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  • This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE31895: ChIP with anti-orc2 antibody to identify regions of orc binding in third instar salivary glands of WT and SuUR mutant Drosophila GSE31896: RNAPolII ChIP to find differences between third instar salivary glands of WT and SuUR GSE31897: ChIP with anti-H3K27me3 to compare binding in salivary glands of WT and SuUR Drosophila GSE31898: CGH to ascertain levels of gDNA in third instar salivary glands of various mutant Drosophila GSE31899: ChIP-Seq of ORC2 bound to third instar salivary gland DNA in WT and mutant Drosophila, analyzed by Illumina sequencing GSE33017: Expression profile of third instar larval salivary gland tissue Refer to individual Series
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  • Here we report the identification of genomic regions of DNA bound by Dp1 in Drosophila S2R+ cells. Dp1 is a dimerization partner of several E2F transcription factors and is needed for E2F target promoter binding. We find that Dp1 binds the promoter regions of genes important for oxidative phosphorylation. This result is important since our data demonstrates that expression of several oxidative phosphorylation genes is down-regulated in dDP mutant Drosophila 3rd instar larval eye imaginal discs. These ChIP-seq results suggest that the mechanism by which dDP regulates expression of these genes is direct. In addition, we have confirmed a number of these Dp1 bound gene promoters by conventional Chromatin Immunoprecipitation. Examination of Dp1 bound regions of genomic DNA in S2R+ cells.
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  • This is a dataset generated by the Drosophila Regulatory Elements modENCODE Project led by Kevin P. White at the University of Chicago. It contains ChIP-seq data generated on Solexa Genome Analyzer for 6 Histone modifications (H3K9me3, H3K27me3, H3K4me3, H3K4me1, H3K27Ac, H3K9Ac), PolII and CBP/p300. Each factor has been studied for 12 different time-points of Drosophila development. Keywords: Epigenetics For data usage terms and conditions, please refer to http://www.genome.gov/27528022 and http://www.genome.gov/Pages/Research/ENCODE/ENCODEDataReleasePolicyFinal2008.pdf For each combination of time-point and antibody, triplicate ChIP experiments have been performed and hybridized on Agilent 244K arrays. The hybridizations have been verified by sequencing one replicate of IP and one replicate of Input following Solexa sequencing procedure.
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  • To determine which genes affected by loss of KDM5 in adults were direct targets, we carried out KDM5 ChIP-seq analyses. To valide this data, we utilized a previously generated fly strain in which the sole source of KDM5 is from a transgene expressing an HA tagged form of KDM5 expressed under the control of its endogenous promoter. Comparing genome-wide gene expression and KDM5 binding analyses in Drosophila adults, we demonstrate the primary function of KDM5 in adults is to activate gene expression KDM5. To investigate the link between KDM5 and H3K4me3, we carried out anti-H3K4me3 ChIP-seq from wildtype adults . Genome-wide, KDM5 and H3K4me3 peaks showed a similar distribution, with both peaking at the transcription start site (TSS) showed a striking overlap with the presence of H3K4me3. Examination of KDM5 binding and histone H3K4me3 modifications in drosophila adults
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  • We report the evolutionary behaviour of Polycomb group proteins, their recruitment factors and their underlying sequences by performing ChIP-seq analysis in 4-5 different Drosophila species (GSE60428) and HiC analysis in Drosophila melanogaster. We demonstrate an extremely high conservation of Polycomb repressive domains across Drosophila species We validate few cases of PRE divergence that shows that cis-driven PRE evolution is a rare event. We further show that PHO recruitment to Polycomb domains is evolutionarily robust to motif changes and that PRC1 stabilizes binding of its key recruiter HiC experiments in wild type drosophila embryos
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  • Nucleosome structure and positioning play pivotal roles in gene regulation, DNA repair and other essential processes in eukaryotic cells. Nucleosomal DNA is thought to be uniformly inaccessible to DNA binding and processing factors, such as MNase. Here, we show, however, that nucleosome accessibility and sensitivity to MNase varies. Digestion of Drosophila chromatin with two distinct concentrations of MNase revealed two types of nucleosomes: sensitive and resistant. MNase-resistant nucleosome arrays are less accessible to low concentrations of MNase, whereas MNase-sensitive arrays are degraded by high concentrations. MNase-resistant nucleosomes assemble on sequences depleted of A/T and enriched in G/C containing dinucleotides. In contrast, MNase-sensitive nucleosomes form on A/T rich sequences represented by transcription start and termination sites, enhancers and DNase hypersensitive sites. Lowering of cell growth temperature to ~10°C stabilizes MNase-sensitive nucleosomes suggesting that variations in sensitivity to MNase are related to either thermal fluctuations in chromatin fiber or the activity of enzymatic machinery. In the vicinity of active genes and DNase hypersensitive sites nucleosomes are organized into synchronous, periodic arrays. These patterns are likely to be caused by “phasing” nucleosomes off a potential barrier formed by DNA-bound factors and we provide an extensive biophysical framework to explain this effect. Mnase-seq, Mnase-ChIP-seq of Drosophila melanogaster embryo and S2 cells chromatin
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  • To understand the role of the conserved Sterile Alpha Motif of the Polycomb Group protein Polyhomeotic, the genome wide distribution of wild type and polymerization defective Polyhomeotic containing mutations in the SAM domain was determined by ChIP-SEQ. ChIP-seq Identification of polyhomeotic wild type (PH-WT) and mutant (PH-ML) binding sites.
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  • We find a high concordance between the binding of the Drosophila transcription factor Dorsal and the co-activator CBP during early embryogenesis. This relationship was furter examined by comparing CBP distribution in Drosophila embryos derived from wt and mutant flies lacking intranuclear Dorsal (gd7). Our data suggests a specific involvemet of CBP in initiating early dorsoventral patterning, but not in anterioposterior. CBP ChIP seq of 2-4 hours old Drosophila embryos derived from w1118 (wild-type) or gd7 homozygous mutant mothers
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  • ChIP-seq for the strongest cell cycle regulator transcription factors in Drosophila Melanogaster S2 cells. These assays have been used to validate the direct transcriptional targets of the same transcription factors investigated in RNA-seq (E-MTAB-1364) and Affymetrix microarray experiments (E-MTAB-453). ChIP-seq assays have been done with tagged fusion proteins (for example, since we dont have functional E2f antibodies against endogenous E2f , we are transfecting v5-tagged-E2f-ORF to S2 cells and then use antibodies against v5 to detect the signal from E2f binding). If the ChIP-seq has been done with tagged fusion proteins (such as v5-tagged-E2f-ORF), the protein expression has been induced with CuSO4 treatment 48h prior to cell crosslinking & lysis. Our fusion protein constructs are driven by metallothionein promoter, which is induced by CuSO4. E-MTAB-1648, E-MTAB-1364 and E-MTAB-453 are all data from: Bonke M, et al. (2013) Transcriptional networks controlling the cell cycle. G3 (Bethesda) 3, 75-90, PMID: 23316440.
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  • Here we compare the distribution of insulator proteins during interphase and mitosis. We performed ChIP-seq analysis on purified populations of interphase and mitotic Kc cells, using antibodies against CP190, dCTCF, BEAF, and Su(Hw). Examination of 4 different insulator proteins during interphase and mitosis
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