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Rezension zu: Attilio Mastrocinque, Bona Dea and the Cults of Roman Women. Potsdamer Altertumswissenschaftliche Beiträge, Band 49. Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2014. 209 Seiten,Bonner Jahrbücher, Bd. 215.2015(2016): Bonner Jahrbücher,
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Background: Antimicrobial resistance is a growing threat to the world’s ability to prevent and treat infections. Links between quantitative antibiotic use and the emergence of bacterial resistance are well documented. This study presents benchmark antimicrobial use (AMU) rates for inpatient adult populations in acute-care hospitals across Canada. Methods: In this retrospective surveillance study, acute-care adult hospitals participating in the Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program (CNISP) submitted annual AMU data on all systemic antimicrobials from 2009 to 2016. Information specific to intensive care units (ICUs) and non-ICU wards were available for 2014–2016. Data were analyzed using defined daily doses (DDD) per 1000 patient days (DDD/1000pd). Results: Between 2009 and 2016, 16–18 CNISP adult hospitals participated each year and provided their AMU data (22 hospitals participated in ≥1 year of surveillance; 11 in all years). From 2009 to 2016, there was a significant reduction in use (12%) (from 654 to 573 DDD/1000pd, p = 0.03). Fluoroquinolones accounted for the majority of this decrease (47% reduction in combined oral and intravenous use, from 129 to 68 DDD/1000pd, p < 0.002). The top five antimicrobials used in 2016 were cefazolin (78 DDD/1000pd), piperacillin-tazobactam (53 DDD/1000pd), ceftriaxone (49 DDD/1000pd), vancomycin (combined oral and intravenous use was 44 DDD/1000pd; 7% of vancomycin use was oral), and ciprofloxacin (combined oral and intravenous use: 42 DDD/1000pd). Among the top 10 antimicrobials used in 2016, ciprofloxacin and metronidazole use decreased significantly between 2009 and 2016 by 46% (p = 0.002) and 26% (p = 0.002) respectively. Ceftriaxone (85% increase, p = 0.0008) and oral amoxicillin-clavulanate (140% increase, p < 0.0001) use increased significantly but contributed only a small component (8.6 and 5.0%, respectively) of overall use. Conclusions: This study represents the largest collection of dispensed antimicrobial use data among inpatients in Canada to date. Between 2009 and 2016, there was a significant 12% decrease in AMU, driven primarily by a 47% decrease in fluoroquinolone use. Modest absolute increases in parenteral ceftriaxone and oral amoxicillin-clavulanate use were noted but contributed a small amount of total AMU. Ongoing national surveillance is crucial for establishing benchmarks and antimicrobial stewardship guidelines.
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Rezension zu: Paul Fontaine und Sophie Helas (Herausgeber), Fortificazioni arcaiche del Latium vetus e dell’Etruria meridionale (IX–VI sec. a. C.). Stratigrafia, cronologia e urbanizzazione. Atti delle Giornate di Studio, Roma, Accademia Belgica, 19–20 settembre 2013, Belgisch Historisch Instituut te Rome – Institut Historique Belge de Rome. Selbstverlag des Belgischen Instituts, Brüssel und Rom 2016. 294 Seiten mit 224 Abbildungen, teils farbig, teils schwarzweiß.,Bonner Jahrbücher, Bd. 216.2016(2017): Bonner Jahrbücher,
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Vorträge und Forschungen, Bd. 84 (2017): Vorträge und Forschungen: Die mittelalterliche Thronfolge im europäischen Vergleich
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The full abstract for this thesis is available in the body of the thesis, and will be available when the embargo expires.
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Rezension zu: Remouchamps, A. F.: Griechische Dolch= und Schwertformen. Ein Beitrag zur Chronologie der europäischen Bronzezeit. Leiden 1926. Die Arbeit erschien gleichzeitig in den Oudheidkundige Mededeelingen (Leiden) V. R. Bd. VII.,Nachrichten aus Niedersachsens Urgeschichte, Bd. 1 (1927): Nachrichten aus Niedersachsens Urgeschichte,
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Gómez
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