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  • Mono-methylation of histone H3 on lysine 4 (H3K4me1) and acetylation of histone H3 on lysine 27 (H3K27ac) are histone modifications that are highly enriched over the body of actively transcribed genes and enhancers. Although in yeast all H3K4 methylation patterns including H3K4me1 are implemented by Set1/COMPASS, there are three classes of COMPASS-like complexes in Drosophila that could carry out H3K4me1 on enhancers: dSet1, Trithorax and Trithorax-related (Trr). Here, we report that Trr, the Drosophila homolog of mammalian Mll3/4, can function as a major H3K4 mono-methyltransferase on enhancers in vivo. Loss of Trr results in a global decrease of H3K4me1 and H3K27ac in various tissues. Assays with the cut wing margin enhancer imply a functional role for Trr in enhancer-mediated processes. A genome-wide analysis demonstrates that Trr is required for H3K4me1 and H3K27ac on chromatin signatures that resemble the histone modification patterns described for enhancers. Since Trr and mammalian Mll3/4 complexes are distinguished by bearing a unique subunit, the H3K27 demethylase UTX, we propose a model in which the H3K4 mono-methyltransferase Trr, and the H3K27 demethylase, UTX, cooperate to regulate the transition from inactive/poised to active enhancers. ChIP-seq of Trr, LPT, UTX in Drosophila S2 Cells. ChIP-seq of H3K4me1, H3K4me3, H3K27ac, H3K27me3 in WT and Trr knock-down Drosophila S2 cells. ChIP-seq of H3K4me1, H3K27me3 in LPT knock-down Drosophila S2 cells. ChIP-seq of LPT and UTX in Trr knock-down Drosophila S2 cells. ChIP-seq of H3K4me1 and H3K27me3 in MLL1(+/+), MLL1(-/-), MLL3(+/+), and MLL3(-/-) Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts (MEFs).
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  • ChIP-seq was performed using Drosophila Kc167 cells using antibodies against H3K4me3 to identify active promoters and H3K4me1 to identify active enhancers. H3K27ac ChIPseq was performed to identify active promoters and enhancers. Once enhancers and promoters were identified, JIL-1 and histone phosphorylation, H3K9acS10ph and H3K27acS28ph, ChIP-seq was performed to look at binding trends. JIL-1 and phosphoacetlation is found at low levels at inactive enhancers and shows increase at active enhancers and promoters. Here we examine histone phosphorylation by JIL-1 and acetylation of H3K27ac by CBP at transcriptionally active vs. inactive promoters and enhancers. ChIP-seq is performed in Kc167 Drosophila cells using antibodies against JIL-1, H3K27acS28ph, H3K9acS10ph, H3K4me3, H3K4me1, and H3K27ac.
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  • The Drosophila ubiquitin receptor dDsk2 associates to chromatin and stabilizes binding of the euchromatic dHP1c/WOC/ROW-complex (dHP1EU) to the transcription-start site (TSS) of active genes ChIP-Seq peak calling of WOC, ROW, Z4, HP1c and Dsk2 against Input sample in Drosophila melanogaster S2 cells
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  • This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE37027: Cell type-specific gene expression profiling of Drosophila neurons [RNA-Seq] GSE37032: Cell type-specific chromatin profiling of Drosophila neurons [ChIP-Seq] Refer to individual Series
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  • ChIP-seq was performed to compare binding the genome-wide binding profile of the CLAMP transcription factor in two different Drosophila species. ChIP seq experiments compare the binding profile of CLAMP in female larvae to identify conservation of its binding sequence.
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  • We report the evolutionary behaviour of Polycomb group proteins, their recruitment factors and their underlying sequences by performing ChIP-seq analysis in 4-5 different Drosophila species. We demonstrate an extremely high conservation of Polycomb repressive domains across Drosophila species We validate few cases of PRE divergence that shows that cis-driven PRE evolution is a rare event. We further show that PHO recruitment to Polycomb domains is evolutionarily robust to motif changes and that PRC1 stabilizes binding of its key recruiter ChIP-seq analysis of histone marks and chromatin associated factors across 4-5 Drosophila species
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  • In order to idetify paused promoters in vivo, we performed tissue specific Pol II Chip-seq using mutant embryos for the dorsal gradient. We used two population of cells, either dorsal ectoderm cells (gd7 embryos) or mesodermal cells (Toll10b) embryos. ChIP-seq for Pol II in various Drosophila embryos
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  • Insulators are considered as chromosome organizers. BEAF, one of the insulator proteins, is highly conserved in Drosophila speies but also limited to Drosophila spcies. BEAF associates with TSS of active genes. Comparative study of BEAF binding landscapes in four Drosophila species reveals BEAF association with gene pairs, and the results suggest the role of gain or loss of BEAF binding during the speciation of Drosophila species. DNA sample from ChIP for BEAF and input are collected for each of four Drosophila species
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  • ChiP-seq profiling of Drosophila melanogaster salivary glands to identify targets for NSL1 and MCRS2.
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  • The genomic distribution of a novel transcription factor called M1BP was determined in Drosophila S2R+ cells Polyclonal antibody raised against M1BP was used to immunoprecipitate M1BP-DNA adducts generated by treating Drosophila cells with formaldehyde, lysing the cells, and shearing DNA by sonication. Immunoprecipitated DNA was sequenced using the AB SOLiD system.
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