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Supplementary data from the following publication: Keating, J.N., Sansom, R.S., Sutton, M.D., Knight, Chris G., and Garwood, R.J. Morphological phylogenetics evaluated using novel evolutionary simulations. Systematic Biology. This comprises: exemplar outputs from both the TREvoSim and MBL2017 software; the R functions employed herein for node-based distance measures; the scripts used for analysis for this study; output codes for the current study for use with the TREvoSim logging system, and the modified source code for the USPR software used herein. USPR was coded by Chris Whidden and Frederick Matsen, and published under a GNU liscense. The software is described in the following publication: Whidden C., Matsen F. 2018. Calculating the Unrooted Subtree Prune-and-Regraft Distance. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. 16(3):898–911.
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Sulfur nanoparticles (S-NPs) were prepared using rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) leaves aqueous extract and sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate (Na2S2O3.5H2O) at room temperature. The S-NPs were characterized by UV–visible spectrophotometer, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The sulfur nanoparticles are crystalline in nature with average size of 40 nm. The morphology of S-NPs could be controlled by tuning the amount of rosemary leaves aqueous extract and sulfur ions. The cytotoxic effects of the S-NPs on hatching of second stage root-knot and mortality of second stage of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne javanica) were tested. These results confirmed that the S-NPs synthesized using rosemary leaves aqueous extract and could possibility be used as anti-nematocide to manage M. javanica infestation.
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There are 31 participants, and the data collected in our lab (MAE104 – Clifton, Nottingham Trent University) from Oct 2018 to Dec 2018. We used our devices which are EEG, fNIRS for recording physiological data, and laparoscopic trainer box to perform basic laparoscopic tasks. The laparoscopic tasks are the Ring Transfer and Threading tasks. The Ring Transfer task involved grasping, lifting and relocating rings from one rod to another using both surgical instruments and was performed on a ring stack base (Inovus Medical, St Helens, UK). Four rods were selected and labelled A, B, C and D, at the left-hand bottom, top left-hand, top right-hand and bottom right-hand corners on the ring stack base respectively. Four rings were initially put over rod A at the beginning of the trial. The procedure includes picking up a ring from rod A and placing it onto rod B with the left-hand only. After transferring all four rings to rod B, participants used their left-hand only to grasp and lift up each ring, pass it to the right-hand and place it on rod C. The procedure was completed by moving the rings individually from rod C to D using the right-hand only. Threading task consisted of passing a piece of string through the holes in a pre-determined order. The holes were labelled 1-7 in a zigzag pattern on the Threading base. Participants could use both surgical tools, however, no restriction was made on the use of right, left or both hands.
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Plants are frequently utilized as biological indicators for the extent of air pollution. They are organisms that are sensitive to pollutants in the air and many studies are focused on the morphological, physiological, and histochemical effects of air pollutants on plants. Various experiments have been conducted to explain the interaction of plants and those pollutants. Deciduous tree plant species growing naturally in Bulgaria, such as Acer campestre L. (field maple), A. tataricum L. (tatarian maple), and four cultivated: A. negundo L. (box elder), A. saccharinum L. (silver sycamore), Morus alba L. (white mulberry), and Platanus acerifolia Willd. (London plane) have been investigated. There were found increasing the formation of Ca-oxalate crystals in the lamellae of Morus alba L. under polluted air conditions or scattering of them in a different way in Acer negundo L. The most pronounced depositions of different types of calcium crystals were observed in the most resistant to pollution and dry environment species Morus alba L. Further investigations are needed to specify the relation between biomineralization and specific environmental conditions.
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Yamada, Aiki, Nguyen, Dai D., Eguchi, Katsuyuki (2020): Unveiling the morphology of the Oriental rare monotypic ant genus Opamyrma YAMANE, BUI & EGUCHI, 2008 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Leptanillinae) and its evolutionary implications, with first descriptions of the male, larva, tentorium, and sting apparatus. Myrmecological News 30: 27-52, DOI: 10.25849/myrmecol.news_030:027
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This work presents eight demonstrators and one showcase developed within the 5G-Xcast project. They experimentally demonstrate and validate key technical enablers for the future of media delivery, associated with multicast and broadcast communication capabilities in 5th Generation (5G). In 5G-Xcast, three existing testbeds: IRT in Munich (Germany), 5GIC in Surrey (UK), and TUAS in Turku (Finland), have been developed into 5G broadcast and multicast testing networks, which enables us to demonstrate our vision of a converged 5G infrastructure with fixed and mobile accesses and terrestrial broadcast, delivering immersive audio-visual media content. Built upon the improved testing networks, the demonstrators and showcase developed in 5G-Xcast show the impact of the technology developed in the project. Our demonstrations predominantly cover use cases belonging to two verticals: Media & Entertainment and Public Warning, which are future 5G scenarios relevant to multicast and broadcast delivery. In this paper, we present the development of these demonstrators, the showcase, and the testbeds. We also provide key findings from the experiments and demonstrations, which not only validate the technical solutions developed in the project, but also illustrate the potential technical impact of these solutions for broadcasters, content providers, operators, and other industries interested in the future immersive media delivery.
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Output from simulations by Song et al., 2019 that is re-archived for the presentation in Burkholder et al., 2020.
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Смутчак З. В., Ситник О. Ю. Проблеми вимушено переселених осіб з Донецької та Луганської областей до інших регіонів України. Сталий політико-правовий, соціально-економічний та екологічний розвиток України: виклики і перспективи: матеріали Всеукраїнської науково-практичної конференції (м. Львів, 29 травня 2020 р.). Львів: ГО «Прості питання», 2020. С. 6–10.
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The increasing amount of falling rain may cause several problems especially in urban areas, which drainage system can often not handle this large amount in a short time. Confirming a flooded scene in a timely manner can help the authorities to take further actions to counter the crisis event or to get prepared for future relevant incidents. This paper studies the detection of flood events comparing two successive in time Sentinel-2 images, a method that can be extended for detecting floods in a time-series. For the flood detection, fine-tuned pre-trained Deep Convolutional Neural Networks are used, testing as input different sets of three water sensitive satellite bands. The proposed approach is evaluated against different change detection baseline methods, based on remote sensing. Experiments showed that the proposed method with the augmentation technique applied, improved significantly the performance of the neural network, resulting to an F-Score of 62% compared to 22% of the traditional remote sensing techniques. The proposed method supports the crisis management authority to better estimate and evaluate the flood impact.
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Languages change over time and, thanks to abundance of digital corpora, their evolutionary analysis using computational techniques has recently gained much research attention. In this paper, we focus on creating a database to investigate the similarity in evolution between different languages. We look in particular into the similarities and differences between the use of corresponding words across time in English and French, two languages from different linguistic families yet with shared syntax and close contact. To analyze this evolution, we select a set of cognates in both languages and study their temporal changes and correlations. We propose a new database for computational approaches of synchronized diachronic investigation of language pairs, and subsequent novel findings stemming from the cognates temporal comparison of the two chosen languages. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first in the literature to use computational approaches and large data to make a cross-language temporal analysis.
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