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  • H3-ChIP-seq was performed in order to analyze changes in nucleosomal occupancy after depletion of CTCF/P190 and ISWI from Drosophila S2 cells Histone H3 ChIP-seq from Drosophila S2 cells after CTCF/CP190 or ISWI-specific RNAi treatment
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  • Here we use ChIP-seq in Drosophila embryos to determine the genome-wide binding pattern of TBP and Trf2 using two different antibodies for each factor. ChIP-seq using anti-Trf2 and anti-TBP antibodies in Drosophila embryos
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  • We analyzed gamaH2Av ChIP-seq from hand dissected stage 10B and 13 follicle cell nuclei. Egg chambers were dissected from wild-type (OrR) or H2Av[ΔCT] ovaries to assess binding at the Drosophila Follicle Cell Amplicons and across the genome. ChIP-seq of gammaH2Av bound to follicle cell DNA from stage 10B and 13 egg chambers, collected from wild-type (OrR) and H2Av[ΔCT] Drosophila ovaries. Sequences analyzed by Illumina sequencing. Two replicates are included for each ChIP reaction.
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  • Alternative polyadenylation (APA) has been implicated in a variety of developmental and disease processes, such as stem cell differentiation and cancer. A particularly dramatic form of APA has been documented in the developing nervous system of flies and mammals, whereby a variety of neurogenic genes undergo coordinate extension of their 3’ UTRs. In Drosophila, the RNA-binding protein ELAV inhibits RNA processing at proximal polyadenylation (poly(A)) sites, thereby fostering the formation of 3’ extensions that can reach 12 kb in length. Here, we present evidence that paused Pol II plays an important role in the selective recruitment of ELAV to elongated genes. Replacing native promoters of elongated genes with heterologous promoters blocks normal 3’ extension in the nervous system, while native promoters can induce 3’ extension in ectopic tissues expressing ELAV. Computational analyses suggest that the promoter regions of elongated genes tend to contain paused Pol II and associated cis-regulatory elements such as GAGA. ELAV ChIP-Seq assays indicate pervasive binding to the promoter regions of extended genes. Our study provides the first evidence for a regulatory link between promoter-proximal pausing and APA. ELAV ChIP-Seq assays were conducted with nuclei obtained from 6-8 hr and 10-12 hr embryos
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  • ChIP against Opbp followed by next generation sequencing of Drosophila melanogaster embryos. Samples were sequenced using Illumina HiSeq and include four biological replicates, with both mock and input controls.
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  • The goal of this experiment was to identify genomic dCAP-D3 binding sites in Drosophila S2R+ cells dCAP-D3 was immunoprecipitated in two separate experiments with antibody YZ834 which was developed in the Longworth lab. IgG immunoprecipiation was performed alongside the dCAP-D3 immunoprecipitation to serve as controls for each experiment. Input chromatin was also harvested from each of the two experiments.
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  • The patterning of Drosophila retina occurs both very fast and with high precision. This process is driven by the dynamic changes in signalling activity of the conserved Hedgehog (Hh) pathway, which coordinates cell fate determination, cell cycle and tissue morphogenesis. Here we show that during Drosophila retinogenesis, the retinal determination gene dachshund (dac) is not only a target of the Hh signaling pathway, but is also a modulator of its activity. Using developmental genetics techniques, we demonstrate that dac enhances Hh signaling by promoting the accumulation of the Gli transcription factor Cubitus interruptus (Ci) parallel to or downstream of fused. In the absence of dac, all Hh-mediated events associated to the morphogenetic furrow are delayed. One of the consequences is that, posterior to the furrow, dac- cells cannot activate a Roadkill-Cullin3 negative feedback loop that attenuates Hh signaling and which is necessary for retinal cells to continue normal differentiation. Therefore, dac is part of an essential positive feedback loop in the Hh pathway, guaranteeing the speed and the accuracy of Drosophila retinogenesis. ChIP-seq against Dachshund vs input ChIP-seq. Eye-antennal imaginal discs are dissected from Grh-GFP (Bloomington stock 42269) 3rd instar larvae and fixed with formaldehyde. Chromatin is prepared and sonicated until fragments reach an average size of 500 bp. Chromatin is immunoprecipitated with an anti-GFP Ab (ab290, Abcam) and the immunocomplexes are recovered with protein A/G magnetic beads (Millipore).
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  • Control of RNA transcription is critical for the development and homeostasis of all organisms, and can occur at multiple steps of the transcription cycle, including RNA polymerase II (Pol II) recruitment, initiation, promoter-proximal pausing, and elongation. That Pol II accumulates on many promoters in metazoans implies that steps other than Pol II recruitment are rate-limiting and regulated 1-6. By integrating genome-wide Pol II chromatin immunoprecipition (ChIP) and Global Run-On (GRO) genomic data sets from Drosophila cells, we examined critical features of Pol II near promoters. The accumulation of promoter-proximal polymerase is widespread, occurring on 70% of active genes; and unlike elongating Pol II within the body of genes, promoter Pol II are held paused by factors like NELF, unable to transcribe unless nuclei are treated with strong detergent. Notably, we find that the vast majority of promoter-proximal Pol II detected by ChIP are paused, thereby identifying the biochemical nature of this rate-limiting step in transcription. Finally, we demonstrate that Drosophila promoters do not have the upstream divergent Pol II that is seen so broadly and prominently on mammalian promoters. We postulate this is a consequence of Drosophila’s extensive use of directional core promoter sequence elements, which contrasts with mammals’ lack of directional elements and prevalence of CpG island core promoters. In support of this idea, we show that the fraction of mammalian promoters containing a TATA box core element is dramatically depleted of upstream divergent transcription. ChIP-seq data set for Pol II (rpb3) (2 replicates).
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  • ChIP-seq for Drosophila Insensitive, together with IgG control. Chromatin extracted from 2.5-6h w[1118] embryos and 6.5-12h w[1118] embryos. Samples from two time points were analyzed: 2.5-6h embryos and 6.5-12h embryos. In each time point there is one Insv ChIP sample and one IgG control sample.
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  • Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by deep sequencing (ChIP-seq) was carried out on wild-type Schneider (S2) cells using specific MLE antibodies to identify binding sites for MLE in the Drosophila genome
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