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We investigated the role of mTORC1 in murine hematopoiesis by conditionally deleting the Raptor gene in murine hematopoietic stem cells. We observed mutliple alterations evoked by Raptor loss in hematopoiesis and profiled gene-expression alterations induced by raptor loss in Flt3-Lin-Sca1+cKit+ hematopoietic stem and progenitor enriched cell populations, 5 weeks post Raptor deletion. Flt3-Lin-Sca1+cKit+ cells were flow sorted from mice containing homozygous floxed alleles for exon 6 of the Raptor gene in the presence (MT group) or absence (WT group) of the MxCre transgene, which was induced with injections of mice with pIpC 5 weeks before cell isolation.
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This dataset investigates the transcriptional effect of mitochondrial 12S rRNA hypermethylation, both by overexpressing the mitochondrial methyltransferase mtTFB1 in HeLa cells and by using A1555G cybrids, where the 12S rRNA is hypermethylated. HeLa cells overexpressing a methyltransferase-deficient mtTFB1 (mtTFB1[G65A]) and wild-type A1555A cybrids were used as controls. four samples with 12S rRNA hypermethylation (two cell lines, with two biological replicates each) versus four samples with basal 12S rRNA methylation (two cell lines, with two biological replicates each)
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Transcriptional profiling of Arabidopsis thaliana wild type (WT) comparing Mg chloride infiltration (C) and Pseu infection (Pseu). The differences in the biochemical responses to bacterial infection seen when compared to the control sample prompted us to search for less obvious differences between the treatments using gene expression profiling. Two-condition experiment, MgCl2 vs. Pseu Arabidopsis leaves of WT plants. Biological replicates: 4 biological replicates.
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Transcriptional profiling of Arabidopsis thaliana wild type (WT) comparing MD (mechanical damage) and HW (herbivore wounding). The differences in the biochemical responses to herbivory seen prompted us to search for less obvious differences between treatments using gene expression profiling. Biological replicates: 4 Two-condition experiment, MD vs. HW Arabidopsis leaves of WT plants. Biological replicates: 4 biological replicates.
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Transcriptional profiling of Arabidopsis thaliana wild type (WT) comparing mechanical damage (MD) and Myzus persicae feeding (Myz). The differences in the biochemical responses to insect feeding seen when compared to the control sample prompted us to search for less obvious differences between the treatments using gene expression profiling. Biological replicates: 4 biological replicates Two-condition experiment, MD vs. Myz Arabidopsis leaves of WT plants. Biological replicates: 4 biological replicates.
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This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE40922: Arabidopsis thaliana wild type control (C) vs Pseudomonas syringae infected (Pseu) GSE40923: Arabidopsis thaliana wild type mechanical damage (MD) vs herbivore wounding (HW) GSE40924: Arabidopsis thaliana wild type mechanical damage (MD) vs Myzus persicae wounding (Myz) Refer to individual Series
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In humans, there are eleven subtypes of linker histones that exhibit cell- and tissue-specific expression. Linker histone H1 proteins bind to both the core histones and linker DNA of chromatin fibers; and not only participate in control of gene activity but also serve to stabilize higher order chromatin structure. To determine the potential roles of linker histones in differentiation, we examined the global distribution of linker histone subtype H1.5 in human IMR90 fibroblasts and H1 embryonic stem cells (hESCs). Surprisingly, H1.5 binds to and represses a large fraction of gene family clusters in fully differentiated cell types representing all three embryonic germ layers. Little or no H1.5 enrichment at gene family clusters was detected in undifferentiated hESCs or partially differentiated somatic cells. We also found that SIRT1 histone deacetylase and H3K9me2, a repressive histone modification, are also enriched at gene family cluster in IMR90 cells, likely generating a stably repressive chromatin domain. To find out the mechanism of H1.5 targeting, H1.5 or SIRT1 was depleted in IMR90 cells by siRNA, and the binding patterns of SIRT1 and H1.5 were examined. In H1.5 knockdown cells, SIRT1 binding pattern was changed dramatically, and this changed pattern highly correlates to SIRT1 distribution in hESC. However, depletion of SIRT1 could not change the global binding pattern of H1.5. Depletion of H1.5 or SIRT1 leads to up-regulation of ~50% gene family clusters. However, the sets of gene family clusters that are affected by these two factors are different, suggesting H1.5 and SIRT1 may regulate gene transcription via different pathways. Two-color microarrays. Two replicates for each sample.
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The ciliary body (CB) of the human eye consists of the non-pigmented (NPE) and pigmented (PE) neuro-epithelia. We investigated the gene expression of the NPE and PE, to shed light on the molecular mechanisms underlying the most important functions of the CB. Therefore we isolated NPE and PE cells from seven healthy human donor eyes using laser dissection microscopy. Next, we performed RNA isolation, amplification, labeling and hybridization against 44k Agilent microarrays. We performed the microarrays against a common reference sample, namely human RPE/choroid RNA. We performed 7 replicates of PE samples from 7 different donors and 7 NPE replicates from the same 7 different donors.
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The goal of the study was to identify the genes which are regulated by Interleukin-2 in the CD4+ T cells of the scurfy mice during regulatory T-cell deficiency. Scurfy (Sf) mice bear a mutation in the forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) transcription factor, lack regulatory T-cells (Treg), develop multi-organ inflammation, and die prematurely. The major target organs affected are skin, lungs, and liver. Sf mice lacking the Il2 gene (Sf.Il2-/-), despite devoid of Treg, did not develop skin and lung inflammation, but the inflammation in liver, pancreas, submandibular gland and colon remained. Genome-wide microarray analysis revealed hundreds of genes were differentially regulated among Sf, Sf.Il2-/-, and B6 CD4+ T-cells but the most changes were those encoding receptors for trafficking/chemotaxis/retention and lymphokines. Our study suggests that IL-2 controls the skin and lung inflammation in Sf mice in an apparent "organ-specific" manner through two novel mechanisms: by regulating the expression of genes encoding receptors for T-cell trafficking/chemotaxis/retention and by regulating Th2 cell expansion and lymphokine production. Thus, IL-2 is a master regulator for multi-organ inflammation and an underlying etiological factor for various diseases associated with skin and lung inflammation. Methods: CD4+ T cells were purified by Fluorescence Assisted Cell Sorting from the peripheral lymph nodes of (A) three individual Scurfy (Sf; B6.Cg-Foxp3sf/J) male mice, (B) three individual Sf.Il2-/- male mice (Scurfy mice carrying a null Interleukin (IL)-2 gene (B6.129P2-Il2tm1Hor/J)) and (C) a pooled sample of lymph nodes from two B6 (C57BL/6J) mice. All the mice were 3 weeks old. Total RNA was prepared using RNeasy mini kit (Qiagen). RNA samples were converted to cRNA, labeled and hybridized to Affymetrix Mouse 430_2 chips (Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array, Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA) at the University of Virginia DNA Sciences Core Facility. 1. RNA from CD4+ T cells purified from pooled peripheral lymph nodes of two 3-week old B6 mice) - 1 biological replicate 2. RNA from CD4+ T-cells purified from peripheral lymph nodes of 3-week old scurfy (Sf) mice - 3 biological replicates. 3. RNA from CD4+ T cells purified from peripheral lymph nodes of Sf.Il2-/- mice - 3 biological replicates.
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The pathogenesis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), the most common lymphoma in the young, is still enigmatic, largely because its Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) tumor cells are rare in the involved lymph node and therefore difficult to analyze. Here, by overcoming this technical challenge and performing for the first time a genome-wide transcriptional analysis of microdissected HRS cells in comparison to other B-cell lymphomas, cHL lines and normal B-cell subsets, we show that they differ extensively from the usually studied cHL cell lines, that the lost B-cell identity of cHLs is not linked to the acquisition of a plasma cell-like gene expression program, and that Epstein-Barr virus infection of HRS cells has a minor transcriptional influence on the established cHL clone. Moreover, although cHL appears a distinct lymphoma entity overall, HRS cells of its histological subtypes diverged in their similarity to other related lymphomas. Unexpectedly, we identified two molecular subgroups of cHL associated to differential strengths of the transcription factor activity of the NOTCH1, MYC and IRF4 proto-oncogenes. Finally, HRS cells display deregulated expression of several genes potentially highly relevant to lymphoma pathogenesis, including silencing of the apoptosis-inducer BIK and of INPP5D, an inhibitor of the PI3K-driven oncogenic pathway. The present study complements the GSE12453 and GSE14879 records by adding the following 10 samples: 5 primary tumor samples and 5 cell line samples. The 5 primary tumor samples represent 1000-2000 neoplastic cells microdissected from frozen biopsies of 5 cases of primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL). The 5 cell line samples represent 500-1000 living neoplastic cells isolated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting from growing cultures of the classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) cell lines L1236, L428, KMH2 and HDLM2 and the lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (lpHL) cell line DEV.
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