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The objective of this dataset was to present the forage biomass production over time in different pasture management systems. We selected two farms located in the Western region of São Paulo State, Brazil. Pasture field data collection was carried out in two farms during three dates (June and November 2018 and March 2019) over two seasons (wet and dry). Samples were regularly taken through time to monitor forage biomass. These fields represent a wide variety of pasture management, as follow: Farm 1 (Santa Clara): i) traditional, low forage productivity, cattle rotation; ii) traditional, intermediate forage productivity, fertilized, cattle rotation; iii) intensified pasture, high forage productivity, reformed, cattle rotation. Farm 2 (Poderosa): i) traditional degraded*, recently reformed with millet + grass, cattle rotation; ii) traditional, low forage productivity, signs of degradation, fertilized, cattle rotation. *degraded was based on visual analysis of pasture area with sparse grass and exposed soil in some areas. With the support of NDVI images from the MODIS sensor, sample pixels were used to allocate the sample points. The areas of these pixels were divided into nine sampling points and in each of these points, the forage biomass was collected. Soil analyses were also carried out in two seasons (June 2018 and March 2019). The data files were organized in three folders. Each folder represents one field campaign. These folders have a shapefile of all the fields, the same file in kml extension (to open on Google Earth) and a zip file with photography of each field during the field campaign. The attribute table of the shapefile has a description of the fields and biomass. Excel files show the same information of the attribute table and a description of the items. A figure with the template of the biomass collection scheme is also available. Soil analyses are in the folders 'June 2018' and 'March 2019'. A more detailed description and discussion about these data and their association with soil chemical analysis were described in a scientific report (available by request). The biomass collection allowed the analysis of the forage production and better diagnoses about resource utilization strategies over the different pasture systems. This work was funded by the São Paulo Research Foundation (process numbers 2018/10770-1, 2017/06037-4, 2016/08741-8, 2017/08970-0, 2018/11052-5 and 2014/26767-9) as part of the Global Sustainable Bioenergy Initiative.
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These datasets involve 1) ambient air quality testing, 2) spontaneous combustion fire frequency record, 3) temperature anomalies detected by Landsat, 4) photos of mine waste heap as well as affected environment, 5) estimation of remedial cost, 6) VDO of gas emission from a crack on top of the mine waste heap, and 7) XRD analysis of coal-mine waste
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Smoke Test on 17Jul2019 natscilivecustomer (Dataset-1) Smoke Test on 17Jul2019 natscilivecustomer (Dataset-2)
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Video S1 shows the process that the liquid level in the cylinder gradually decreased between 0 and 12 h, while the thickness of the bright thin layer at the bottom increased, which is the supplementary datum of Figure 1a. Video S2 presents that the gel, supported on the filter paper, can be obtained by decanting the upper suspension.
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Selective C-O activation of complex multifunctional molecules is an essential step for many important chemical processes. Although reducible metal oxides are active and selective towards reductive C-O bond scission via the reverse Mars-van Krevelen mechanism, the most active oxides undergo bulk reduction during reaction. Here, we report a strategy for C-O bonds activation by surface doping moderately reducible oxides with ultra-low loading of noble metals. We demonstrate the principle using highly dispersed Pt anchored onto TiO2 for furfuryl alcohol conversion to methyl furan. A combination of density functional theory calculations, catalyst characterization (STEM, EPR, FTIR and XAS), kinetic experiments, and microkinetic modelling expose significant C-O activation rate enhancement, without either bulk catalyst reduction or unselective ring hydrogenation. A methodology is introduced to quantify various types of sites, revealing that the cationic redox Pt on TiO2 surface is more active than metallic sites for C-O bond activation.
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This data repository contains 3 main files: 1) Excel tables with: - Input and results of the synthetic model runs (Table S3) - Input and results of model applied to sampling locations (Table S4) - Soil profile description for each sampled location 2) Map with the coordinates of the sampling locations (.gpx and .shp format) 3) Text file containing the spectra of the scanned regional samples in the Mid- Infrared region (MIR). Spectra are given as absorbance and already corrected for possible drift by dividing by the background samples
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Abolition of contractile activity in in vitro neuromuscular junctions within multi-nodal microfluidic chips using alpha-Bungarotoxin. Chips seeded as described above were allowed to mature for 21 days after seeding. Chips were selected for high contractile activity of myotubes that had visual contact with axons (more than 1 contraction per minute over 5 minutes with at least 1 contraction in each minute, the day prior to the experiment). Video of pre-experiment activity was recorded for 1 min followed by counting of the total number of contractions in 10 min. The cells were allowed to recover for 1 h at 37°C, 5% CO2 before addition of 1:100 of α-BTX at a final concentration of 1.25μM or of 0.75μl sterile PBS and incubation of 10 min at 37°C, 5% CO2. The α-BTX was only added to the central well containing the myotubes, which was fluidically isolated by hydrostatic pressure throughout the incubation. Another 1 min video of activity after intervention was recorded before counting the total number of contractions in 10 min. Cells were fixed immediately after the final count. For quantitative analysis the experiment was repeated with 10 min video being recorded as baseline followed by 1 h recovery at 37°C, 5% CO2 and treatment. Another 10 min video was recorded after treatment, and blinded quantification was carried out for both.
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Maps of clay, silt and sand contents (g kg-1) were predicted at 0-20 cm, 20-60 cm and 60-100 cm depths intervals by random forest regression in Google Earth Engine. Gridded soil information covers a part of the Midwest Brazil, from 12° S to 20° S and from 45° W to 54° W, and is available with 250m resolution. The maps were cross-validated and had Coefficient of Determination ranging from 0.64 to 0.85 at all depth intervals.
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Appendix B. PET imaging 3D rendered images. 1. PET 3D of 4-89Zr 2. PET 3D of 5-89Zr
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(1) conti2d-win10.zip includes manual, source code and pre-compiled executable file with and without GUI for Win10 system. (2) conti2d-master.zip includes manual, source code for Linux and Mac OS. (3) Tutorial_conti2d.mp4 is a video tutorial for executable program of conti2d with GUI.
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