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datasets.shared.infosheet.CitationMgr@2d0 Dataset: New Residential Sales: New residential sales estimates only include new single-family residential structures. Sales of multi-family units are excluded from these statistics. To be included in the sales estimates the sales transaction must intend to include both the house and the land. All new houses are not included in our new residential sales estimates, only houses sold prior to being built or built for sale are included in these statistics. Excluded from these estimates are houses built for rent, houses built by the owner, and houses built by a general contractor on the owner's land. The sales price used in the survey is the price agreed upon between purchaser and seller at the time the first sales contract is signed or deposit made. It includes the price of the improved lot. The sales price does not reflect any subsequent price changes resulting from change orders or from any other factors affecting the price of the house. Furthermore, the sales price does not include the cost of any extras or options paid for in cash by the purchaser or otherwise not included in the original sales price reported. Census estimates of new single-family houses sold and for sale are obtained from the Survey of Construction (SOC). SOC is comprised of two parts: (1) Survey of Use of Permits (SUP) which estimates the amount of new home sales in areas that require a building permit and (2) Nonpermit Survey (NP) which estimates the amount of new home sales in areas that do not require a building permit. Less than 1 percent of all new single-family home sales take place in nonpermit areas. Data from both parts of SOC are collected by Census field representatives. For SUP they visit a sample of permit offices and select a sample of permits issued for new housing. These permits are then followed through to see when they are started, completed and sold if the one-family unit was built to be sold. Each project is also surveyed to collect information on characteristics of the structure. For NP, roads in sampled nonpermit land areas are driven at least once every three months to see if there is any new construction. Once new residential construction is found, it is followed up the same as in SUP. http://www.census.gov/construction/nrs/historical_data/index.html Category: Housing and Construction Subject: Residential Property, Single-Family Housing, Home Sales, Housing Market, Housing Costs Source: United States Census Bureau The US Census Bureau is a bureau of the US Department of Commerce. The major functions of the Census Bureau are authorized by Article 2, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which provides that a census of population shall be taken every 10 years, and by Title 13 and Title 26 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations. The Census Bureau is responsible for numerous statistical programs, including census and surveys of households, governments, manufacturing and industries, and for US foreign trade statistics. The first US census was conducted in 1790 for the purposes of apportioning state representation in the US House of Representatives and for the apportionment of taxes. https://www.census.gov
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datasets.shared.infosheet.CitationMgr@483 Dataset: Reports the amount of research and development (R&D) expenditures at colleges and universities in the United States that was funded by all sources, by state and institution, and by academic discipline. The Higher Education Research and Development (HERD) Survey, successor to the Survey of Research and Development Expenditures at Universities and Colleges, is the primary source of information on research and development (R&D) expenditures at United States colleges and universities. The dataset presented here provides statistics on source of funds and R&D expenditures by field of research at US universities and colleges. Several changes were implemented in the survey design with the FY 2010 survey: Since FY 2010, the target population for the HERD Survey has included nonprofit postsecondary institutions with bachelor’s or higher degree programs in any field and R&D expenditures of at least $150,000 in any field. Before FY 2010, the population included only institutions with R&D spending and degree programs in S&E fields. Institutions that performed R&D in only non-S&E fields were excluded from the population. Also beginning with FY 2010, each campus headed by a campus-level president, chancellor, or equivalent now completes a separate survey rather than combining its response with other campuses in a university system. As a result of this step, the overall number of academic institutions in the population increased from 711 in FY 2009 to 742 in FY 2010. For changes in survey questions and variables over time, see the technical documentation. Also, note that the FY 1997 survey was the last one conducted as a sample survey; since FY 1998, the survey has been a census of all known eligible universities and colleges. https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/ Category: Education Subject: Research and Development, Higher Education, Colleges, Funding, Expenditures, Universities Source: National Science Foundation The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency created by the United States Congress in 1950 "to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense…" NSF is the funding source for approximately 20 percent of all federally supported basic research conducted by US colleges and universities. In many fields such as mathematics, computer science and the social sciences, NSF is the major source of federal backing. NSF typically issues limited-term grants to fund specific research proposals that have been judged the most promising by a rigorous and objective merit-review system. Most of these awards go to individuals or small groups of investigators. Others provide funding for research centers, instruments, and facilities. https://www.nsf.gov/
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datasets.shared.infosheet.CitationMgr@6f0 Dataset: Fair market rent for a one bedroom rental unit. Fair Market Rents (FMRs) are primarily used to determine payment standards and rental amounts for various HUD programs. FMRs are gross rent estimates. They include the shelter rent plus the cost of all tenant-paid utilities, except telephones, cable or satellite television service, and internet service. In most cases, FMR estimates are calculated for two-bedroom units. This is the most common size of rental units, and, therefore, the most reliable to survey and analyze. After each Decennial Census, rent relationships between two-bedroom units and other unit sizes are calculated and used to set FMRs for other units. The level at which FMRs are set is expressed as a percentile point within the rent distribution of standard-quality rental housing units. The current definition used is the 40th percentile rent, the dollar amount below which 40 percent of the standard-quality rental housing units are rented. The 40th percentile rent is drawn from the distribution of rents of all units occupied by recent movers (renter households who moved to their present residence within the past 15 months). HUD is required to ensure that FMRs exclude non-market rental housing in their computation. Therefore, HUD excludes all units falling below a specified rent level determined from public housing rents in HUD's program databases as likely to be either assisted housing or otherwise at a below-market rent, and units less than two years old. HUD uses the most accurate and current data available to develop the FMR estimates. Three sources of survey data are used: (1) The Decennial Census; (2) the American Community Surveys; and (3) Random digit dialing (RDD) telephone surveys. Data are reported by Fiscal Year, with FY 2017 covering the period July 1, 2016 through June 30, 2017. http://www.huduser.org/datasets/fmr.html Category: Housing and Construction, Prices, Consumption, and Cost of Living Subject: Housing Type, Rents, Markets, Rental Housing Source: United States Department of Housing and Urban Development The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is the principal federal agency responsible for programs concerned with the Nation's housing needs, fair housing opportunities, and improvement and development of the nation's communities. HUD's mission is to increase homeownership, support community development and increase access to affordable housing free from discrimination. http://www.hud.gov/
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United States Census Bureau. Poverty: Poverty, Percentage - Ages 0 to 4 | State: Pennsylvania | County: Adams, 1997 - 2017. Data Planet™ Statistical Datasets: A SAGE Publishing Resource Dataset-ID: 001-003-008 Dataset: Shows the percentage of children in the United States ages 0-4 living in households with income below poverty level, by state. Note that there is no county-level data available for this indicator. The United States Census Bureau estimates poverty statistics as part of its Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program. This program was created by the Census Bureau with support from other federal agencies, and provides more current estimates of selected income and poverty statistics than the most recent decennial census. Model-based estimates are created for states, counties, and school districts. The main objective of SAIPE is to provide updated estimates of income and poverty statistics for the administration of federal programs and the allocation of Federal funds to local jurisdictions. Estimates are modeled using a variety of data sources, including summarized information from individual federal income tax returns, and population information. https://envoy.dickinson.edu:5964/data/datasets/time-series/demo/saipe/model-tables.html The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by household size and composition to determine poverty levels. If the total income for a family or unrelated individual falls below the relevant poverty threshold, then the family or unrelated individual is classified as being "below the poverty level." Category: Population and Income Subject: Poverty, Children Source: United States Census Bureau The US Census Bureau is a bureau of the US Department of Commerce. The major functions of the Census Bureau are authorized by Article 2, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which provides that a census of population shall be taken every 10 years, and by Title 13 and Title 26 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations. The Census Bureau is responsible for numerous statistical programs, including census and surveys of households, governments, manufacturing and industries, and for US foreign trade statistics. The first US census was conducted in 1790 for the purposes of apportioning state representation in the US House of Representatives and for the apportionment of taxes. https://envoy.dickinson.edu:5964
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Criminal Justice Information Services Division, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Offenses Known to Law Enforcement: Confirmed Crime Rate | State: Michigan | County: Alcona, Alger, Allegan, Alpena, Antrim, Arenac, Baraga, Barry, Bay, Benzie, Berrien, Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Charlevoix, Cheboygan, Chippewa, Clare, Clinton, Crawford, Delta, Dickinson, Eaton, Emmet, Genesee, Gladwin, Gogebic, Grand Traverse, Gratiot, Hillsdale, Houghton, Huron, Ingham, Ionia, Iosco, Iron, Isabella, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kalkaska, Kent, Keweenaw, Lake, Lapeer, Leelanau, Lenawee, Livingston, Luce, Mackinac, Macomb, Manistee, Marquette, Mason, Mecosta, Menominee, Midland, Missaukee, Monroe, Montcalm, Montmorency, Muskegon, Newaygo, Oakland, Oceana, Ogemaw, Ontonagon, Osceola, Oscoda, Otsego, Ottawa, Presque Isle, Roscommon, Saginaw, Saint Clair, Saint Joseph, Sanilac, Schoolcraft, Shiawassee, Tuscola, Van Buren, Washtenaw, Wayne, Wexford | Crime Type*: All Crimes Reported, 1980 - 2017. Data Planet™ Statistical Datasets: A SAGE Publishing Resource Dataset-ID: 010-001-004 Dataset: Reports crimes per 100,000 persons for crimes reported to law enforcement, by offense, state, county, and law enforcement agency. Statistics are presented for violent and property crimes. Shows crimes reported to police, by offense, state, county, and jurisdiction, and crime rate per 100,000 population. Data are from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, which is a nationwide, cooperative statistical effort of more than 18,000 city, university and college, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies voluntarily reporting data on crimes brought to their attention. The UCR Program collects offenses known to law enforcement for violent and property crime types (Part I offenses). Each month, participating law enforcement agencies submit information on the number of Part I offenses known to them (crimes reported). Violent crime is composed of four offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Violent crimes are defined in the UCR Program as those offenses which involve force or threat of force. Property crime includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. The object of the theft-type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force against the victims. https://ucr.fbi.gov/word Category: Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Subject: Assaults, Criminal Offenses, Homicides, Violence, Burglaries, Crime, Crime Rates, Felonies, Sexual Assaults, Homicide Rates, Property Crime, Larceny Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation The Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) is the principal investigative arm of the U.S. Department of Justice. The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program was conceived in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police to meet a need for reliable, uniform crime statistics for the nation. In 1930, the FBI was tasked with collecting, publishing, and archiving those statistics. A 5-year redesign effort to provide more comprehensive and detailed crime statistics resulted in the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) which collects data on each reported crime incident. The UCR Program is currently being expanded to NIBRS. http://www.fbi.gov/
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datasets.shared.infosheet.CitationMgr@1436 Dataset: Provides statistics on financial markets, including interest rates and equities prices, for IMF members and aggregates. The database covers approximately 32,000 time series covering more than 194 countries and areas starting in 1948. Topics covered include balance of payments, commodity prices, exchange rates, fund position, government finance, industrial production, interest rates, international investment position, international liquidity, international transactions, labor statistics, money and banking, national accounts, population, prices, and real effective exchange rates. Data availability varies by country and time period. http://data.imf.org/?sk=5dabaff2-c5ad-4d27-a175-1253419c02d1&sid=1390030109571&ss=1452193181026 Category: Banking, Finance, and Insurance, International Relations and Trade Subject: Interest Rates, Equities, Finance Source: International Monetary Fund Headquartered in Washington, DC, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) was conceived at a United Nations conference convened in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, United States, in July 1944. The 44 governments represented at that conference sought to build a framework for economic cooperation that would avoid a repetition of the vicious circle of competitive devaluations that had contributed to the Great Depression of the 1930s. As of 2015, the IMF has 188 member countries. Its primary purpose is to ensure the stability of the international monetary system, specifically the system of exchange rates and international payments that enables countries (and their citizens) to transact with one other. This system is essential for promoting sustainable economic growth, increasing living standards, and reducing poverty. The Fund’s mandate has recently been clarified and updated to cover the full range of macroeconomic and financial sector issues that bear on global stability. The IMF is a specialized independent agency of the United Nations but has its own charter, governing structure, and finances. Its members are represented through a quota system broadly based on their relative size in the global economy. http://www.imf.org/
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datasets.shared.infosheet.CitationMgr@2406 Dataset: This subset of the Main Economic Indicators (MEI) database presents balance of payments (BOP) statistics according to BPM6 (BOP Manual, 6th edition) classifications. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Main Economic Indicators database provides comparative statistics on OECD member countries and other non-member countries. Data availability varies by nation and by time period. See the technical documentation for information on national practices related to the compilation of data. http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/data/main-economic-indicators_mei-data-en Category: International Relations and Trade Subject: International Trade, Balance of Payments Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Established in 1961, when 18 European countries plus the United States and Canada joined together to create an organization dedicated to global development, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) today includes 34 member countries from around the globe, ranging from North and South America to Europe and the Asia-Pacific region. Member countries include many of the world’s advanced countries as well as emerging nations. The OECD mission remains the promotion of policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world. The OECD collects and analyzes data on a broad range of topics to help governments foster prosperity and fight poverty through economic growth and financial stability, at the same time taking the environmental implications of economic and social development into account. The OECD Secretariat collects and analyzes data, after which committees discuss policy regarding this information, the Council makes decisions, and then governments implement recommendations. The performance of individual countries is monitored following implementation via a system of multilateral surveillance and a peer review process. The OECD is headquartered in Paris, France, and it is funded by its member countries. National contributions are based on a formula that takes account of the size of each member's economy. The largest contributor is the United States, which provides nearly 24% of the budget, followed by Japan. http://www.oecd.org/
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datasets.shared.infosheet.CitationMgr@4e4 Dataset: Reports the average monthly price of natural gas delivered to residential consumers in the United States, by state. Residential consumers are those using gas for heating, air conditioning, cooking, water heating, and other residential uses in single and multi-family dwellings and apartments and mobile homes. Reports average monthly prices for natural gas in the United States. Data are collected via survey reports conducted by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), and the Office of Fossil Energy of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The EIA is the independent statistical and analytical agency within the DOE. The FERC is an independent regulatory commission within the DOE that has jurisdiction primarily in the regulation of electric utilities and the interstate natural gas industry. The Office of Fossil Energy has the authority under Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act of 1938 to grant authorizations for the import and export of natural gas. Monthly price and volume data on gas deliveries are collected from a sample of approximately 310 natural gas companies, including interstate pipelines, intrastate pipelines, and local distribution companies, representing the 50 states and Washington, DC. Respondents report deliveries of natural gas to consumers in the residential, commercial, or industrial sectors. http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_pri_sum_dcu_nus_m.htm Category: Prices, Consumption, and Cost of Living, Energy Resources and Industries Subject: Consumer Prices, Fuel Consumption, Residential Buildings, Consumers, Natural Gas, Fuel Prices Source: Energy Information Administration The Energy Information Administration (EIA), created by Congress in 1977, is an independent statistical and analytical agency within the United States Department of Energy. Its mission is to provide policy-independent data, forecasts, and analyses to promote sound policy making, efficient markets, and public understanding regarding energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. https://www.eia.gov/
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datasets.shared.infosheet.CitationMgr@a01 Dataset: Gross domestic product (GDP) by state is the measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced within a state in a particular period of time. In concept, an industry's GDP by state, referred to as its "value added", is equivalent to its gross output (sales or receipts and other operating income, commodity taxes, and inventory change) minus its intermediate inputs (consumption of goods and services purchased from other U.S. industries or imported). GDP by state differs from national GDP for the following reasons: GDP by state excludes and national GDP includes the compensation of federal civilian and military personnel stationed abroad and government consumption of fixed capital for military structures located abroad and for military equipment, except office equipment; and GDP by state and GDP have different revision schedules. Estimates are reported in current dollars (ie, values are not adjusted for inflation). GDP by state data are produced by the BEA as part of the Regional Economic Accounts program, which describes the geographic distribution of economic activity and growth in the United States. GDP is measured as the expenditures of households on goods and services plus business investment, government expenditures, and net exports. GDP by state is measured as the factor incomes earned (typically labor and capital) and the costs of production. Statistics are based on data from federal and state and local government agencies and bureaus, other BEA accounts, and private companies. This dataset consists of estimates for 1997-current for 2007 North American Industry Classification (NAICS)-based industries. For each industry, GDP by state is presented in four components: Compensation of employees, taxes on production and imports, subsidies, and gross operating surplus. https://www.bea.gov/API/ Category: Industry, Business, and Commerce Subject: Economic Conditions, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is part of the Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration. BEA produces economic accounts statistics that enable government and business decisionmakers, researchers, and the public to follow and understand the performance of the United States economy. BEA economic statistics are key ingredients in critical decisions affecting monetary policy, tax and budget projections, and business investment plans. The cornerstone of BEA's statistics is the national income and product accounts (NIPAs), which feature the estimates of gross domestic product (GDP) and related measures. BEA prepares national, regional, industry, and international accounts that present essential information on such key issues as economic growth, regional economic development, interindustry relationships, and the nation's position in the world economy. http://www.bea.gov/
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datasets.shared.infosheet.CitationMgr@13fd Dataset: An award that requires the successful completion of a program of study of at least the full-time equivalent of 1 but not more than 2 academic years of work beyond the bachelor's degree. Data are from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) conducted by the NCES. IPEDS involves annual institution-level data collections. All postsecondary institutions that participate in federal programs providing financial assistance to students are required to report data using a web-based data collection system. This annual component of IPEDS collects number of degrees and other formal awards (certificates) conferred. http://nces.ed.gov/IPEDS/ Category: Education Subject: Graduate Students, Educational Attainment, Master's Degrees, Higher Education Source: National Center for Education Statistics The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the primary federal entity in the United States for collecting and analyzing data related to education in the US and other nations. NCES is located within the US Department of Education and the Institute of Education Sciences. The NCES fulfills a congressional mandate to collect, collate, analyze, and report complete statistics on the condition of US education; conduct and publish reports; and review and report on education activities internationally. The NCES is one of four centers (along with the National Center for Education Research, the National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, and the National Center for Special Education Research) charged with carrying out the work of the Institute of Education Sciences. http://nces.ed.gov/
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