Dionaea UV-A

Published: 15 March 2024| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/25rycjvmtd.1


The objective of this study was to investigate the response of the photosynthetic apparatus of the Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula J. Ellis) to UV-A radiation stress as well as the role of selected secondary metabolites in this process. We hypothesized that the short-term application of UV-A radiation would enhance the efficiency of the photosynthesis and synthesis of secondary metabolites, especially naphthoquinones, in Dionaea muscipula plants. Plants were subjected to 24h UV-A treatment. Subsequently, chl a fluorescence and gas exchange were measured in living plants. On the collected material, analyses of the photosynthetic pigments and photosynthetic apparatus proteins content, as well as the contents and activity of selected antioxidants, were performed. Measurements and analyses were carried out immediately after the stress treatment (UV plants) and another 24h after the termination of UV-A exposure (recovery plants). UV plants showed no changes in the structure and function of their photosynthetic apparatus and increased contents and activities of some an-tioxidants, which led to efficient CO2 carboxylation, while, in recovery plants, a disruption of electron flow was observed, resulting in lower photosynthesis efficiency. Our results revealed that D. muscipula plants underwent two phases of adjustment to UV-A radiation. The first was a reg-ulatory phase related to the exploitation of available mechanisms to prevent the over-reduction of PSII RC. In addition, UV plants increased the accumulation of plumbagin as a potential compo-nent of a protective mechanism against the disruption of redox homeostasis. The second was an acclimatization phase initiated after the running down of the regulatory process and decrease in photosynthesis efficiency. Keywords: abiotic stress; Dionaea muscipula J. Ellis; photosynthesis; short-wave radiation



Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kollataja w Krakowie


Photosynthesis, Abiotic Stress, Plant Physiology, Phenolic Compound


Narodowe Centrum Nauki