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  • Here we improved BiTS-ChIP (Bonn et al, Nature Protocols 7, 978-994 (2012)) to identify active enhancer and promoter elements genome wide in the 104 cardiomyocytes that constitute the Drosophila heart tube and represents only ~0.5% of the total cell content of the embryo. A transgenic Drosophila strain expressing nuclear GFP under the control of a cardiac specific enhancer (TinC*>GFP) was used for staged embryo collections at stages 13-14 (10-13h of development). After embryo fixation and dissociation, intact fixed nuclei were fluorescent labelling. Purification of this rare nuclear population was achieved by a two-step sorting procedure, yielding ~98% purity. Chromatin was extracted and used for immunoprecipitation and sequencing (ChIP-seq) to analyze chromatin modifications at promoters (H3K4me3 and H3K27ac) and enhancers (H3K27ac). Two independent biological replicates (from FACS sorting, chromatin preparations and ChIP-Seq) were performed for each mark and sequenced using Illumina HiSeq.
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  • This submission data was generated in Angela Stathopoulos's lab. Project goal was to map Su(H) associated regions on Drosophila melanogaster genome. In Drosophila embryos, a nuclear gradient of Dorsal (Dl) directs differential gene expression along the dorsoventral (DV) axis, translating it into distinct domains separated by sharp boundaries between future mesodermal, neural and ectodermal territories. However, the mechanisms used to differentially position gene expression boundaries along this axis are not fully understood. Here, we show that the transcription factor Suppressor of Hairless [Su(H)] influences the positioning of dorsal boundaries for many genes expressed along the DV axis. Synthetic reporter constructs provide molecular evidence that Su(H) binding sites support repression and act to counterbalance activation through Dl and the ubiquitous activator Zelda. Overall, our study highlights a role for broadly expressed repressors, like Su(H), and organization of transcription factor binding sites within cis-regulatory modules as important elements controlling spatial domains of gene expression, to facilitate flexible positioning of boundaries across the entire DV axis. 1 g of 2-4 hour yw embryos were used. Two replicate ChIP-seq samples were analyzed using goat (Santa cruz goat polyclonal #sc-15813), and rabbit (Santa cruz rabbit polyclonal #sc-25761) antibodies.
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  • Here we improved BiTS-ChIP (Bonn et al, Nature Protocols 7, 978-994 (2012)) to identify active enhancer and promoter elements genome wide in the 104 cardiomyocytes that constitute the Drosophila heart tube and represents only ~0.5% of the total cell content of the embryo. A transgenic Drosophila strain expressing nuclear GFP under the control of a cardiac specific enhancer (TinC*>GFP) was used for staged embryo collections at stages 13-14 (10-13h of development). After embryo fixation and dissociation, intact fixed nuclei were fluorescent labelling.  Purification of this rare nuclear population was achieved by a two-step sorting procedure, yielding ~98% purity. Chromatin was extracted and used for immunoprecipitation and sequencing (ChIP-seq) to analyze chromatin modifications at promoters (H3K4me3 and H3K27ac) and enhancers (H3K27ac).  Two independent biological replicates (from FACS sorting, chromatin preparations and ChIP-Seq) were performed for each mark and sequenced using Illumina HiSeq.
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  • We applied ChIP-seq to map the chromosomal binding sites for two nucleosome remodeling complexes containing the ATPase ISWI, ACF and RSF, in Drosophila embryos. Employing a panel of polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies directed against their signature subunits, ACF1 and RSF1, robust profiles were obtained indicating that both remodelers co-occupied a large set of active promoters. For further validation we repeated the mapping using chromatin of mutant embryos that do not express ACF1 or RSF1. Surprisingly, the ChIP-seq profiles were unchanged, suggesting that they were not due to specific immunoprecipitation. Conservative analysis lists about 3000 chromosomal loci, mostly active promoters that are prone to non-specific enrichment in ChIP and give rise to ‘Phantom Peaks’. These peaks are not obtained with pre-immune serum and are not prominent in input chromatin. Examination of various ACF1 and RSF1 antibodies in Drosophila melanogaster embryos which are wildtype or mutant for the antibody targets.
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  • Genome-wide mapping of protein–DNA interactions is essential for a full understanding of transcriptional regulation. A precise map of binding sites for transcription factors, core transcriptional machinery is vital for deciphering the gene regulatory networks that underlie various biological processes. Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIPseq) is a technique for genome-wide profiling of DNA-binding proteins. However, our conventional ChIPseq occasionally gives wider peaks which might be due to overlapping binding sites of two or more transcription factors. Therefore, to improve the resolution of our conventional ChIPseq which have DNA-protein footprint of ~100 bp, we decreased the size of DNA-protein footprint to ~ 50 bp by DNaseI digestion of whole cell extract (WCE). ChIP-seq for Twist transcription factor in Drosophila embryos
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  • We performed H3K9me2-based ChIP-seq to identify regions of the Drosophila genome that are H3K9me2-depleted due to transgenic neuronal expression of human mutant tau. Examination of H3K9me2 histone methylation in 10 day old control and tau transgenic Drosophila heads.
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  • [original title] Binding site turnover produces pervasive quantitative changes in transcription factor binding between closely related Drosophila species. We demonstrate extensive quantitative changes in binding of six factors that control early embryonic patterning between two closely related Drosophila species ChIP-Seq based binding measurements of six transcription factors in embryos of two Drosophila species, D.melanogaster and D.yakuba.
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  • This is a dataset generated by the Drosophila Regulatory Elements modENCODE Project led by Kevin P. White at the University of Chicago. It contains genome-wide binding profile of the factor H3K27me3 from D.yak_WPP generated by ChIP and analyzed on Illumina Genome Analyzer. A validated dataset is comprised of three biological replicates for ChIP-chip experiments and two replicates for ChIP-seq and meet the modENCODE quality standards. The control sample is the chromatin Input used for ChIP. Factors binding profiles are generated by using specific antibodies for the protein of interest.
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  • ChIP-seq was performed using Drosophila Kc167 cells using antibodies against the two isoforms of Fs(1)h, the Brd4 homologue. Differences in binding patterns between the two isoforms are described. We examined the differences in Fs(1)h isoform binding across the genome and describe the short isoform to be correlated with transcription at enhancers and promoters. The long isoform is found predominately at insulator binding sites where multiple insulators are bound.
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  • This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE31895: ChIP with anti-orc2 antibody to identify regions of orc binding in third instar salivary glands of WT and SuUR mutant Drosophila GSE31896: RNAPolII ChIP to find differences between third instar salivary glands of WT and SuUR GSE31897: ChIP with anti-H3K27me3 to compare binding in salivary glands of WT and SuUR Drosophila GSE31898: CGH to ascertain levels of gDNA in third instar salivary glands of various mutant Drosophila GSE31899: ChIP-Seq of ORC2 bound to third instar salivary gland DNA in WT and mutant Drosophila, analyzed by Illumina sequencing GSE33017: Expression profile of third instar larval salivary gland tissue Refer to individual Series
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