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  • This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE26895: Drosophila LID RNAi gene expression profiling GSE27078: LID ChIP-Seq in wild type, and H3K4me3 ChIP-Seq in wild type and lid RNAi Drosophila melanogaster GSE40599: POLIISER5 and POLIISER2 ChIP-Seq in mutant RNAi LID Drosophila Melanogaster Refer to individual Series
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  • This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE33546: Polycomb repressive complex 2-dependent and –independent functions of Jarid2 in transcriptional regulation in Drosophila [ChIP-Seq] GSE36038: Polycomb repressive complex 2-dependent and –independent functions of Jarid2 in transcriptional regulation in Drosophila [Affymetrix] Refer to individual Series
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  • Drosophila melanogaster
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  • Transcription factors, which regulate the spatiotemporal patterns of gene expression during organogenesis, often regulate multiple aspects of tissue morphogenesis, including cell-type specification, cell proliferation, cell death, cell polarity, cell shape, cell arrangement and cell migration. In this work, we describe a distinct role for Ribbon (Rib) in controlling cell shape changes during elongation of the Drosophila salivary gland (SG). Notably, the morphogenetic changes in rib mutants occurred without effects on general SG cell attributes such as specification, proliferation and apoptosis. Moreover, the abnormal cell/organ shape in rib mutants occurred without compromising epithelial-specific morphological attributes such as apicobasal polarity and junctional integrity. To identify the genes regulated by Rib that control cell and organ shape, we performed ChIP-seq analysis in embryos driving rib expression specifically in the SGs. To learn if the Rib binding sites identified in the ChIP-seq analysis were linked to changes in gene expression through transcriptional activation, repression, or both, we performed microarray analysis comparing RNA samples from age-matched wild-type and rib null embryos. From the superposed ChIP-seq and microarray gene expression data, we identified 60 genomic sites of bound Rib most likely to regulate SG-specific gene expression. We confirmed several of the identified Rib targets by qRT-pCR and/or in situ hybridization. Our results indicate that Rib regulates cell shape change in the Drosophila salivary gland via a diverse array of targets through both transcriptional activation and repression. Furthermore, our results suggest that a critical component of the SG morphogenetic gene network involving Rib is its autoregulation. Three independent collections of stage 11 – 16 rib1/ribP7 embryos and three of wild-type embryos were used for hybridization to Drosophila Genome 2.0 Chips. Scanned intensity values were normalized using RMA (Partek software) and statistical analysis analyses were performed using the Spotfire software package (TIBCO). Target genes were identified as those that were upregulated/downregulated (1.5-fold change cutoff, P < 0.05) in rib1/ribP7 embryos when compared with Oregon R controls.
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  • The Eleven-nineteen Lysine-rich Leukemia (ELL)-containing Super Elongation Complex (SEC) containing P-TEFb is a key regulator in the expression of HOX genes in Mixed Lineage Leukemia (MLL)-based leukemia. We have identified an SEC-like complex in Drosophila, as well as a distinct ELL-containing complex that lacks P-TEFb and other components of SEC named the "little elongation complex" (LEC). LEC subunits are highly enriched at RNA Polymerase II (Pol II) transcribed small nuclear RNA (snRNA) genes and the loss of LEC results in decreased snRNA expression in both flies and mammals. The discovery of specificity of SEC and LEC complexes for mRNA and snRNA containing genes, respectively, suggest the presence of specific classes of elongation factors for each class of genes transcribed by RNA polymerase II. Examination of genome-wide binding profiles for ELL, Ice1, Lilli, and Pol II in D. melanogaster and by ChIP-seq. Identification of differentially expressed genes in ELL-RNAi and Ice1-RNAi in D. melanogaster by RNA-seq. Examination of genome-wide binding profiles for ELL in M. musculus. Identification of differentially expressed genes in ELL-RNAi in M. musculus by RNA-seq.
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  • Jarid2 was recently identified as an important component of the mammalian Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), where it has a major effect on PRC2 recruitment in mouse embryonic stem cells. Although Jarid2 is conserved in Drosophila, it has not previously been implicated in Polycomb (Pc) regulation. Therefore, we purified Drosophila Jarid2 and its associated proteins and find that Jarid2 associates with all of the known canonical PRC2 components, demonstrating a conserved physical interaction with PRC2 in flies and mammals. Furthermore, in vivo studies with Jarid2 mutants in flies demonstrate that among several histone modifications tested, only H3K27 methylation, the mark implemented by PRC2, was affected. Genome-wide profiling of Jarid2, Su(z)12 and H3K27me3 occupancy by ChIP-seq indicates that Jarid2 and Su(z)12 have a very similar distribution pattern on chromatin. However, Jarid2 and Su(z)12 occupancy levels at some genes are significantly different with Jarid2 being present at relatively low levels at many Pc response elements (PREs) of certain Homeobox (Hox) genes, providing a rationale for why Jarid2 was never identified in Pc screens. Gene expression analyses show that Jarid2 and E(z) (a canonical PRC2 component) are required not only for transcriptional repression but might also function in active transcription. Identification of Jarid2 as a conserved PRC2 interactor in flies provides an opportunity to begin to probe some of its novel functions in Drosophila development. Expression analyses of Jarid2 mutants in larvae and eye imaginal discs. Expression analyses of E(z) RNAi in larvae.
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  • Available fields/variables: Authors; Title; Year; Source title; Volume Issue; Art. No.; Page start; Page end; Page count; Cited by; DOI; Link Affiliations; Authors with affiliations; Abstract; Author Keywords; Index Keywords; Molecular Sequence Numbers; Chemicals/CAS; Tradenames; Manufacturers; Funding Details; References; Correspondence Address; Editors; Sponsors; Publisher; Conference name; Conference date; Conference location; Conference code; ISSN; ISBN; CODEN; PubMed ID; Language of Original Document; Abbreviated Source Title; Document Type; Source EID. Number of records: 1,547
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  • Drosophila melanogaster
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    • Tabular Data