libraries (SIL), Smithsonian Archives (SIA), and the Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO). The primary deliverable of the pilot is this report, which includes detailed recommendations on what technical infrastructure to adopt; what services to offer; how to structure a RDM program; and draft policies and best practices. The recommendations in this report are distilled from previous SI studies related to research data, interviews with SI researchers, a review of comparable policies and programs at Federal agencies and Universities, and a review of current literature around RDM. Specifics for implementation are provided in the appendices.
Contributors: Muros, Vanessa, Little, Nicole C., Lin, Yuan, Boehnke, Patrick, Owczarek, Nina, Gleeson, Molly, Grant, Lynn A.
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Cultural Heritage and the Technology of Culture: Finding the Nature of Illumination in Libraries and Museums
Contributors: Kalfatovic, Martin R.
Contributors: Martins, Ananda Regina Pereira, Duarte, Marcelo, Robbins, Robert K.
... This paper provides the first phylogenetic classification of the Atlides Section (Lycaenidae: Theclinae, Eumaeini). It is based on a recently published morphological phylogenetic study, in which the Atlides Section proved to be monophyletic in all analyses. In particular, that study identified a hindwing cleft anal lobe in all members of the Atlides Section that is lacking in all other Eumaeini (except for some species of Panthiades Hübner). The included genera are Theritas Hübner; Arcas Swainson; Lucilda d'Abrera & Bálint; Pseudolycaena Wallengren; Brangas Hübner; Atlides Hübner; and Denivia K. Johnson. Each is characterized by synapomorphies. Margaritheclus Bálint and Dabreras Bálint are new generic synonyms of Lucilda and Brangas, respectively. We recognize 71 species. Distribution and habitat are provided for each, and nomenclature is updated. Atlides centralis Salazar & Henao is a new synonym of Atlides browni Constantino, Salazar & K. Johnson; Brangas contrastus Bálint is a new synonym of Brangas felderi (Goodson); Denivia grava Bálint, K. Johnson & Kroenlein is a new synonym of Denivia deniva (Hewitson); Denivia ponsanota Bálint, K. Johnson & Kroenlein is a new synonym of Atlides zava (Hewitson); Denivia striata Bálint, K. Johnson & Kroenlein is a new synonym of Atlides zava (Hewitson); Margaritheclus boliboyeri Bálint & Wojtusiak is a new synonym of Margaritheclus boliboyerus Bálint & Wojtusiak; and Theritas gozmanyi Bálint & Wojtusiak is a new synonym of Theritas paupera (C. Felder & R. Felder). New combinations are Lucilda margaritacea (Draudt), Lucilda danaus (C. Felder & R. Felder), Lucilda dabrerus (Bálint), Lucilda boliboyerus (Bálint & Wojtusiak), Denivia curitabaensis (K. Johnson), Denivia augustinula (Goodson), Denivia theocritus (Fabricius), Denivia augustula (W.F. Kirby), Denivia arene (Goodson), Denivia monica (Hewitson), Denivia hemon (Cramer), Denivia phegeus (Hewitson), Denivia acontius (Goodson), Denivia chaluma (Schaus), Denivia viresco (H.H. Druce), Denivia silma (Martins, Faynel & Robbins), and Denivia lisus (Stoll).
Contributors: Anderson, William D., Johnson, G. David, Nonaka, Ai
... The family Callanthiidae contains two genera, Grammatonotus (with ten nominal and a few putative species) and Callanthias (the Splendid Perches, with seven species). We provide characters that distinguish callanthiids from other percoids and that distinguish Grammatonotus from Callanthias. Also provided are descriptions of Grammatonotus and its species, a key to the species of Grammatonotus, and comments on other aspects of the biology of Grammatonotus.
Contributors: Xu, Wenjing, Huang, Qiongyu, Stabach, Jared, Buho, Hoshino, Leimgruber, Peter
... Wildlife crossings are designed to mitigate barrier effects of transportation infrastructure on wildlife movement. Most efforts in evaluating crossing efficiency focus on counting animal use. However, crossings placed at suboptimal locations may alter animals' natural movement pattern and decrease population fitness, which cannot be reflected solely by counts of animal use. The long-distance migration of Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is directly affected by the Qinghai-Tibet Railway (QTR). Using the Wubei wildlife underpass along the QTR, we evaluated how underpass placement affects migration routes and decreases movement efficiency. We calculated the net-squared displacement of each animal to identify migration segments (wintering, calving, and migrating) based on Argos tracking data. We used two corridor modeling methods to identify optimal routes that theoretically require less energy to travel between seasonal habitats. We calculated the distance from actual migration routes recorded by Argos to the modelled optimal routes. We found that antelopes stray farther away from the optimal routes as they approach Wubei, indicating that animals have to deviate from their optimal migration pathway to access the railway underpass. On average, antelopes prolong their migration distance by 86.19 km (SEM = 17.29 km) in order to access the underpass. Our study suggests crossing location can affect animal migrations even if structures facilitate animal crossing. To better conserve long-distance migrations, long-term studies using tracking data which evaluate optimal migration routes are needed. We suggest considering the location and structural characteristics in designing and improving wildlife crossings, which do not only facilitate utilization, but also optimize animal movement processes such as migration.
The Soldier Beetles and False Soldier Beetles (Coleoptera: Cantharidae and Omethidae) of the George Washington Memorial Parkway
Contributors: Steury, Brent W., Steiner, Warren E., Jr., Shockley, Floyd W.
... A 13-year field survey, and a review of collections maintained at the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, rendered a total of 37 cantharid species in four subfamilies, and one species of omethid beetle, from a national park site (George Washington Memorial Parkway) in Virginia. Twenty species are reported for the first time from the Commonwealth. Malaise traps proved to be the most successful capture methods of the five methods employed during the survey. Periods of adult activity, based on dates of capture, are given for each species. Relative abundance is noted for each species based on the number of captures. Notes on morphological characteristics and habitats are given for some species. A new form of Dichelotarsus vernalis (Green) is described along with the female of Polemius limbatus LeConte. An eastward range extension of 644 km (400 mi) is documented for Trypherus pauperculus Fender. Images of the dorsal habitus or male genitalia are provided for nine species.
Data Repository for "Evolution of escarpments, pediments, and plains in the Noachian highlands of Mars"
Contributors: Irwin, Rossman P., III, Cawley, Jon C., Irwin, Rossman P., III
... This data repository contains Mars Odyssey Thermal Emission Imaging System base mosaics (592.75 pixels/degree), Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter gridded topography (128 pixels/degree), and ArcGIS polygon shapefiles for Cawley, J. C., & Irwin, R. P., III (2018). Evolution of escarpments, pediments, and plains in the Noachian highlands of Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 123, 3167â 3187. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JE005681.