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This study seeks to uncover the impact that expatriate labor remittances have on the economic growth of Saudi Arabia. The ARDL and NARDL methods have used to discover the influence and nature of the remittances on Saudi GDP growth. The study is based on data collected over the 1970-2016 timeframe. It concludes that the relationship between labor remittances and Saudi Arabian economic growth is asymmetrical; a one percent decrease in remittances increases GDP by 0.837 percent, while a one percent increase in remittances increases GDP by 0.291 percent. Our dataset collected data from the World Bank, SAMA and the Saudi General Authority of Statistics. This study investigates the impact of expatriate labor remittances (ELR) from Saudi Arabia on its economic growth rate. It uses a logarithmic function (the Cobb-Douglas model), where the logarithm of GDP (LGDP) at constant prices (2010 = 100) is the dependent variable, and the logarithm of the total remittances of expatriate labor (LTR) is the independent variable. Other variables include the natural logarithm of the consumer price index (LCPI), the natural logarithm of the population of 15-65 year-olds (LPOPL), the natural logarithm of fixed capital (LCPTL), the index of trade openness (OPN), and the logarithm of government expenditure at constant prices (LGOV).
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Study aim: To study Gamma-enhancing neurofeedback learning process and evaluate its efficacy on visual feature binding and fluid intelligence Sample size: 18 healthy female students (mean age: 24.24 ± 1.94 years) Dataset: ----------- 1- Demographics: 18 subjects, Age, BMI, Weight, Height, Handedness, GPA 2- IQ measure: 18 subjects, Pretest and posttest sessions 3- Visual feature binding measure: 18 subjects, Pretest and posttest sessions, Response time and Error rate 4- 4 activity baseline EEG: 18 subjects, Pretest and posttest sessions, Tasks: Eyes open, Eyes closed, Auditory sensory attentiveness, Cognitive effort 5- Neurofeedback training EEG: 8 subjects, 8 training sessions, Eyes closed baseline EEG recorded before and after training in each session, EEG recorded during training in each session
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This data set compares vegetation and species traits on the unused railways surrounded by different type of habitats.
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PHQ-9 and GAD-7 Coded Dataset
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This research calculates the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) and the Five Major Concentration Ratio, as well as estimates the Lerner Indicator of the Brazilian credit market, between 2000 and 2019. For this purpose, public accounting information from financial institutions was used. This information is available on the website of the Central Bank of Brazil, in the database called IF.data (https://www3.bcb.gov.br/ifdata/). The names of the accounting items used as proxies for the variables are shown in Table 2 of the paper. The concentration and competition indices include isolated financial institutions belonging to the banking segment, type b1 and b2, and non-banking institutions, type n1 and b3S. The banking segment type b1 is represented, according to the monetary authority, by commercial banks, multiples with commercial portfolios and savings banks. Multiple banks with no commercial portfolio and investment banks make up the type b2 banking segment. Individual credit unions and non-bank credit institutions are represented by b3S and n1, respectively.
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An arboreal lifestyle is thought to be central to primate origins, and most extant primate species still live in the trees. Nonetheless, terrestrial locomotion is a widespread adaptation which has arisen repeatedly within the primate lineage. The absence of terrestriality among the New World monkeys (Platyrrhini) is thus notable and raises questions about the ecological pressures that constrain the expansion of platyrrhines into terrestrial niches. Here, we report the results of a natural experiment, comparing patterns of terrestrial behavior in white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus imitator) living on two islands off of the Pacific coast of Panama that lack mammalian predators (island sites) with the behavior of capuchins at three sites in central Panama with more intact predator communities (mainland sites). Surveys with camera traps revealed increased terrestriality in island vs. mainland sites. Capuchin detection rates were higher, the range of party sizes observed was larger, and individuals engaged in a wider range of terrestrial behaviors on the islands lacking mammalian predators. Further, females carrying infants were frequently photographed on the ground at the island sites, but never at the mainland sites. These findings support the longstanding hypothesis that predators constrain the exploitation of terrestrial niches by primates. These results are also consistent with the hypothesis that arboreal locomotion imposes costs that primates will avoid by walking on the ground when predation risk is low.
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Radiogrammetric parameters of the femur were assessed in an adult sample (N=98) from the Coimbra Identified Skeletal Collection (Portugal). Anteroposterior radiographs of the midshaft area of the left femur of each individual were taken using a mammogram film with an exposure time of mAseg 80-50,exposure of Kv 30-35 and focal distance of 1.0 m. Maximum length of the femur, as defined by Martin and Saller (1957), was determined. Measurements of diaphysis total width (DTW) and medullary width (MW) were taken following a standardized guide. Radiogrammetry was used to establish cortical index (FEMCI) in the femoral mid-shaft. Diaphysis total width (DTW) and femoral cortical index (FEMCI) are significantly higher in males, while medullary width (MW) is not statistically different between sexes. The evaluation of femoral cortical bone reveals sex-specific trajectories of endosteal bone loss and periosteal apposition, stemming from sexual differences in the rate and pattern of bone loss, and in bone size. In females, endocortical bone loss rises with age, particularly in peri- and postmenopausal years, decelerating later in life. Concomitantly, accretion of bone in the subperiosteal surface persists throughout adulthood — partially offsetting bone fragility in women. Strength in the femoral mid-diaphysis appears to be preserved throughout most of the life course in both sexes.
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Provides all origin files used in simulation of impact energy using sigmoidal models.
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Distinguishing between bull Y- and X-bearing sperm populations is advantageous for techniques with sexed bull semen. The aim of this study was to produce a single-chain fragment variable (scFv) antibody against plasma membrane epitopes on bull Y-bearing sperm to distinguish between Y- and X- sperm. Variable heavy (VH) and variable light (VL) region genes generated from a hybridoma cell secreting a specific Y-bearing sperm monoclonal antibody (mAb-1F9) were cloned and expressed. The expected sizes of the DNA bands were ~350 bp for the VH gene and ~318 bp for the VL gene. The VH and VL genes were generated and used to construct an scFv gene (~650 bp) and express the corresponding soluble scFv antibody. Compared with the parent mAb-1F9, the scFv antibodies presented a high affinity for Y-bearing sperm and low cross-reactivity with X-bearing sperm. An immunofluorescence analysis confirmed that the scFv antibodies and mAb-1F9 recognize epitopes on the Y-bearing sperm surface. The fluorescence signal was strong on the plasma membrane of Y-bearing sperm but very weak for X-bearing sperm. This study helps the application and production of engineered scFv antibodies specific to Y-bearing sperm to distinguish between Y- and X-bearing sperm populations for techniques involving sexed bull semen
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Raw data of HIGD2A-BioID2 experiment. Total spectrum count for 3 independent experiments for HIGD2A-BioID2 and 3 independent experiments for the control BioID targeted to the mitochondria (MTS-BioID2).
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