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This paper deals with the design and performance analysis of a ring oscillator using CMOS 45nm technology process in Cadence virtuoso environment. The design of optimal Analog and Mixed Signal (AMS) very large scale integrated circuits (VLSI) is a challenging task for the integrated circuit(IC) designer. A Ring Oscillator is an active device which is made up of odd number of NOT gates and whose output oscillates between two voltage levels representing high and low. There are a number of challenges ahead while designing the CMOS Ring Oscillator which are delay, noise and glitches. CMOS is the technology of choice for many applications, CMOS oscillators with low power, phase noise and timing jitter are highly desired. In this paper, we have designed a CMOS ring oscillator with nine stages.Previously, the researchers were unable to reduce the phase noise in ring oscillators substantially with nine stages. We have successfully reduced the phase noise to -6.4kdBc/Hz at 2GHz center frequency of oscillation.
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The SPR technique is based on a complex optical phenomenon. When photon reaches the interface of two medium with different refractive indexes at a specific angle range, the resonant oscillation of surface plasmon generated by metal free electron can be induced. The resonance also requires that the frequency of incident photon matches the natural oscillating frequency of the surface plasmon. https://www.profacgen.com/surface-plasmon-resonance-spr-service.htm
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data is the supplementary information for this article " Robust desynchronization of Parkinson's disease pathological oscillations by frequency modulation of delayed feedback deep brain stimulation".
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The principle of the single-particle behaves exactly like a harmonic oscillator; but at very high frequency. The fixed static density is given at each end point of the particle, where between two, its acceleration would be extremely high. This anharmonic oscillation of the particle, work tirelessly between singularity and quantum decoherence.
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We investigate theoretically and experimentally the modulation instability process in a dispersion oscillating fiber characterized by an amplitude modulation of its group velocity dispersion. We developed an analytical model that allows us to calculate the parametric gain in these fibers and to predict the position of the quasi-phase matched modulation instability sidelobes. The two fundamental frequencies characterizing the dispersion profile lead to the splitting of the original multiple sidelobes generated in basic sinusoidally varying dispersion oscillating fibers. These theoretical predictions are confirmed by experiments.
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data is the supplementary information for this article " Robust desynchronization of Parkinson's disease pathological oscillations by frequency modulation of delayed feedback deep brain stimulation".
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The principle of the single-particle behaves exactly like a harmonic oscillator; but at very high frequency. The fixed static density is given at each end point of the particle, where between two, its acceleration would be extremely high. This anharmonic oscillation of the particle, work tirelessly between singularity and quantum decoherence.
Data Types:
  • Document
We investigate theoretically and experimentally the modulation instability process in a dispersion oscillating fiber characterized by an amplitude modulation of its group velocity dispersion. We developed an analytical model that allows us to calculate the parametric gain in these fibers and to predict the position of the quasi-phase matched modulation instability sidelobes. The two fundamental frequencies characterizing the dispersion profile lead to the splitting of the original multiple sidelobes generated in basic sinusoidally varying dispersion oscillating fibers. These theoretical predictions are confirmed by experiments.
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Copyright information:Taken from "Neutrophils: the forgotten cell in JIA disease pathogenesis"http://www.ped-rheum.com/content/5/1/13Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal 2007;5():13-13.Published online 13 Jun 2007PMCID:PMC1904449. JRA patients express a small population (10–30% of the cells) that are MPO-positive and show both frequency and amplitude enhancement of NAD(P)H oscillations triggered by frequency-modulating LPS. These findings demonstrate a breakdown in the fundamental metabolic pathways regulating neutrophil oscillatory activities in JRA patients. From Jarvis et al, 2006. The authors retain the copyright for this material.
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Copyright information:Taken from "Neutrophils: the forgotten cell in JIA disease pathogenesis"http://www.ped-rheum.com/content/5/1/13Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal 2007;5():13-13.Published online 13 Jun 2007PMCID:PMC1904449. JRA patients express a small population (10–30% of the cells) that are MPO-positive and show both frequency and amplitude enhancement of NAD(P)H oscillations triggered by frequency-modulating LPS. These findings demonstrate a breakdown in the fundamental metabolic pathways regulating neutrophil oscillatory activities in JRA patients. From Jarvis et al, 2006. The authors retain the copyright for this material.
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  • Image
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