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By applying the spray method (IEC Standard 62073), about 4500 photos were collected and are available online, from all hydrophobicity classes using distilled water-ethyl alcohol as spraying solution. The pictures of the seven different hydrophobicity classes were split into three separate sets for each hydrophobicity class. The first one consisting of 400 instances of each class (400 × 7 = 2800 photos) was used for the training of the networks. The second one consisting of 100 instances of each class (100 × 7 = 700 photos) was used for the evaluation-validation of the learning course and the comparison of the different models. The last one with 122-165 different instances of each class (980 photos) was used for the final assessment of our chosen model.
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The wide disparity in adult body size observed both within and among animal taxa has long attracted widespread interest, with several general rules having been proposed to explain trends in body size evolution. Adult body size disparity among the cephalopod mollusks is remarkable, with adult body sizes ranging from a few centimeters to several meters. Some of the smallest cephalopods are found within Pickfordiateuthis, a group comprising four species of squid found in the western Atlantic and tropical eastern Pacific. Pickfordiateuthis pulchella, the type species of the genus, was initially proposed to be closely related to the loliginid squids (Loliginidae), with subsequent descriptions of additional species supporting a placement within Loliginidae. Pickfordiateuthis is remarkable in that all species reach sexual maturity at about one-fifth to one-tenth the size seen in most loliginid species. To date, no phylogenetic analyses have included representatives of Pickfordiateuthis. To infer the phylogenetic position of Pickfordiateuthis and explore its implications for body size evolution, we collected specimens of Pickfordiateuthis pulchella from Brazilian waters and sequenced regions of two loci—the mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit (rrnL a.k.a. 16S) gene and the nuclear gene rhodopsin. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian analyses of these sequences support a placement of Pickfordiateuthis pulchella as sister to a clade comprising the Western Hemisphere loliginid genera Doryteuthis and Lolliguncula. Analyses of body size evolution within Loliginidae suggest that a shift to a smaller body size optimum occurred along the lineage leading to P. pulchella, with some evidence of shifts toward larger sizes in the ancestors of Loligo and Sepioteuthis; these inferences seem to be robust to phylogenetic uncertainty and incomplete taxon sampling. The small size and juvenile-like morphological traits seen in adult Pickfordiateuthis (e.g., sepiolid-like fins and biserial sucker arrangement in the tentacles) may be due to paedomorphosis.
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Data from: Bitomský M., Mládková P., Pakeman RJ, & Duchoslav M. (2020). Clade composition of a plant community indicates its phylogenetic diversity. Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1002/ece3.6170 Data summarises results from the case studies and simulations presented in our paper. In addition, we provide an R script for calculation of proposed phylogenetic diversity metrics (the clade indices). Brief description of each file: 1. Grasslands_DNA_markers_info.xls - Accession numbers of all DNA markers used for phylogeny inference in grasslands 2. Grasslands_DNA_alignment_BEFORE_GBlocks.fasta - DNA alignment matrix before utilisation of the GBlocks tool 3. Grasslands_DNA_alignment_AFTER_GBlocks.fasta - DNA alignment matrix after utilisation of the GBlocks tool 4. Grasslands_BEAST_file.xml - BEAST .xml file submitted to the CIPRES portal (www.phylo.org) 5. Grasslands_tree.txt - Dated MCC tree, grasslands (newick format) 6. Grasslands_tree.nex - Dated MCC tree, grasslands (nexus format) 7. Phyto-database_pruned_tree.txt - Pruned dated tree from the super tree of European flora (Durka & Michalski 2012, Ecology), phytosociological database (newick format) 8. Plot_data.slx - plot data of all case studies + species lists 9. Simulation_results.txt - Summary of R2 values (phylogeny-based metric ~ the clade index) for simulated phylogenies and community matrices (manipulated: phylogenetic scale, species pool size and species richness range) 10. Bitomsky2020EE_R_script_indices.R - An R script for computation of the clade indices (with notes and examples)
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Open data and R analysis scripts for the paper as submitted for publication: "Poppelaars, E. S., Klackl, J., Pletzer, B., & Jonas, E. (2020). Delta-beta cross-frequency coupling as an index of stress regulation during social-evaluative threat." Hypotheses and analyses were preregistered: Poppelaars, E. S., Klackl, J., Pletzer, B., & Jonas, E. (2018). Delta-beta cross-frequency coupling as an index of stress regulation during social-evaluative threat. Open Science Framework. https://osf.io/8gchf/register/565fb3678c5e4a66b5582f67. Description of the dataset: A dataset of 37 men and 30 women (tested in the luteal phase of their menstrual cycle) participated in a public speaking task to induce social-evaluative threat. Responses of multiple stress systems were measured (sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system activity, self-reported affect, and hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis activity), as well as personality traits (e.g. trait social anxiety), and EEG delta-beta cross-frequency coupling (e.g., frontal and parietal amplitude-amplitude correlation and phase-amplitude coupling). Description of analyses files: - File 'README.txt' contains the description of the files (metadata). - File 'SET_CFC_MatlabOutput.xlsx' contains the delta-beta coupling data, calculated using MATLAB scripts from https://github.com/ESPoppelaars/Cross-frequency-coupling. - File 'SETData.sav' contains the raw stress and personality data, taken from https://doi.org/10.17632/7vj8r76s6f. - Files 'SET_CFC.outl.del.RData' contains the complete dataset with missing values and outliers deleted. - File 'Codebook_SET_CFC.outl.del.csv' contains a description of all variables in the 'SET_CFC.outl.del.RData' file (metadata). - Files 'SET_CFC.outl.del.imp.RData' and 'SET_CFC.outl.del.imp.extra.RData' contain multiple imputed datasets (without missing values) that can be used to reproduce results from the paper. - File 'LSA_HSA_brief.RData' contains data to use as informed priors for the Bayesian analyses, calculated from data published at https://doi.org/10.3758/s13415-018-0603-7. - File 'Codebook_LSA_HSA_brief.csv' contains a description of all variables in the 'LSA_HSA_brief.RData' file (metadata). - File '01_CalculationOfData.R' is an R analysis script that imports the raw data, calculates new variables, and imputes missing data via multiple imputation using the 'predictorMatrixAdj.xlsx' file. - File '02_AnalysisOfImputedData.R' is an R analysis script that calculates descriptive statistics, creates plots, and tests hypotheses using t-tests, Bayesian statistics, and multiple lineair regressions. Also uses the custom functions: 'BF.evidence.R', 'cohen.d.magnitude.R' and 'p.value.sig.R', as well as the 'BF_t.R' file as taken from https://doi.org/10.17045/sthlmuni.4981154.v3.
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Replication files and data for De Visscher, Eberhardt and Everaert, "Estimating and Testing the Multicountry Endogenous Growth Model," Journal of International Economics.
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Model outputs used for the paper entitled: "Quantifying the Impact of Excess Moisture from Transpiration from Crops on an Extreme Heat Wave Event in the Midwestern U.S.: A Top-down Constraint from MODIS Water Vapor Retrieval."
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Selected World Ocean Datasets of the CTD profiles with vertical resolution greater than 1 meter.
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This data set contains properties of the chromatin fiber sampled from molecular biosystems simulations and is created to support a manuscript "Submolecular-resolution 3D Simulations of the Oct4 Promoter Region Predict Structural Mechanism of Heterochromatin Formation". The included properties are radius of gyration (Rg_Mean), number of HP1-mediated inter-nucleosome bridges (nBridges_Mean), average size of HP1-mediated loops (mBRIDGE_loop_Mean). Each value is a mean over 100 simulation snapshots.
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The raw data and the experimentally obtained images captured in this study. The raw data can be opened by Origin software.
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Termites are present in different environments, they perform the functions of cycling organic compounds in the soil and decomposing organic matter. Through this behavior, some species can generate great economic losses in the agricultural environment for some cultures. Such insects can communicate through semi-chemical and vibroacystic signals. These signals transmit different types of messages. The vibroacoustic signals occur when there is interaction between the generated vibrating waves, which can, consequently, generate understandable optical interference phenomena when light is applied, one of these phenomena that can be understood is the dynamic biospeckle. It is proposed in this research, to evaluate the bioactivity of the termite Nasutitermes corniger (Insecta: Isoptera) during the walk using the optical phenomenon of interference Biospeckle. Termites were collected in colonies present on the University campus of the Federal University of Sergipe-UFS. 25 individuals were randomly selected, distributed in 5 groups. Such individuals will be submitted to the simulation activity of walking in arenas created using Petri dishes (14 x 1.5 cm) which were exposed to laser light, during the movement of the insect videos were captured which were later processed using the Generalized Differences Method and the Moment of Inertia. It was possible to detect the areas of walking and of greater activities caused naturally by the groups of Nasutitermes corniger present in the arenas, as well as the method of MI showed to be significantly different when analyzed before and during the walking. Thus, it is possible to analyze the walking activity of Nasutitermes corniger by means of dynamic biospeckle in different types of light, which can be applied as a possible tool to evaluate the termite's bioactivity.
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