Contributors: Na Yu, Guy Smagghe
... Cholecystokinin (CCK) and gastrin are regulatory peptides in vertebrates. Their homologues are widely present in metazoan animals, in form of cionin in tunicates, neuropeptide-like protein 12 in nematodes and sulfakinin (SK) in arthropods. CCK(-like) peptides exert diverse physiological effects through binding their corresponding receptors, which are important members of the hormone-binding G-protein-coupled receptors.
Data from: "Transcriptomic resources for five shrimp (Crustacea: Atyidae and Alpheidae) species from the anchialine ecosystem" in Genomic Resources Notes accepted 1 June 2014 to 31 July 2014
Contributors: Havird, Justin C., Santos, Scott R.
Vietnam (2013): TRaC behavioral survey among female sex workers and female sex workers who inject drugs in 7 provinces of Vietnam. Round 3.
Contributors: Chi, Le Thi Linh, Neukom, Josselyn
... The 2012 SW & SW-IDU Behavioral Survey is the third and final round of this survey conducted by the USAID Social Marketing for HIV Prevention Project with USAID/PEPFAR support. Research objectives include to monitor changes in risk reduction behaviors and factors associated with key behavioral indicators over time, as outlined in PMEP, to evaluate correlation between project coverage and changes in key PMEP behavioral and determinant indicators, to provide data/evidence to support the Low Dead S pace (LDS) syringe SM pilot, and to inform total market approach programming. Study respondents were recruited through RDS to facilitate reach of hidden SWs. A structured questionnaire was used, estimated to take 30-45 minutes to complete for each participant
Madagascar (2009): FoQus on Marketing Planning - Developing a positioning statement for Protector Plus
Contributors: PSI Research
... Designing the concept for a social marketing activity requires familiarity with the target audience and the context in which behavior change takes place. This study aims to gather data useful for designing the following eight elements of the concept for Protector Plus aimed at Malagasy men 25-44 years old, users and non users of Protector Plus. Photo narratives will be used to collect data for its ease of use and the richness of data produced when photos accompany narratives This study will be conducted in all Tana among different categories of men aged 25 - 44.
Nicaragua (2010-2011): Estudio TRaC de DIU y Metodos Anticonceptivos Modernos en Mujeres de Edad Reproductiva de los Departamentos de Managua, Chinandega, Chontales, Esteli, Jonitega, RAAN, MAsaya, RAAS y Matagalpa. Primera ronda.
Contributors: PSI Research
... Este estudio es la primera ronda de una encuesta TRaC para el proyecto de Salud de la Mujer (WHP). Los objetivos principales son: 1) medir el nivel de percepciones/actitudes/creencias sobre el DIU; 2) conocer los factores de oportunidad, habilidad y motivacion (OHM) asociados al uso de metodos anticonceptivos modernos y del DIU; y 3) medir el nivel de satisfaccion con los servicios de proveedores certificados de PASMO (Panamerican Social Marketing Organization), entre mujeres usuarias de dichos servicios. La encuesta se dividio en 2 tipos de muestra. La primera muestra se levantoentre noviembre-diciembre 2010 y tuvo por objetivo medir el nivel de percepciones/actitudes/creencias sobre el DIU en las areas de influencia del programa: cabeceras municipales de Managua, Chinandega, Chontales, Esteli, Jinotega, RAAN, Masaya, RAAS y Matagalpa.
Nicaragua (2006): Estudio linea de base sobre el uso de anticonceptivos entre mujeres en edad reproductiva.
Contributors: Susana Lungo, Giovanni Melendez
... Como parte de los esfuerzos que PASMO realiza en los diferentes paises de Centroamarica se ha identificado la necesidad de atender el tema de la planificacion familiar en Nicaragua, la embajada de los paises bajos ha apoyado esta nueva iniciativa que pretende incrementar y facilitar el acceso a anticonceptivos a las poblaciones de escasos recursos en este pais. El principal objetivo del estudio es establecer los parametros que permitan iniciar las acciones para el lanzamiento de una nueva marca social de anticonceptivos hormonales entre las mujeres en edad reproductiva en Nicaragua.
Central America 2013: TRaC study measuring sexual behaviors among People Living with HIV in Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. Round 1.
Contributors: Please type name of person who wrote report, Please type name of person who reviewed report
... 1. GOAL OF THE TRaC STUDY The goal of this study is to collect baseline data on the prevalence of condom use and the opportunity, ability and motivation to adopt healthier behaviors among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in Central America. 2. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 2.1 This study test the hypothesis that exposure to PSI Com-prevention program reduces risk behaviors and increases enforcing/supportive environment for PLWHA in 6 central Latin American countries. Main outcomes: Condom use at last sex; number of sex partners; social support; internalized stigma; ART adherence; and self rated physical and mental health. Treatment variables: exposure to PSI intervention as measured by a three categorical variable: (a) PLHA who completed the com-prevention cycle (participation in at least 3 interpersonal communication activities (IPC), one biomedical component (STIs test and/or antiretroviral referral), and one complimentary component (attendance to any legal/violence prevention/anti-discrimination service); (b) PLHA who participated in , b ut did not complete the cycle; (c) PLHA who did not participate in any component of the com-prevention program. Control variables: socio-economic status, study sites, type of respondents (recruited through peers or clinics) and whichever variables that may determine exposure to interventions? Some of the main outcomes can also be control variables for other main outcomes. 2.2 Additionally, this study will provide the level of in key behavioral indicators (condom use at last sex and consistent condom use) among PLHA 2.3 And will help identifying which opportunity, ability and motivation constructs are significantly associated to safer behavior (condom use at last sex and consistent condom use).
Panama 2013: TRaC study measuring sexual behavior among Men who have sex with men in Ciudad Panama and Colon. Round 3.
Contributors: Dennis Valvert, Jorge Rivas
... GOAL OF THE TRaC STUDY Evidence from this study will be used to evaluate and improve current communication campaigns and their effect on the target population of Male who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Trans (transgender, transsexual, transvestite). It will also help design new activities directed to them by determining factors associated with healthy key behaviors. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES a. Measure change and monitor progress on the objectives of USAIDs Combination Prevention for PASMO and PEPFARs Gender Enhanced complementing approach. b. Determine the preliminary impact of PASMOs interventions among MSM c. Validate factors that have been usually associated with the desired behavior: consistent condom use with all male partners in the last month. d. Set a baseline for the Opportunity, Ability and Motivation (OAM) factors in which the program will work for the next two years
Central America 2013: TRaC study measuring condom use among men at risk in Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Belize, round 1
Contributors: Jose Enrique Martinez, Benjamin Nieto
... 1. GOAL OF THE TRaC STUDY The goal of this study is to collect baseline data on the prevalence of condom use and the opportunity, ability and motivation to adopt healthier behaviors among Men at Risk in Central America, defined as: migrant workers, uniformed men (private forces), truckers, construction workers, bus drivers and fishermen, all of them potential clients of sex workers. 2. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES This study design is the first wave of TRaCs with Men At Risk. It pretends to respond to three fundamental questions. Monitoring: What are the levels in key behavioral indicators (condom use at last sex and consistent condom use) among Men at Risk? Segmentation: Which opportunity, ability and motivation constructs are significantly associated to safer behavior (condom use at last sex and consistent condom use)? Evaluation: what is the level of exposure to the Com-Prevention Program: % of Men at Risk going through at least 3 interpersonal communication activities (IPC), one biomedical component (HIV-STIÃÂÃÂs test and treatment if necessary), and one complimentary component (attendance to Family Planning Services and/or Alcohol/Drug Treatment Center)? Is the exposure to such program associated to healthier behaviors?
Mexico (2010): Obesity Prevention. Evaluating "Alivianate" Event for the Promotion of Physical Activity and Water Intake among Youth Aged 14-18 Years in Toluca.
Contributors: PSI Research
... The ultimate goal was to increase the frequency of physical activity and substitution of sugar beverages for water intake. As a first step, PSI-Mexico conducted a qualitative study with youth in Toluca. The purpose was to identify the social and economic context in which overweight and obesity are experienced among young people (Hemmings and Ospina, 2009). That study, as well as conversations with experts and a literature review, helped the programmatic and research teams building a conceptual framework for the intervention (See appendix). After identifying different factors affecting the outcome variables and their inter- relationship, PSI-Mexico designed a two day event called Alivianate, whose main objectives were to promote positive attitudes toward water intake and physical activity. The main message spread out during the event was that there is a physical activity for everybody and that it is fun to do physical activity. During the event, enrolled youth had the opportunity to drink water instead of soft drinks. Communication material was developed prior to the event in order to encourage registratrion into Alivianate. Peer promoters helped to disseminate these communication materials. During the event peer promoters also provided information about the importance of physical activity and water intake in everyday life. The study design corresponds to a quasi-experimental study with comparison and intervention groups. In this study design, participant population was divided between a group of participants exposed to the intervention and another not exposed (comparison).