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  • While policymakers often promote further education for displaced workers, evidence on its effectiveness in the U.S. context primarily comes from evaluations of specific government sponsored training programs, which only represent one narrow avenue for skill acquisition. This paper studies the returns to retraining among unemployed workers, where retraining is broadly defined as enrollment in community colleges, four-year institutions, and technical centers. We link together high quality administrative records from the state of Ohio and estimate the returns using a matching design in which we compare the labor market outcomes of similar workers who do and do not enroll. Our matching specification is informed by a separate validation exercise in the spirit of LaLonde (1986), which evaluates a wide array of estimators using a combination of experimental and non-experimental data in a setting similar to ours. We graphically present the average quarterly earnings trajectories of the enrollees and matched non-enrollees over a nine-year period and show that there is little difference in earnings pre-enrollment, followed by temporarily depressed earnings among enrollees during the first two years after enrolling, and sustained positive returns thereafter. We find that enrollees experience an average earnings gain of seven percent three to four years after enrolling, and that the returns are driven by those who switch industries, particularly to healthcare.
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  • OCLC: 1097366947
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  • Stonewall uses broad legal zoning to group the differing challenges faced by employers across their global operations. Qatar is classified as a Zone 3 country, which means sexual acts between people of the same sex are illegal. To help put this into context, it is important to note that two further zones exist: In Zone 1 countries, sexual acts between people of the same sex are legal and clear national employment protections exist on grounds of sexual orientation. In Zone 2 countries sexual acts between people of the same sex are legal but no clear national employment protections exist on grounds of sexual orientation.
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  • The coronavirus, or COVID-19, has been declared by the World Health Organization to be a global pandemic. As the number of people infected in the United States grows exponentially, we must focus on prevention and containment in the criminal and immigration legal systems. Actors in the criminal and immigration legal systems have a unique and critical role to play. Theimportance of this role is underscored by how vast these systems are—almost 10.5 million arrests a year, 2.2 million people in jail and prison at any given time, 50,000 in immigration detention, andanother 4.5 million under some form of supervision on probation or parole. The Vera Institute of Justice (Vera) and Community Oriented Correctional Health Services (COCHS) have created the guidance in this document to protect people who interact with and work in these systems.
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