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Total 200 participants, 100 male and 100 female were enrolled according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The Inclusion criteria were: apparently healthy males and females, age between 19 to 30 years old and agree to participate. Exclusion criteria were: pregnancy, lactation, patients with chronic diseases as arthritis, CVD, T2DM, hypothyroidism, hypertension, and intake of drugs that can affect weight e.g. corticosteroids, anti-depressive medications and insulin. A convenient sample was chosen for selection of enrolled participants, mainly from Taibah University as well as, graduated students in addition to students’ relatives and friends. The questionnaire concerned with demographic data, family history of obesity, physical activity level, and the age of introduction of olive oil in the dietary pattern was filled by face to face interview. Anthropometric measurements were obtained by trained team based on a standardized procedure. Using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria to define BMI categories (WHO, 1999). A BMI result of less than 18.5kg/m2 is considered underweight, 18.5-24.9 kg/m2 is normal, 25-29.9kg/m2 is overweight, while 30kg/m2 and above is obese. Waist circumference was measured using flexible measuring tape. The Waist circumference cut-offs based on ethnic specific values for European, Sub-Saharan African, Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern (Arab) which is >94 centimeters for men and >80 centimeters for women. Standardized methods were used for measurements. The weight was measured using electronic weight scale, while the height was measured using a stadiometer. Regarding Waist circumference measure, participants were asked to stand with back straight. Heavy clothing was removed from the waist line. The tape was aligned at the top of the hip bone (iliac crest) parallel with the edge of the last palpable rib (nearly 2 centimeters above the navel). The waist measure was taken at the end of a normal expiration and approximated to the nearest 0.5 cm. In accordance to WC definition, exclusion was done for obese and underweight participants (WHO, 2008). Detailed 24-hours recall were taken for two days and the mean level was calculated. Describing dietary intake with a special emphasis on olive oil consumption. Total olive oil consumption per day included green and black olives intake. Each three olives contain one gram of olive oil according to Diet Organizer analysis. Nutritional supplement intake was considered in the diet analysis. References: WHO. (1999). WHO consultation on obesity Obesity : preventing and managing the global epidemic : report of a WHO consultation. Retrieved from Geneva, Switzerland: http://apps.who.int/bmi/index.jsp?introPage=intro_3.html WHO. (2008). Waist circumference and waist-hip ratio: report of a WHO expert consultation. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/obesity/WHO_report_waistcircumference_and_waisthip_ratio/en/
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Objective: Intra-articular corticosteroid (IAS) injections are often used for the immediate relief of pain and inflammation in the joint of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients. However, studies identifying factors that can predict response to IAS injections are lacking. We aimed to assess the usefulness of serine proteinase activity measurements in PsA synovial fluid (SF) samples obtained at the time of injection in predicting clinical response. Methods: PsA patients with available SF samples from the knee joint were identified from the University of Toronto PsA cohort. Clinical response was defined as an absence of tenderness or swelling in the injected joint at the first post-injection visit, at either 3 or 6 months. Proteinase activity was determined by measuring cleavage of fluorogenic tri-peptide substrates for trypsin-like (VPR-AMC and VLK-AMC) and chymotrypsin-like (AAPF-AMC) serine proteinases. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) models were used to investigate which factors were associated with response. Results: A total of 32 patients with 60 injected joints and data available for follow-up at 3 or 6 months were included in the analysis, with 25 (41.7%) injected joints resulting in clinical response. Age, sex, active joint count, medications and serine proteinase activity at the time of injection were included as covariates. Only treatment with biologics was significantly associated with response at 3 or 6 months in the multivariate reduced model (OR 3.02, p = 0.027). Conclusion: We could not demonstrate an association between SF serine proteinase activity and response to IAS injection. Biologic agents significantly improve the likelihood of achieving clinical response.
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The datasets are part of the study titled "A web-based Delphi multi-criteria group decision-making framework for renewable energy project development processes." The study aims to outline and implement the web-based Delphi Multi-criteria Group Decision Making (Delphi-MGDM) Framework, which is intended to facilitate top-level group decision-making for renewable energy project development and long-term strategic direction setting. The datasets include: (1) the weights of criteria obtained from judgments of the experts, (2) the summary of criteria scores, (3) the comparison table dataset, and (4) the full report of the Visual PROMETHEE. “Criteria Weighing Dataset” is obtained from the judgment of experts using the AHP-Online System created by Klaus D. Goepel (available at https://bpmsg.com/ahp/ahp.php). On a pairwise comparison basis, we asked the experts to make their opinion on four (4) criteria and then the sixteen (16) sub-criteria in three rounds. The group weights after the third round are considered the final weights of criteria and sub-criteria. To rank RES using MCDA, we used the data from the literature and the Philippines’ DOE for all ten quantitative sub-criteria. However, there are six qualitative sub-criteria, so we asked the opinion of experts on how solar, wind, biomass, and hydropower are performing in each criterion based on their knowledge and expertise. This time, we used a self-derived questionnaire and as a summary of this process, we produced the “Scoring of Options Dataset.” We got the average, minimum and maximum values of the scores to make data for the ranking in three cases (realistic, pessimistic, and optimistic). "Comparison table" dataset is composed of comparison tables for the three cases. Table A reflects the data for realistic case in which we use the averages of the qualitative inputs from experts, the averages of quantitative data obtained in ranges, and the actual value of data not given in ranges. Table B reflects the data for the optimistic case. For qualitative data, we used the minimum value of the sub-criteria to be minimized and maximum value for sub-criteria to maximized. For quantitative data in ranges, we used the minimum value of cost sub-criteria and maximum value of benefit sub-criteria. We estimated fictitious data for some quantitative data not given in ranges. Table C reflects the data for the pessimistic case. We used the same concept with Table B, but with opposite choices. For instance, we used the maximum value of cost sub-criteria and minimum value of benefit sub-criteria for quantitative data. Finally, we used Visual PROMETHEE (available at http://www.promethee-gaia.net/vpa.html) to rank renewable energy sources. The "Visual PROMETHEE Full Report" dataset is the actual report exported from the Visual PROMETHEE application – containing a partial and complete ranking of RES.
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Table S1 Clinical features of patients with FTC in this study
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X-ray diffraction and energy dispersion X-ray fluorescence data for cathode materials of Li-ion batteries. Samples named as Blend, Cath1, Cath2, Cath3.
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Multi- and transgenerational effects of the insecticide Trebon 30 EC (active ingredient etofenprox) on life-history traits of the collembolan Folsomia candida was examined in a four-generation long laboratory study. The experimental set-up of both treatments was similar, except that in the multigenerational treatment all four generations were treated by the insecticide, and in the transgenerational treatment only the parent generation was treated, but the consecutive three generations not. If the generation was treated with insecticide, six sublethal concentrations of the Trebon 30 EC were applied to see dose-response effects. We concluded that the influence of both treatment methods is strong but appreciably distinct. In the multigenerational treatment, when all four generations were exposed to sublethal concentration of the insecticide, the population either become resistant, or it could compensate for the insecticide effect in the long term. According to our results, extinction could only arise if the Trebon 30 EC used repeatedly, and in five times higher concentration than the recommended field concentration. Moreover, a notable and apparent transgenerational effect was found as well. Whereas in the F1 and F2 generations a small number of life-history traits were changed, in F3 generation most of the measured parameters showed significant insecticide effect. This finding clearly indicates the long-term transgenerational effects, which are essential from ecological as well as environmental risk assessment point of view.
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HPHT crude oil-brine dynamic and equilibrium interfacial tension for CO2 flooding using a Pre-salt oil and high salinity brine.
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These are the data of our manuscript entitled “Identification of novel enzyme from Eufaucia pacifica that act as an eicosapentaenoic 8R-LOX and docosahexaenoic 10R-LOX”.
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Stable carbon isotope data for soil (5 sites) and vegetation, XRF data (2 sites) Pollen (5 sites) and OSL chronology (5 sites). All data with the exception of the stable carbon isotopes of soil is presented in tables within the manuscript
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Determining how emotional experience influences attention is a long standing goal of cognitive psychologists. Emotion is often broken down into two main dimensions, arousal and valence. While many theories focus more on the influence of one dimension than the other, the systematic investigation of the independent influences of the two dimensions of emotion on attention has been slow in the coming. In order to examine the relevance of both aspects of emotion and their interplay on attention simultaneously, in the current experiment we induced low (satisfaction) and high (happiness) arousal positive emotions and low (sadness) and high (anger) arousal negative emotions in subjects before having them complete an inattentional blindness (IB) test. In line with theories that focus on the role of valence, we found that negative emotions led to more IB than did positive emotions, and that arousal did not influence attention. Data were from an extended version of the EMO 16 akt (Schmidt-Atzert & Hüppe, 1996), the Affect Grid (Russell, Weiss, & Mendelsohn, 1989), as well as an Inattentional Blindness task. The study comprised a one factorial design including the between-subjects factor “induced emotion” with the five levels happiness (positive valence, high arousal), satisfaction (positive valence, low arousal), neutral emotion (neutral valence, low arousal), sadness (negative valence, low arousal), and anger (negative valence, high arousal). The design can also be described as a 2 (valence: positive vs. negative) x 2 (arousal: high vs. low) design with an additional control group (neutral valence with low arousal). The dependent variables were detection rates of the critical stimuli in trial 3 (i.e., the critical trial) and trial 5 (divided attention trial). The extended EMO 16 akt as well as the Affect Grid were collected before emotion induction (_1), after emotion induction (_2), and after the inattentional blindness task (_3). The inattentional blindness task comprised six trials. The 3rd (critical trial, inattentional trial), 5th (divided attention trial), and 6th (full attention trial) included an unexpected stimulus.
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