Filter Results
463 results
  • ChIP-seq was performed using Drosophila Kc167 cells using antibodies against the two isoforms of Fs(1)h, the Brd4 homologue. Differences in binding patterns between the two isoforms are described. We examined the differences in Fs(1)h isoform binding across the genome and describe the short isoform to be correlated with transcription at enhancers and promoters. The long isoform is found predominately at insulator binding sites where multiple insulators are bound.
    Data Types:
    • Text
  • Genome-wide mapping of protein–DNA interactions is essential for a full understanding of transcriptional regulation. A precise map of binding sites for transcription factors, core transcriptional machinery is vital for deciphering the gene regulatory networks that underlie various biological processes. Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIPseq) is a technique for genome-wide profiling of DNA-binding proteins. However, our conventional ChIPseq occasionally gives wider peaks which might be due to overlapping binding sites of two or more transcription factors. Therefore, to improve the resolution of our conventional ChIPseq which have DNA-protein footprint of ~100 bp, we decreased the size of DNA-protein footprint to ~ 50 bp by DNaseI digestion of whole cell extract (WCE). ChIP-seq for Twist transcription factor in Drosophila embryos
    Data Types:
    • Text
  • We applied ChIP-seq to map the chromosomal binding sites for two nucleosome remodeling complexes containing the ATPase ISWI, ACF and RSF, in Drosophila embryos. Employing a panel of polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies directed against their signature subunits, ACF1 and RSF1, robust profiles were obtained indicating that both remodelers co-occupied a large set of active promoters. For further validation we repeated the mapping using chromatin of mutant embryos that do not express ACF1 or RSF1. Surprisingly, the ChIP-seq profiles were unchanged, suggesting that they were not due to specific immunoprecipitation. Conservative analysis lists about 3000 chromosomal loci, mostly active promoters that are prone to non-specific enrichment in ChIP and give rise to ‘Phantom Peaks’. These peaks are not obtained with pre-immune serum and are not prominent in input chromatin. Examination of various ACF1 and RSF1 antibodies in Drosophila melanogaster embryos which are wildtype or mutant for the antibody targets.
    Data Types:
    • Text
  • We performed H3K9me2-based ChIP-seq to identify regions of the Drosophila genome that are H3K9me2-depleted due to transgenic neuronal expression of human mutant tau. Examination of H3K9me2 histone methylation in 10 day old control and tau transgenic Drosophila heads.
    Data Types:
    • Text
  • This is a dataset generated by the Drosophila Regulatory Elements modENCODE Project led by Kevin P. White at the University of Chicago. It contains genome-wide binding profile of the factor H3K27me3 from D.yak_WPP generated by ChIP and analyzed on Illumina Genome Analyzer. A validated dataset is comprised of three biological replicates for ChIP-chip experiments and two replicates for ChIP-seq and meet the modENCODE quality standards. The control sample is the chromatin Input used for ChIP. Factors binding profiles are generated by using specific antibodies for the protein of interest.
    Data Types:
    • Text
  • Here we improved BiTS-ChIP (Bonn et al, Nature Protocols 7, 978-994 (2012)) to identify active enhancer and promoter elements genome wide in the 104 cardiomyocytes that constitute the Drosophila heart tube and represents only ~0.5% of the total cell content of the embryo. A transgenic Drosophila strain expressing nuclear GFP under the control of a cardiac specific enhancer (TinC*>GFP) was used for staged embryo collections at stages 13-14 (10-13h of development). After embryo fixation and dissociation, intact fixed nuclei were fluorescent labelling. Purification of this rare nuclear population was achieved by a two-step sorting procedure, yielding ~98% purity. Chromatin was extracted and used for immunoprecipitation and sequencing (ChIP-seq) to analyze chromatin modifications at promoters (H3K4me3 and H3K27ac) and enhancers (H3K27ac). Two independent biological replicates (from FACS sorting, chromatin preparations and ChIP-Seq) were performed for each mark and sequenced using Illumina HiSeq.
    Data Types:
    • Text
  • modENCODE_submission_4351 This submission comes from a modENCODE project of David MacAlpine. For full list of modENCODE projects, see http://www.genome.gov/26524648 Project Goal: We will precisely identify sequence elements that direct DNA replication by using chromatin immunoprecipitation of known replication initiation complexes. These experiments will be conducted in multiple cell types and developmental tissues. For data usage terms and conditions, please refer to http://www.genome.gov/27528022 and http://www.genome.gov/Pages/Research/ENCODE/ENCODEDataReleasePolicyFinal2008.pdf EXPERIMENT TYPE: CHIP-seq. BIOLOGICAL SOURCE: Cell Line: CME-W1-Cl.8+; Tissue: dorsal mesothoracic disc; Developmental Stage: third instar larval stage; Sex: Male; EXPERIMENTAL FACTORS: Strain ; Antibody dORC2 (target is Drosophila ORC2p); read length (read_length)
    Data Types:
    • Text
  • During animal development, a fertilized egg is initially under the control of maternal products and only starts zygotic transcription after several cell divisions. In animals such as Xenopus, zebrafish and Drosophila, a massive increase in zygotic transcription occurs during the mid-blastula transition (MBT), when cells shift from rapid, synchronous cell divisions without gap phases to prolonged asynchronous divisions. Before MBT, only a few so-called pre-MBT genes are expressed. How transcription is set up during these early stages is poorly understood. For example, paused RNA Polymerase (Pol II) is frequently found at developmental control genes in mammalian embryonic stem cells and Drosophila embryos but when Pol II pausing is first established in the embryo is unknown. We have analyzed the genome-wide Pol II occupancy during the maternal-to-zygotic transition in hand-staged Drosophila embryos. The results show that massive Pol II recruitment and pausing is established during MBT. The ~100 genes that are transcribed before MBT are particularly short, consistent with a need for rapid transcription during these early cell divisions. Remarkably, most of these genes are transcribed without Pol II pausing and this correlates with a TATA-enriched promoter type. This suggests that distinct strategies are used for activation in the early Drosophila embryo and this may reflect general dynamic properties of promoters used throughout development. ChIP-seq for Pol II, TBP, H3K4me3, H3K27me3 and H3Ac in Drosophila embryos
    Data Types:
    • Text
  • Here we improved BiTS-ChIP (Bonn et al, Nature Protocols 7, 978-994 (2012)) to identify active enhancer and promoter elements genome wide in the 104 cardiomyocytes that constitute the Drosophila heart tube and represents only ~0.5% of the total cell content of the embryo. A transgenic Drosophila strain expressing nuclear GFP under the control of a cardiac specific enhancer (TinC*>GFP) was used for staged embryo collections at stages 13-14 (10-13h of development). After embryo fixation and dissociation, intact fixed nuclei were fluorescent labelling.  Purification of this rare nuclear population was achieved by a two-step sorting procedure, yielding ~98% purity. Chromatin was extracted and used for immunoprecipitation and sequencing (ChIP-seq) to analyze chromatin modifications at promoters (H3K4me3 and H3K27ac) and enhancers (H3K27ac).  Two independent biological replicates (from FACS sorting, chromatin preparations and ChIP-Seq) were performed for each mark and sequenced using Illumina HiSeq.
    Data Types:
    • Text
  • [original title] Binding site turnover produces pervasive quantitative changes in transcription factor binding between closely related Drosophila species. We demonstrate extensive quantitative changes in binding of six factors that control early embryonic patterning between two closely related Drosophila species ChIP-Seq based binding measurements of six transcription factors in embryos of two Drosophila species, D.melanogaster and D.yakuba.
    Data Types:
    • Text
5