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  • В статье анализируется Государственный план электрификации России (план ГОЭЛРО). Данный исторический источник представляет интерес в контексте советской экономической политики 1920-х годов, поскольку позволяет понять наличие альтернативных подходов к преобразованиям в стране. Авторы прослеживают взаимодействие коммунистической власти и буржуазных специалистов, влияние взглядов профессора В.И. Гриневецкого на содержание плана. Оценивают вклад идей ректора МВТУ в разработку социальной составляющей проекта ГОЭЛРО. Приходят к выводу, что документ, наряду с технико-экономическими разработками, содержал предложения о необходимости социальных изменений в стране и оказал влияние на подготовку и осуществление Нэпа.,The article analyzes the State Electrification Plan of Russia (GOELRO plan). This historical source is of interest in the context of the Soviet economic policy of the 1920s, because it makes it possible to understand the availability of alternative approaches to transformations, reveals the readiness of the communist government to cooperate with bourgeois experts, the willingness to accept their professional recommendations. The document, along with the feasibility studies, contained proposals on the need for social change in the country and influenced the preparation and implementation of the NEP.,
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  • В краткой редакционной статье представлен взгляд главного и выпускающего редакторов на цели, задачи и сущность в целом специального выпуска «Studia studiosorum: Успехи молодых исследователей» как когнитивного и социального проекта и, в частности, на специфику второго специального выпуска.,The key idea of the "Space and Time" Publishing Project and Almanac Space and Time as its component is reflected in its name: the comprehension of the world and scientific truth about its structure is possible only through connection established between the phenomena and processes that form this world, i.e. comprehending the world as a unity and integrity of space and time, or, if you prefer, as a unity and integrity of spaces and times. The subject matter of our brief “Editorial” is the content of 2nd special issue “Studia studiosorum” in the context of spatial-temporal interaction and in comparison with the first such issue of 2017. Using problem, conceptual, phenomenological and comparative analysis, we consider this content as a unity of the spatialtemporal intraand in some cases inter-subject relations, which form a special cognitive and, mutatis mutandis, cultural space, investigated by the authors of this issue. Since the outstanding Russian evolutionist Sergey Meien noted that “...the classification of time coincides with the classification of processes, since time is an attribute, not just a certain parameter of objects,” we affirm that not only history (in the broadest sense of this word, i.e. any processes that have their own reference points chosen by observers) is ‘time-containing’: time as an attribute is implicit in any researches, in any set of studies and, ultimately, in any researchers and any research communities itself. We believe that the second youth issue of “Studia studiosorum” has already demonstrated that the formation of stable links between the Almanac and new generation of scientists is more likely a pattern than an accident, and the very fact that a second youth issue has been formed and published is evidence of this pattern. We also consider the second special issue of “Studia studiosorum”, as well as the Almanac itself and the “Space and Time” Publishing Project as a whole, as a project itself. In this capacity, the first special issue already had the features that make this project a socio-cultural and cognitive one: (i) the issue was aimed at establishing communication between older and younger generations of scientists, which allows, on the one hand, to prove to these young researchers that being a scientist means not only being an expert in a particular area, but also being able to have a constructive dialogue with ‘colleagues in the workshop’ and be heard. On the other hand, such intergenerational connection allows restoring cognitive connections inherent in science (and forming cognitive unity), regardless of administrative and managerial mistakes; (ii) issue was focused on the work of young researchers who would like to share their accumulated experience and observations with the world of science: both with their own and with other scientific communities.; (iii) issue demonstrated that science is not the property of a narrow circle of ‘mastodons’. Achieving this goal has been and remains a serious “challenge” for the editorial board of the “Space and Time” Publishing Project, as it implies opposition to the already established ‘stereotypes’ about science as ‘bone’, ‘complex’, ‘incomprehensible’, ‘boring’ field of educational activity that a priori cannot be interesting and exciting for young researchers; Over time, it became clear that the “Studia studiosorum” project has once more goal: our special issue became an educational platform for young researchers, where they go through all the main stages of working on an article, learn the basic mechanisms of this work, starting with creating a plan and ending with the final design of the article. We conclude that special issue of “Studia studiosorum: Achievements of Young Researchers” as an independent cognitive, sociocultural and educational project has already become a special space of successful intellectual and creative beginnings and undertakings, the topos of the future of Russian and world science. This project is becoming more and more obvious about itself as a ‘time-containing’ phenomenon, as a special ‘cognitive landscape’ where the past and the present are becoming the future before our very eyes.,
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  • Российская статистическая наука в первой половине XIX в. проходила сложный процесс институциализации. В этот период правительственная элита пришла к осознанию важности статистических сведений, необходимых для проведения эффективной внутренней политики. На протяжении александровского и николаевского царствований происходило оформление центральных государственных учреждений, ответственных за сбор и обработку статистических данных. Одновременно с развитием административной статистики в начале XIX в. стали возникать центры изучения статистической науки. Одной из особенностей развития зарубежной статистической науки в этот период стала организация ученых статистических обществ, которые должны были содействовать государственным органам в организации систематического статистического изучения страны. В России эта тенденция проявилась в создании в 1845 г. Русского географического общества, важнейшим направлением деятельности которого стали статистические исследования. Согласно временному уставу в составе РГО было создано Отделение статистики России, которое со временем стало центром объединения выдающихся ученых-статистиков и представителей государственных учреждений, собиравших статистические сведения. Первым председателем Отделения статистики стал академик П. И. Кеппен (1793– 1864), в 1847 г. его сменил А. П. Заблоцкий-Десятовский (1808–1882). В статье на основе как опубликованных, так и архивных источников, часть из которых впервые вводится в научный оборот, анализируется деятельность Отделения статистики РГО по составлению обобщающего статистического описания России. Этот проект стал главным направлением работы Отделения на первом этапе его существования, однако не был полностью реализован. Тем не менее была проделана обширная работа по выявлению, обработке и публикации статистических данных.,Russian statistical science went through a complex institutionalization process in the first half of the 19th century. In that period the ruling elite realized the importance of statistical information for effective domestic policy. During the reign of Alexander I and Nicholas I the central government agencies responsible for collecting and processing statistical data were formed. Simultaneously with the administrative statistics development the scientific centers for the statistical researches began to emerge. St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences was the first among them, but it could not meet the state and society needs for statistical knowledge. In the first half of the 19th century, the organizing of scientific statistical Societies became peculiar to the foreign statistical science. The Societies had to assist government agencies in organizing a systematic statistical study of European countries. In Russia this trend was manifested in the creation of the Russian Geographical Society in 1845. Statistical studies became one of the most important part of RGS activities. According to the Interim Statutes, the Russian Statistics Department was established as a part of the RGS. It eventually brought together prominent statistical scientists and state officials who collected statistical information. Academician P. I. Köppen (1793– 1864) was the first chairmen of the Statistics Department; in 1847 he was replaced by A. P. ZablotskyDesyatovsky (1808–1882). Based on both published and archival sources, the article analyzes the activity of the Statistics Department in composing and generalizing of statistical description of Russian state. This project became the main research focus of Statistics Department at the first stage of its existence. Due to resource constraints, scientists did not fully implement it in practice. However, plenty of statistical data, important for studying the country, was identified processed and published.,
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  • В статье описан один из главнейших художественных приемов В.П. Астафьева – стилизация авторской речи. В качестве доказательной базы используются лексемы диалектного, просторечного и разговорного характера, которые включены в речи повествователя «Царь-рыбы». Стилизация авторской речи связана и с происхождением писателя, его жизненным опытом, менталитетом, а также и с задачами, которые ставит в своих произведениях Виктор Петрович – отражение социально-бытового колорита населения верхнего и нижнего Енисея.,the article describes one of the main artistic techniques of V. p. Astafiev – stylization of the author's speech. The lexemes of dialectal, colloquial and colloquial character, which are included in the narrator's speech "king-fish", are used as evidence. The stylization of the author's speech is connected with the origin of the writer, his life experience, mentality, as well as with the tasks that Victor Petrovich sets in his works-the reflection of the social and everyday color of the population of the upper and lower Yenisei.,
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  • The article gives the basic conceptual concepts of sanity and irresponsibility. It is noted in the article that the subject of a crime may not be any natural person who has reached the age of criminal responsibility, it must still be sane. A person in a state of insanity is not subject to criminal liability and is not a subject of a crime (Article 21 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation).The article emphasizes that sanity is a normal state of mind of a healthy person, expressed in the ability to be aware of the actual nature and social danger of one’s deed and to lead it. In criminal law, the concept of "responsibility" is the antithesis of the concept of "insanity". Insanity is the inability of a person to give an account of his actions (inaction) and lead them at the time of the crime, due to a painful state of mind or dementia. The state of insanity is determined by the conclusion of a forensic psychiatric examination. The article briefly describes the relevant problems arising in connection with the determination of the state of insanity in practice.
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  • В статье рассматриваются некоторые проблемы регламентации налоговых льгот в российском законодательстве, существующие на сегодняшний день. Поднимаются вопросы, возникающие в науке налогового права; предлагаются варианты их решения.,The article questions some problems of regulation of tax exemptions in the Russian legislation that are existing today, as well as issues that are arising in the science of tax law, contains possible solutions,
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  • В статье на основе анализа правовой основы обеспечения военнослужащих денежным до­ вольствием выделены функции денежного доволь­ ствия военнослужащих органов государственной бе­ зопасности и факторы, его определяющие; показана взаимосвязь денежного довольствия с правовым ста­ тусом военнослужащего; обоснована необходимость поддержания надлежащего уровня денежного доволь­ ствия военнослужащих органов безопасности.,In the article, on the basis of the analy­ sis of the legal basis for providing servicemen with mon­ ey allowances, the functions of the money allowance of servicemen of state security bodies and the factors de­ termining it are highlighted; shows the relationship of the monetary allowance with the legal status of a sol­ dier; justified the need to maintain an adequate level of monetary allowances for security personnel.,
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  • Рассматриваются основные направления деятельности стратегии и тактике экстремистских организаций террористической направленности. Анализируются причины и условия появления и деятельности экстремистских организаций террористической направленности. Предлагаются основные направления профилактических мероприятий по предупреждению и противодействию экстремистским организациям террористической направленности в современной России.,The article deals with the main activities of the strategy and tactics of extremist organizations of terrorist orientation. The causes and conditions of emergence and activity of extremist organizations of terrorist orientation are analyzed. The main directions of preventive measures on prevention and counteraction to extremist organizations of terrorist orientation in modern Russia are offered.,
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  • Известный русский философ С. Л. Франк провел детство в Москве, но гимназию оканчивал в Нижнем Новгороде. Однако где именно проживала его семья в Нижнем Новгороде, до сегодняшнего дня оставалось неизвестным. Ни в опубликованных дневниках философа, ни в его эпистолярном наследии, ни в воспоминаниях родных и краеведческой литературе конкретный адрес автору данной статьи не встречался. Поиск косвенных свидетельств и обобщение имеющихся данных позволили восполнить этот пробел. Статья отражает ход и результаты поиска адреса С. Л. Франка во время его проживания в Нижнем Новгороде.,The famous Russian philosopher Semyon Ludwigovich Frank spent his childhood in Moscow, but graduated from gymnasium in Nizhny Novgorod. However, exactly where his family lived in Nizhny Novgorod, to this day remained unknown. In the published diaries of the philosopher, as well as in his epistolary heritage, memoirs of relatives or local history literature, the author did not meet the exact address of Frank’s residence in Nizhny Novgorod. This was an incentive to seek indirect evidence and generalize the available data on this issue in order to fill the gap. The article reflects the progress and search results for the address of S. L. Frank during his stay in Nizhny Novgorod.,
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