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  • Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the PBL-CBL combined teaching in thyroid surgery and observe from the students’ perspective and satisfaction in the learning process. Methods: We enrolled the fourth-year students majoring in clinical medicine and residents from September 2014 to June 2019. These participants were randomly allocated into either the PBL-CBL combined teaching group or the traditional lecture-based classroom group to attend course on the chapter of thyroid nodules. Both pre-class and post-class quizzes were conducted. The same anonymous questionnaire to evaluate their perception and experience were also required. Results: The pre-class quiz score in the Traditional group was significantly higher than that in the PBL-CBL group (P<0.001). After class, in the PBL-CBL group, the mean total quiz score, basic knowledge score and case analysis score significantly increased respectively(P<0.001). The performance improvement of the PBL-CBL group was significantly higher than that of the Traditional group (from 52.76 to 67.51 vs. from 67.03 to 71.97).The scores of learning motivation, understanding, student-teacher interaction, final examination, communication skills, clinical thinking skills, self-learning skills, teamwork skills and knowledge absorption in the surveys were significantly higher in the PBL-CBL group than in the Traditional group (P<0.001). Meanwhile, the score of free time consumed in the surveys were significantly lower in the PBL-CBL group than in the Traditional group (P<0.001). Conclusions: PBL combined with CBL is an effective method for medical students and residents to improve their performance and enhance clinical skills.
    Data Types:
    • Software/Code
    • Dataset
  • .The standards obtained by different text book about different Particles and Energy are different in different units. Like:- Mass value of Neutron 1.6749 x 10^-27 Kg. Proton mass 1.672623 x 10^-27 Kg, electron mass 9.109390 x 10^-31 Kg, Atomic mass 1.66050 x 10^-27 Kg in amu Unit, Neutron mass1.008664 u, Proton mass 1007276 u. electron mass 0.0005458 u. As per, e = mC^2 one energy 1.6021766 x 10^-34 Joule. Equivalent mass 1.782662 x 10^-36 Kg. There was a lot of curiosity in the quality of the same mass, same energy its answers and the strong desire to know the secrets of those numbers, digits, values. Then I went to find their relationship and saw the relationship between the values and numbers and digit obtained from all these units, and without unit. Find same value either quantity, or almost same number digit from these used Units and without Units, without power with power. For example 1.6021766 x 10^-34 Joule = 1.6021766 Unit. Energy 1.782662 x 10^-36 Kg. = 1.782662 Unit mass like this. I found the hadith of the original and prime, or root of numbers/digits in them. If the same result is found again and again and in different ways, then in the language of science it is considered as evidence. From this belief I have tried to present all those calculations in each article. It seemed my duty to tell everyone about it, Then in each article I have tried to describe each step as briefly as possible. Although I have to admit, I don't know how successful this effort has been with my little knowledge. In some cases, the change of language and the rules of writing in scientific terms have caused problems, So I have tried to make it suitable for all types of readers to understand easily. This article discusses the value of mass in each color’s light, and the value and origin of the digit and what their weight and mass might be.
    Data Types:
    • Dataset
    • Document
  • The dataset contains raw data from 154 foreign tourists visiting the city of Seville. The data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire in December 2017. Related research article: Juan Manuel Berbel-Pineda, Beatriz Palacios-Florencio, Luna Santos-Roldán, and José M. Ramírez Hurtado, Relation of Country-of-Origin Effect, Culture, and Type of Product with the Consumer’s Shopping Intention: An Analysis for Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises, Complexity. Article ID 8571530 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8571530
    Data Types:
    • Tabular Data
    • Dataset
    • Document
  • Data consist of three omic blocks from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), containing whole-genome profiles of -Gene expression (file GE.RData), -DNA methylation (file METH.RData), and -Copy number variants (file CNV.RData). Omic profiles consist of information from 5,408 tumor samples across 33 cancer types (as matrix rows), and 60,112 features (expression of 20,319 genes, methylation of 28,241 CpG islands, and copy number variant intensity for 11,552 genes). GE profiles by sample corresponded with the logarithm of RNA-Seq counts by gene (Illumina HiSeq RNA V2 platform). METH profiles corresponded with CpG sites B-values from the Illumina HM450 platform, summarized at the CpG island level, using the maximum connectivity approach from the WGCNA R package (Langfelder and Horvath 2008) , and further transformed into M-values (M=beta/(1-beta); Du et al. 2010). Omic blocks were adjusted for batch and tissue specific effects (see Gonzalez-Reymundez and Vazquez (2020) and references therein for further details on quality controls and data edition).
    Data Types:
    • Software/Code
    • Dataset
  • This is the template used for writing appeal letters for tofacitinib for alopecia areata for patients whose prescription plan has denied coverage
    Data Types:
    • Dataset
    • Document
  • This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of e-learning in the Al-Irsyad Al-Islamiyyah Woman Junior High School in Malang. The study was conducted on students in grades VII at Al-Irsyad Al-Islamiyyah Woman Junior High School in Malang, by using a quantitative approach and the type of research survey. The primary data sources were students in grades VIIA and VIIB, school web data and teachers at the Al-Irsyad Al-Islamiyyah Woman Junior High School in Malang. The instruments of data collection used questionnaires, observation and documentation of archives in Al-Irsyad Al-Islamiyyah Woman Junior High School in Malang as the object of research. Sampling data sources is done purposively. Data were analyzed using a test instrument validity, reliability test, as well as a descriptive analysis of data pre-test and post-test. Furthermore, the data elaborated and described T-test using SPSS 21,00. The results of the study show that the class learning based on e-learning strategy in the experimental class (VIIA) is more effective than learning in the control class (VIIB) in terms of student learning outcomes. Based on the t-test obtained P (0.698 ) > oc (0, 05), thus H0 be accepted. Through the calculation of normalized gain values between the experimental classes shows a higher number than the control class, namely g = 0.70 in the experimental class and g = 0, 60 in the control class
    Data Types:
    • Dataset
    • Document
  • The general purpose of this study; to determine whether the social appearance anxiety of the personnel working in the enterprises has an impact on the need for social approval. In the sub-objectives for the general purpose of the study; the levels of subdimensions of the participants' social appearance anxiety, need for social approval and sub-dimensions; It is aimed to reveal whether there is an interaction between the mentioned variables. Method: Since this study is for determining whether there is an effect between the two variables, the model was designed in the form of an interactive model. In this context, the relationship and interaction between social approval needs and sub-dimensions and social appearance anxiety are discussed separately. The sample group of the research consists of 424 personnel working in the upper and lower positions in the manufacturing sector in Adana and Mersin provinces. In order to collect data within the scope of the research, the social approval need scale developed by Karaşar and Öğmiş (2016) and consisting of three questions and 25 questions were used. In addition, a one-dimensional social appearance anxiety scale developed by Hart et al. (2008) and adapted to Turkish by Doğan (2010) and consisting of 16 questions was used. SPSS 21.0, a data analysis program, was used for the statistical solutions of the data collected with these scales. Results: As a result of the findings obtained, it was concluded that there was a low and moderately positive significant relationship between the need for social approval and its sub-dimensions and social appearance anxiety (r =, 383; and r =, 501 p <0.00). In addition, it was determined that perceptions about social appearance anxiety positively affect their perceptions about social approval need [(β =,461), (p <0.05)] (R2:, 212; p:,000). Discussion: In this research, in which employees' social appearance anxiety has an effect on the need for social approval, this study has emerged as an expected situation in which employees with social appearance anxiety can be affected in the same direction. Keyword: Managers and Employees, Need for Social Approval, Social Appearance Anxiety, Manufacturing Enterprises
    Data Types:
    • Dataset
    • Document
  • Questionnaire 1 solicits data on 'Factors affecting choice of bunkering port' and the 'Effect of IMO2020 in bunkering port choice ' Questionnaire 2 solicits data on 'Opinions on the subjective key performance factors' The results-file considers all input received and analyses the feedback by using fuzzy-TOPSIS.
    Data Types:
    • Tabular Data
    • Dataset
    • Document
  • Data on the response of immunoglubulins IgG, IgM, and IgA towards adjuvanted-PHA/PMB2 vaccine (adjuvanted-polyhydroxyalkanoate/P. multocida serotype B:2 vaccine) showed extended release and effectivity of vaccine with the use of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) as an adjuvant in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats throughout an eight-week experiment. Data consists of raw and statistical analysis results on the changes in immunoglobulin concentrations (OD 450 nm) when four different treatment groups were administered intramuscular (IM) injection: 1) non-treatment as control, 2) P(3HB) adjuvant, 3) PMB2 vaccine, and 4) adjuvanted-P(3HB)/PMB2 vaccine.
    Data Types:
    • Dataset
    • Document
  • The basic paradigm of rehabilitation is based on the brain plasticity, and for promoting it, test-retest reliability (TRR) of brain activation in which certain area of the brain is repeatedly activated is required. In this study, we investigated whether the robotic passive movement has the TRR of brain activation. Because active training has been shown to have TRR, but there are still arguments over the TRR by passive movement. In order to test TRR, ten repetitive sessions and various intervals (one day, three days, seven days, 23 days, 15 minutes, and six hours) were applied to five subjects, which had the same statistical power as applying two sessions to 50 subjects. In each session, three robot speeds (0.25Hz, 0.5Hz, and 0.75Hz) were applied to provide passive movement using the robot. The fNIRS signal (oxy-Hb) generated in the primary sensorimotor area (SM1) was measured on a total of 29 channels. At this time, we used activation maps and Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values to examine the TRR and the effect of robot speeds and intervals on TRR. As a result, activation maps showed prominent variation regardless of robot speeds and interval, and the ICC value (=0.002) showed no TRR of brain activation for robotic passive movement.
    Data Types:
    • Software/Code
    • Tabular Data
    • Dataset
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