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PHQ-9 and GAD-7 Coded Dataset
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This data is used to analyze the structural equation of the article
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An arboreal lifestyle is thought to be central to primate origins, and most extant primate species still live in the trees. Nonetheless, terrestrial locomotion is a widespread adaptation which has arisen repeatedly within the primate lineage. The absence of terrestriality among the New World monkeys (Platyrrhini) is thus notable and raises questions about the ecological pressures that constrain the expansion of platyrrhines into terrestrial niches. Here, we report the results of a natural experiment, comparing patterns of terrestrial behavior in white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus imitator) living on two islands off of the Pacific coast of Panama that lack mammalian predators (island sites) with the behavior of capuchins at three sites in central Panama with more intact predator communities (mainland sites). Surveys with camera traps revealed increased terrestriality in island vs. mainland sites. Capuchin detection rates were higher, the range of party sizes observed was larger, and individuals engaged in a wider range of terrestrial behaviors on the islands lacking mammalian predators. Further, females carrying infants were frequently photographed on the ground at the island sites, but never at the mainland sites. These findings support the longstanding hypothesis that predators constrain the exploitation of terrestrial niches by primates. These results are also consistent with the hypothesis that arboreal locomotion imposes costs that primates will avoid by walking on the ground when predation risk is low.
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Radiogrammetric parameters of the femur were assessed in an adult sample (N=98) from the Coimbra Identified Skeletal Collection (Portugal). Anteroposterior radiographs of the midshaft area of the left femur of each individual were taken using a mammogram film with an exposure time of mAseg 80-50,exposure of Kv 30-35 and focal distance of 1.0 m. Maximum length of the femur, as defined by Martin and Saller (1957), was determined. Measurements of diaphysis total width (DTW) and medullary width (MW) were taken following a standardized guide. Radiogrammetry was used to establish cortical index (FEMCI) in the femoral mid-shaft. Diaphysis total width (DTW) and femoral cortical index (FEMCI) are significantly higher in males, while medullary width (MW) is not statistically different between sexes. The evaluation of femoral cortical bone reveals sex-specific trajectories of endosteal bone loss and periosteal apposition, stemming from sexual differences in the rate and pattern of bone loss, and in bone size. In females, endocortical bone loss rises with age, particularly in peri- and postmenopausal years, decelerating later in life. Concomitantly, accretion of bone in the subperiosteal surface persists throughout adulthood — partially offsetting bone fragility in women. Strength in the femoral mid-diaphysis appears to be preserved throughout most of the life course in both sexes.
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Distinguishing between bull Y- and X-bearing sperm populations is advantageous for techniques with sexed bull semen. The aim of this study was to produce a single-chain fragment variable (scFv) antibody against plasma membrane epitopes on bull Y-bearing sperm to distinguish between Y- and X- sperm. Variable heavy (VH) and variable light (VL) region genes generated from a hybridoma cell secreting a specific Y-bearing sperm monoclonal antibody (mAb-1F9) were cloned and expressed. The expected sizes of the DNA bands were ~350 bp for the VH gene and ~318 bp for the VL gene. The VH and VL genes were generated and used to construct an scFv gene (~650 bp) and express the corresponding soluble scFv antibody. Compared with the parent mAb-1F9, the scFv antibodies presented a high affinity for Y-bearing sperm and low cross-reactivity with X-bearing sperm. An immunofluorescence analysis confirmed that the scFv antibodies and mAb-1F9 recognize epitopes on the Y-bearing sperm surface. The fluorescence signal was strong on the plasma membrane of Y-bearing sperm but very weak for X-bearing sperm. This study helps the application and production of engineered scFv antibodies specific to Y-bearing sperm to distinguish between Y- and X-bearing sperm populations for techniques involving sexed bull semen
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Raw data of HIGD2A-BioID2 experiment. Total spectrum count for 3 independent experiments for HIGD2A-BioID2 and 3 independent experiments for the control BioID targeted to the mitochondria (MTS-BioID2).
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Data used for plotting figures in the main context. -- First commit: Nov 26th, 2019 for review. -- Second commit: Apt 1st, 2020 for publication
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1H-NMR spectroscopy data from 24-hr urine samples from Diets 1 and 4, Dietary Metabotype Score (DMS), blood glucose measurement and urinary calorific value. Data contains quantified values for identified metabolites (in mmol/ml) of 24-hr urine samples for 19 volunteers for the two reference diets in Excel format. For each sample, the DMS, area-under-the-curve (AUC) glucose and calorific value (in J/g) are also given. This data accompanies Garcia-Perez et al. (2020) "Dietary metabotype modelling predicts individual responses to dietary interventions: A feasibility study" Nature Food (submitted, ref.: NATFOOD-19060125C)
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a rapidly progressive neurodegeneration disease,with a hall mark of neuronal inclusions, neuron loss and gliosis. The pathogenesis of ALS remains unclear. And the only two drugs riluzole and edaravone exhibit limited efficacy. We then explored the riluzole treatment in TDP-43 transgenic rats trying to uncover the pathological mechanisms of neuron loss in ALS.
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We conducted a longitudinal study with a randomized control group design over a period of 14 days with 120 participants to investigate whether 3 different app-based interventions (cognitive-behavioural, meditation, informational) can enhance the general well-being (stress, engagement and satisfaction), ICT-specific well-being (technostress creators, digitalisation anxiety, IT resilience) and recovery (detachment) of participants compared to the control group with no intervention. All indicators were measured by using scales with several items in the initial questionnaire (prior to the intervention period) and end questionnaire (after the intervention period). Additionally, stress, satisfaction and detachment were measured by single items in the app-interventions which took place every two days directly after the interventions. The meditation intervention significantly increased general well-being (satisfaction, measured in the app) and recovery (detachment, measured in the questionnaires) compared to the control group but did not improve general stress and ICT-related stress. The cognitive-behavioural intervention significantly increased general well-being (less stress, measured in the app). Contrary to our hypotheses, the informational intervention even increased the general stress level (measured in the questionnaire). None of the interventions changed the level of ICT-related stress.
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