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  • New vaccine design approaches would be greatly facilitated by a better understanding of the early systemic changes, and those that occur at the site of injection, responsible for the installation of a durable and oriented protective response. We performed a detailed characterization of very early infection and host response events following the intradermal administration of the modified vaccinia virus Ankara attenuated vaccine in non-human primates. Integrated analysis of the data obtained from in vivo imaging, histology, flow cytometry, multiplex cytokine, and transcriptomic analysis using tools derived from systems biology, such as correlation networks, showed a strong early local and systemic inflammatory response that peaked at 24 h, which was then progressively replaced by an adaptive response during the installation of the host response to the vaccine. Such comprehensive approaches should improve our understanding of how to effectively orientate the immune response, and could contribute to rational vaccine development.
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  • Analysis of Cas9/sgRNA mutagenic activity at a variety of loci in zebrafish. Each loci has a control, where no Cas9/sgRNA were injected. This is amplicon sequencing with Illumina, after PCR amplification. Data was processed with ampliCan R package version 1.1.1.
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  • In the current study we did microarray of upland rice cultivar Nagina22 for drought stress at reproductive stage (panicle initiation) and analyzed drought stress responsive genes. We have taken flag leaf for our study as it is most essential organ for photosynthesis in rice. Normal watering Vs Drought Stress Flag leaf of Control (Three biological replicates) plant of Nagina22: C1, C2, C3 Flag leaf of drought stressed (Three biological replicates) plant of Nagina 22: S1, S2, S3
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  • Transcriptional profiles were compared between wild type and the srk2abgh mutant under a dehydration stress condition.
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  • DNA microarray analysis was performed on RNA from a strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv in which the essential whiB1 gene was deleted from the chromosome but partially complemented by a wild type allele on a plasmid, compared to RNA from H37Rv wild type containing the same plasmid.
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  • To understand the regulation of cytotoxicity by decidual CD8+ T cells (CD8+ dT) at the maternal-fetal interface, gene expression analysis of CCR7-CD45RA- effector-memory CD8+ T cells isolated from peripheral blood of unrelated healthy controls and decidual tissue from first trimester (6-12 weeks) and term (>37 weeks) pregnancy was performed. Furthermore, first trimester decidual effector-memory CD8+ T cells were stimulated with anti-CD3/CD28 in the presence of IL-2 for 12 hours or 72 hours. RNA was isolated and gene expression profiles were generated by employing Affymetrix HG_U133_Plus 2 arrays on the Affymetrix Geneatlas system.
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  • Comparison of Ebf2-expressing bone marrow mesenchymal cells from Ebf2-GFP heterozgous and Ebf2-GFP homozygous (=knock-out) mice
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  • Transcription profiling of differential light treated Nematostella exposed to 12hr light: 12hr dark compared with 24hr complete darkness
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  • We performed an RNA-seq analysis on FACS-sorted CD4+ memory T cells (Tmem, CD4+CD25-CD45RA-) stimulated in vitro with anti-CD3/CD28 coated beads (1:5), IL-2 (100 U/mL) in the presence of a TNF-alpha inhibitor (Etanercept, ETN, 5 μg/mL) or recombinant human TNF-alpha (rhTNF-alpha, 50 ng/mL) treatment. The cells were cultured for three days at 37°C and 5% CO2. On day three Tmem were lysed (Buffer RLT supplemented with DTT, QIAGEN) and RNA extraction was performed (RNeasy Plus Micro kit), followed by sample preparation with TruSeq (polyA) mRNA kits (Illumina), RNA sequencing (carried out by an Illumina HiSeq2500), and the alignment of trimmed fastQ files to GRCh38 human reference genome. We also performed a Quality control (QC). This was done using the tool FastQC FastQC/0.11.3-Java-1.7.0_80. QC metrics were calculated for the aligned reads using Picard-tools picard/1.130-Java-1.7.0_80, CollectRnaSeqMetrics, MarkDuplicates, CollectInsertSize-Metrics and SAMtools/1.2-foss-2015b flagstat. Finally, we carried out a Differential expression gene (DEG) analysis using DESeq2, in order to evaluate the impact of ETN and rhTNF-alpha on Transcriptome profiling of stimulated CD4+ Tmem. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was carried out to visualise the samples given their entire transcriptome and any remaining batch effects.
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  • Meningococcal sepsis is an overwhelming form of the sepsis syndrome which may cause mortality within 12-24 hours in previously healthy children and adults, where the causative infectious agent is N. meningitidis, an obligate human pathogen. The genomic changes induced by N. meningitidis are modulated by the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10), which is present in large quantities in plasma from patients with meningococcal sepsis. This present study investigated kinase activities in human monocytes stimulated by N. meningitidis and IL-10. The first aim was to identify array peptides that could indicate which signaling pathways were activated or inhibited by the host response to the meningococci. The second aim was to detect whether IL-10 affected N. meningitidis-nduced phosphorylation of array peptides, in order to identify potential targets of the IL-10 anti-inflammatory response. We approached this using a strategy where elutriation-purified human monocytes are stimulated in vitro with N. meningitidis and IL-10, with concentrations corresponding to previously measured levels in patients with fulminant meningococcal septicemia. This work examined activation or inhibition of signaling pathways mediated by tyrosine kinases when purified human monocytes are in vitro incubated with N. meningitidis in the presence or absence of IL-10.
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