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We demonstrate numerically that the temporal periodic modulation of the pump can excite regular transverse spatiotemporal intensity patterns in broad-area lasers. The Floquet stability analysis is used to characterize dynamics of modulated systems. Pattern formation occurs when the modulation frequency is approximately equal to the relaxation frequency or twice the value of this frequency. Instability of homogeneous oscillations leads to the formation of regular optical patterns such as stripes and hexagons. The characteristic sizes of the observed patterns are in good agreement with predictions of the Floquet analysis.
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We demonstrate numerically that the temporal periodic modulation of the pump can excite regular transverse spatiotemporal intensity patterns in broad-area lasers. The Floquet stability analysis is used to characterize dynamics of modulated systems. Pattern formation occurs when the modulation frequency is approximately equal to the relaxation frequency or twice the value of this frequency. Instability of homogeneous oscillations leads to the formation of regular optical patterns such as stripes and hexagons. The characteristic sizes of the observed patterns are in good agreement with predictions of the Floquet analysis.
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The combination of nonlinear and integrated photonics enables Kerr frequency comb generation in stable chip-based micro-resonators. Such a comb system will revolutionize applications, including multi-wavelength lasers, metrology, and spectroscopy. Aluminum gallium arsenide (AlGaAs) exhibits very high material nonlinearity and low nonlinear loss. However, difficulties in device processing and low device effective nonlinearity made Kerr frequency comb generation elusive. Here, we demonstrate AlGaAs-on-insulator as a nonlinear platform at telecom wavelengths with an ultra-high device nonlinearity. We show high-quality-factor (Q>105) micro-resonators where optical parametric oscillations are achieved with milliwatt-level pump threshold powers, which paves the way for on-chip pumped comb generation.
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The operation mechanism and the pulse property of an actively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on an acousto-optic modulator (AOM) switch with the injection seeding technique are investigated. Our results show that the Q-switched pulses can be locked to oscillate near a fixed frequency higher than that of the seed laser, though the frequency-shift effect of the AOM impedes stable cavity mode oscillations. The operation mechanism of such Q-switch fiber lasers can be explained by the mutual locking-in among the shifted frequency components originated from the injected coherence seed with the help of the gain dynamics of the Q-switch cavity. Moreover, narrow-linewidth Q-switched pulses with different repetition rates can be obtained with different cavity lengths for incredibly stable output pulses without any use of cavity-stabilized techniques.
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The operation mechanism and the pulse property of an actively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on an acousto-optic modulator (AOM) switch with the injection seeding technique are investigated. Our results show that the Q-switched pulses can be locked to oscillate near a fixed frequency higher than that of the seed laser, though the frequency-shift effect of the AOM impedes stable cavity mode oscillations. The operation mechanism of such Q-switch fiber lasers can be explained by the mutual locking-in among the shifted frequency components originated from the injected coherence seed with the help of the gain dynamics of the Q-switch cavity. Moreover, narrow-linewidth Q-switched pulses with different repetition rates can be obtained with different cavity lengths for incredibly stable output pulses without any use of cavity-stabilized techniques.
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We report on amplitude and phase imaging of out-of-plane sinusoidal surface vibration at nanometer scales with a heterodyne holographic interferometer. The originality of the proposed method is to make use of a multiplexed local oscillator to address several optical sidebands into the temporal bandwidth of a sensor array. This process is called coherent frequency-division multiplexing. It enables simultaneous recording and pixel-to-pixel division of sideband holograms, which permits quantitative wide-field mapping of optical phase-modulation depths. Additionally, a linear frequency chirp ensures the retrieval of the local mechanical phase shift of the vibration with respect to the excitation signal. The proposed approach is validated by quantitative motion characterization of the lamellophone of a musical box, behaving as a group of harmonic oscillators, under weak sinusoidal excitation. Images of the vibration amplitude versus excitation frequency show the resonance of the nanometric flexural response of one individual cantilever, at which a phase hop is measured.
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A 4-section semiconductor laser with integrated optical feedback has been shown experimentally to be capable of operating in either the short- or long-cavity regime, by controlling the device relaxation oscillation frequency relative to the external cavity frequency. Systematic increase of the laser injection current, and the resulting increase in relaxation oscillation frequency, allowed the transition between the two regimes of operation to be observed. The system displayed a gradual transition from a dynamic dominated by regular pulse packages in the short-cavity regime to one dominated by broadband chaotic output when operating in the long-cavity regime. This suggests that the “short cavity” regular pulse packages continue to co-exist with the “long cavity” broadband chaotic dynamic in the system studied. It is the relative power associated with each of these dynamics that changes. This may occur more generally in similar systems.
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Abstract This study investigated with observations and modeling using daily data of Long-Wave Radiation (RLW) the favorable phase to the convective activity associated with the low-frequency intrassazonal atmospheric variability known with Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) between the Indian Pacific region (INDI-PAC) and Northeastern Brazil (NEB) from November to May period of 1982 to 2013. The model used was the Global Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Model (OLAMV3.3) and observations were used for data generated by satellites by the Climate Prediction Center / National Ocean Atmospheric Admistration. The objective was to verify the time of the zonal band shift of these convective oscillations from its initial pulse, INDI-PAC region until reaching NEB. The data filtering method known as Lanczos Filter was applied in the band of 20-70 days in order to eliminate high oscillations, synoptic scales) and low frequencies (annual or more). Spectral characteristics using Wavelet analyzes showed that these oscillations between 20-70 days, from November to May, have a maximum energy spectrum in the observed data centered in the period of 8-16 pentads, end of December and beginning of April. The OLAM showed an advance of this maximum energy peak in the INDI-PAC region and an extension on the date of arrival in the NEB, meaning a delay, being that date for the end of April and May of this maximum of energy on the NEB.
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A 4-section semiconductor laser with integrated optical feedback has been shown experimentally to be capable of operating in either the short- or long-cavity regime, by controlling the device relaxation oscillation frequency relative to the external cavity frequency. Systematic increase of the laser injection current, and the resulting increase in relaxation oscillation frequency, allowed the transition between the two regimes of operation to be observed. The system displayed a gradual transition from a dynamic dominated by regular pulse packages in the short-cavity regime to one dominated by broadband chaotic output when operating in the long-cavity regime. This suggests that the “short cavity” regular pulse packages continue to co-exist with the “long cavity” broadband chaotic dynamic in the system studied. It is the relative power associated with each of these dynamics that changes. This may occur more generally in similar systems.
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  • Collection
We report on amplitude and phase imaging of out-of-plane sinusoidal surface vibration at nanometer scales with a heterodyne holographic interferometer. The originality of the proposed method is to make use of a multiplexed local oscillator to address several optical sidebands into the temporal bandwidth of a sensor array. This process is called coherent frequency-division multiplexing. It enables simultaneous recording and pixel-to-pixel division of sideband holograms, which permits quantitative wide-field mapping of optical phase-modulation depths. Additionally, a linear frequency chirp ensures the retrieval of the local mechanical phase shift of the vibration with respect to the excitation signal. The proposed approach is validated by quantitative motion characterization of the lamellophone of a musical box, behaving as a group of harmonic oscillators, under weak sinusoidal excitation. Images of the vibration amplitude versus excitation frequency show the resonance of the nanometric flexural response of one individual cantilever, at which a phase hop is measured.
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