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We sampled plants and soils (down to 100 cm depth) in grasslands along a 2300 m altitude gradient (mean annual temperature (MAT) from 9 to 0.3°C) between steppes on the Loess Plateau and meadows on the Tibetan Plateau, China. A modified Hedley P fractionation in combination with root and microbial P and phosphatase activity was used to characterize P transformations.
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Raw data for FTIR, Hemocompatibility, Histomorphometry, Kimetics, Micro-CT and SEM-EDX
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Supplementary material to Olierook et al., 2020 Precambrian Research
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This table identifies risk factors for malignancy associated dermatomyositis (DM) within two years of DM diagnosis. Results show that the classic subtype of DM (CDM) and older age at DM diagnosis are independent risk factors for malignancy associated disease within the first two years of disease onset. This table demonstrates that the results are unchanged when early treated DM (ETDM) patients, defined as those treated with systemic immunosuppressants for more than 2 consecutive months within the first 6 months of skin disease onset, are grouped with CDM patients. DM, dermatomyositis; CDM, classic dermatomyositis; CADM, clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis; ETDM, early treated dermatomyositis
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We addressed the accuracy of Lung Ultrasound (LUS) to detect pneumothorax in children with acute chest pain evaluated in the pediatric Emergency Department (pED). Methods We prospectively analyzed patients from 5 to 17 years of age with acute chest pain and clinical suspicion of pneumothorax (PNX) evaluated at a tertiary level pediatric hospital. After clinical examination and before Chest X-Ray (CXR), children underwent LUS to evaluate the presence of PNX. Results We enrolled 77 children, 44 (57,1 %) male, with median age of 10 years and 3 months (IQR 6 years and 9 months - 14 years and 2 months). Thirty (39%) children had interstitial lung disease; 20/77 (26%) had pneumonia with or without pleural effusions; 7/77 (9,1%) had thoracic trauma; 7/77 (9,1%) had a final diagnosis of myo/pericarditis and 13 (16,9%) received a final diagnosis of PNX. In all 13 patients LUS showed the “bar-code sign” while in 12 (92,3%) there was the lung point, giving a diagnosis of PNX. All cases were confirmed by CXR. The lung point had a sensitivity of 92,3% and a specificity of 100%, a positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of 98,4 % for the detection of PNX. The “bar-code sign” had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 100%, a positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of 100% for the detection of PNX. Conclusions LUS is highly accurate in detecting or excluding pneumothorax in children with acute chest pain evaluated in the pediatric emergency department. Importantly, both lung-point and M-mode need to be performed when PNX is suspected.
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In view of the irregular trace distribution of rock discontinuities, rock mass appears as both a statistical distribution and a texture distribution in the spatial image. This paper proposes a new method on statistical texture analysis for automated demarcating the homogeneous domains of trace distribution within a rock mass. Grey-Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) is used to quantify the statistical texture features of trace distribution. Relativity, Inverse Difference Moment and Entropy are screened from ten texture parameters of GLCM using robustness analysis and using principal components analysis. The reliability of three screened texture parameters is verified by comparing the Chebyshev polynomials fitting of three screened texture parameters with Normal distribution, Fisher distribution, and Exponent distribution using χ2 testing. Automated demarcation of the homogeneous domains is implemented by means of classifying three texture parameters of Relativity, Inverse Difference Moment and Entropy in a moving window using the Iterative Self-Organizing Data Analysis Techniques Algorithm (ISODATA). The screening process of texture parameters and a case study indicates that texture parameters and automated demarcation method is so robust, reliable, and efficient that it could replace the traditional representation of the probability statistics in trace distribution and greatly save a lot of manual labor in a large-scale domain.
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Figures and Tables for the manuscript, 'Proteome- and genome- wide profiling of early duodenal cancer'.
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The files uploaded include working tables related to the bycatch mitigation and outcomes (Table A.1); seal exclusion device (SED) trials with problems encountered and how they were solved (Table A.2); square mesh net barrier trials (Table A.3); underwater footage analysed (Table A.4) and the current license conditions regarding SED requirements (Fig.A.1).
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We collected cross-sectional data in Hubei province, China in June 2019, by collaborating with a professional Chinese online survey platform. Specifically, structured questionnaires were sent out with a simple random sampling through emails, QQ and WeChat, and each interviewee who provides a valid sample was compensated with 5 CNY. Interviewees were first asked to recall and report their consumption experience(s) of agritourism, and those who had no such experience would be signed as invalid samples. It is therefore guaranteed that all valid samples come from customers who have actually visited agritourism farms.
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Figure S1 Size distribution of total RNA isolated from FFPE specimens
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