Contributors: Karcher, Kathryn, Lemieux, Scott
... Welfare policies in the United States reinforce sexism, racism, and classism, and thereby oppress women. When discussing alternative policies, scholars and political players should not just consider economic consequences. They should also emphasize the social consequences of potential policies, namely how effectively they would combat women’s oppression. In this paper I consider two proposed policies, federal jobs guarantees (FJG) and universal basic income (UBI). I use the framework established in Justice and the Politics of Difference by Iris Marion Young and her explanation of the five faces of oppression to evaluate how FJG and UBI may help or harm women. I also analyze recent public opinion polling and FJG and UBI pilot programs to determine the likelihood of the U.S. implementing similar policies. This paper answers the following questions: Which policy, FJG or UBI, would more effectively lessen women’s oppression? Which is more likely to be implemented? Should those concerned with women’s oppression favor UBI, FJG, or a combination of the two? My theoretical analysis shows that UBI would more effectively combat women’s oppression, but public opinion polling and international pilot programs suggest that FJG is more likely to be implemented. This presents a dilemma for advocates who wish to prioritize vulnerable groups’ needs while focusing on realistic goals. The social justice framework I adopt in this paper helps to resolve these conflicts. Using this framework, I conclude that UBI should remain a long-term goal in our transition to a more just society because it more effectively combats women’s oppression. Still, political advocates should take seriously other policies such as FJG which still account for women’s needs and reduce harm done to them. These conclusions contribute to ongoing debate over these policies and demonstrate how researchers and advocates can analyze policies within a social justice framework that prioritizes the needs of our most vulnerable populations.
Increased prevalence of human activity in the Arctic as a result of climate change, and the impacts on the Arctic ecosystem from resulting increases of introduced species
Contributors: Lawson, Delaney, Stern, Jenny
... Arctic sea ice levels have been steadily decreasing since the end of the 20th century, and there is no evidence of this trend disappearing in the coming years. As a result of this, shipping routes are opening up within Arctic seas, and ships have begun traversing through these waters with increasing consistency. These ships are bringing with them countless hull fouling organisms and ballast waters filled with invasive species. With increasingly temperate conditions in the Arctic, the ecosystem is becoming more and more susceptible to adverse effects of invasive species. This paper discusses specific invasive species in the Arctic, the impacts that these organisms may have on the carefully balanced Arctic ecosystem, and policies that may help combat the adverse effects of a steadily increasing prevalence of invasive species within the area.
Contributors: Moreno Candia, Jazmin, Traxler, Beth
... Mycobacterium tuberculosis is highly dangerous pathogen that is very prone to multiple drug resistance. As the microbe is very slow growing, culturing methods of diagnosing antibiotic resistance can take several months, making the treatment often ineffective. Faster methods of diagnosing antibiotic resistance are being developed that will help make the treatments more accurate and tailored to the strain infecting the patient.
"We Wear Our Boots Just Like the Men": Women's Roles in Pacific Northwest Mountains and Society, 1890-1939
Contributors: Abrams, Cleone, Findlay, John
... Women challenged traditional roles and expectations in both the mountains and politics of the 20th-century Pacific Northwest. Though women continued to struggle for equality and retained separate spheres from men, they argued that their unique perspectives as women earned them more equal standing. Comparing the participants of these two activities reveals parallel elements of women’s continuing struggle for equality. Specifically, they shared common identities - only a wealthy minority were able to participate. They also had unique values and self-perceptions as women, finding satisfaction and camaraderie in both front- and backcountry spheres; at the same time many did perpetuate social biases. Finally, these women developed strategies to confront a variety of perceptions held by men in a male-dominated society. Ultimately, by World War II, women had gained social capital in the front country but continued to fight for equal status in the mountains.
Contributors: Nguyen, Hannah, Abrams, Robert
... Seeking to understand how landscape’s dualities serve as the basis for its inherently natural cyclicity in Henry David Thoreau’s Cape Cod brings us to a clearer recognition of its odds with the American ideal of unidirectional progression. The natural landscape’s discontinuous cyclicity and its connection to human civilization’s cyclical theory of history lead us to a discussion of its conceptual clash with Manifest Destiny and American exceptionalism. Thomas Cole’s Course of Empire paintings show how the landscape’s natural cycle is linked to the rise and fall of human civilizations built atop it. This paper, through analysis of Thoreau and Cole’s works, will examine how the environmental landscape’s natural cycle is irrevocably linked to that of human civilization. In doing so, we enter a more detailed discussion of how natural cyclicity in the landscape serves as a source of American fear of disruption to their nation’s ongoing progress.
Contributors: Albright, Liam, Dahya, Negin
... Mental health is a vast problem around the globe and poses a threat to population health and economic development both domestically and internationally. While mental health is a vast problem current treatment plans by States, Intergovernmental Organizations, and NonGovernmental organizations are not meeting the needs of populations around the world, particularly in low resources low-income areas. To close the treatment gap in mental health care in low resource low-income areas a novel Intervention model that combines mobile phones, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Lay-Health workers should be implemented. In this paper, I conduct a literature review of the current state of mental health and its possible treatments. In doing so, this paper focuses on CBT, mobile phones, and lay-health work treatments and looks at the benefits and weakness of each and how they might work together. While it is certainly difficult to treat mental illnesses in rural areas and developing states due to lack of resources and infrastructure, an intervention model that combines mobile communication technology, lay health workers and cognitive behavior therapy to create an effective agile program that can respond to a community’s mental health needs is possible. This paper concludes that this new intervention method that combines the three is warranted and is feasible.
Reproduction, distribution, and feeding ecology of the Greenland shark (Sominosus microcephalus) in relation to climate change and human activities in the Arctic
Contributors: Stork, Kalina, Stern, Jenny
... My submission is a research paper on the ecological role of the species the Greenland shark (Sominosus microcephalus). Very few research studies have been conducted on this species, so this paper is a review on over 30 various studies that have been completed. This paper offers a comprehensive view on the Greenland shark's feeding ecology, distribution, and reproduction as well as a discussion on the potential effects climate change and increasing human activity in the Arctic could have on this species.
Contributors: Ansari, Aleenah, Rosner,Daniela
... "In 1865, Seattle’s First City Council banned Native Americans from living in the city – but restricting people’s right to a home hasn’t stopped there. Redlining, or policies that make it harder for people of color to obtain a mortgage or buy a property in certain neighborhoods, have existed in Seattle since the 20th century. The continued growth and expansion of Seattle and its skyrocketing rent prices has displaced people of color who have historically lived in the Central District. My guiding question is, “how can we use storytelling to empower the stories and experiences of the Black community in the Central District, all while acknowledging the city’s history?” Moreover, there are stories of resilience in communities that have been displaced by gentrification but aren’t not showcased in media outlets. Through interviews with community members, I hope to share stories about how the CD community have responded to gentrification with resilience."
Contributors: Stromberg, Wells, Stern, Jenny
... A walrus diet typically consists of invertebrates that live on the seafloor, consumed in large quantities with the help of special morphological traits. In addition to the threats posed by diminishing sea ice in their Arctic habitat, global climate change is causing a major shift in the Pacific Arctic ecosystem and food web, reducing the food supply for the large mammals. A combination of distributional and dietary changes among Pacific walrus populations has helped them to survive so far, but the future of the species is uncertain as their ecosystem and environment continue to warm and change.
Contributors: Au, Wing Yun, Ghasedi, Sarah
... There’s a lot of reasons why one might decide to change their name—maybe it holds bad memories or there’s another name that holds more meaning. For a certain demographic, specifically East Asians who come to an English speaking country, the reasons begin to relate more to a connection with culture. This video explores the experiences of East Asian students who are at different relationships with their name. While some have openly adopted an English name, others have decided to continue with their ethnic name in a new country. A focus is placed on a name’s connection with family and ties with personal culture and identity. Catered to those who are experiencing the decision of whether or not to adopt an English name, the video helps present different perspectives to help with this decision.