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V6 All Layers for 1820 in GBK Encoding: Counties, Prefectures, Provinces, Towns, Rivers, Lakes.
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The CHGIS version of CITAS 1990 Counties, combines basic Population Census Variables with GIS Data County Level, released under agreement with CIESIN. Original Data Distributed by: SEDAC CIESIN URL: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/cddc
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V6 All Layers for 1820 in GBK Encoding: Counties, Prefectures, Provinces, Towns.
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The rise in mass incarceration provides a growing impetus to understand the effect that interactions with the criminal justice system have on political participation. While a substantial body of prior research studies the political consequences of criminal disenfranchisement, less work examines why eligible ex-felons vote at very low rates. We use administrative data on voting and interactions with the criminal justice system from Pennsylvania to assess whether the association between incarceration and reduced voting is causal. Using administrative records that reduce the possibility of measurement error, we employ several different research designs to investigate the possibility that the observed negative correlation between incarceration and voting might result from differences across individuals that both lead to incarceration and low participation. As this selection bias issue is addressed, we find that the estimated effect of serving time in prison on voting falls dramatically and for some research designs vanishes entirely.
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Data Dictionary, Codebook, Time Periods and Chronologies
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Invalid ballots are relatively common in countries with compulsory voting, yet there is no cross-national evidence as to who is more likely to cast a blank or spoiled ballot where voting is forced. I argue that increased rates of blank and spoiled balloting where voting is obligatory result from the behavior of the politically unknowledgeable, uninterested, untrusting, and disaffected, who are incentivized to turn out to the polls where they can be sanctioned for abstention. To test this, I conduct an individual-level examination of the influence of compulsory voting on invalid balloting across countries. I find support for my expectations with analyses of survey data from several American democracies, many of which compel electoral participation.
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V6 All Layers in GBK Encoding
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Article Abstract: Does the enumeration of ethnic, racial, and/or religious categories on national household censuses increase the likelihood of conflict? The authors propose a theory of intergroup relations that emphasizes the conflictual effects of institutionalizing boundaries between social identity groups. The article investigates the relationship between counting and various forms of conflict with an original, global data set that classifies the type of enumeration used in more than one thousand census questionnaires, in more than 150 countries spanning more than two centuries. Through a series of cross-national statistical analyses, the authors find a robust association between enumeration of ethnic cleavages on the census and various forms of competition and conflict, including violent ethnic civil war. The plausibility of the theory is further demonstrated through case study analysis of religious conflict in India.
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V6 All Layers in UTF8 Encoding: Counties, Prefectures, Provinces, Towns.
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Replication data for the article Eady, Gregory (2016) "The Statistical Analysis of Misreporting on Sensitive Survey Questions"
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