Social participation type and career adapt-ability among young adults. The mediating effect of promotional and preventive regulatory focus

Published: 12 December 2023| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/245gnttn4t.1
Anna Paszkowska-Rogacz


The purpose of the presented study was to investigate the relationship between career adaptability and developmental tasks among young adults with regard to life orientation. Additionally, the study aimed to determine whether self-regulation acts as a mediator in the relationship between life orientation and career adaptability. A total of 435 young adults, aged 18 to 34 years, were included in the study. The research utilized the Social Participation Questionnaire, the Self-Regulation Scale, and the Polish version of the Career Adapt-Abilities Scale-5. Mediation analysis revealed that the promotion regulatory focus served as a mediator in the relationship between life orientation and all five categories of career adaptability in the transitive orientation dependence model.


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Data were collected from a cohort of 435 participants, comprising 274 women and 160 men, aged between 18 and 34 (M = 23.76; SD = 3.37), through an online survey. The participant pool primarily consisted of full-time students and recent graduates from various fields such as technical, artistic, medical, and humanities disciplines. Within this group, 63.9% were employed individuals with work experience, 25.3% were previously employed but presently unemployed, and 6.1% were individuals without prior professional experience, initiating their careers with their first job. An invitation to participate in the study was distributed via university social media channels. Interested individuals who volunteered to take part accessed the online survey using a web link provided in the invitation. Participants utilized individual desktop computers to complete all questionnaires in a counterbalanced sequence. From the outset, participants were explicitly informed on the initial page of the survey that their involvement was voluntary, and their responses would be treated with utmost confidentiality and anonymity.


Uniwersytet Lodzki


Psychology, Career