Data from : Plastic debris dataset on the Seine river banks: plastic pellets, unidentified plastic fragments and plastic sticks are the Top 3 items in a historical accumulation of plastics.
Inventory of plastic items collected in a quadrat of 1m2 in a historical polluted shore in the Seine river (downstream of the estuary; Lat. 49.4339; Long. 0.6160). Data are representative of the historical plastic pollution occurring in this river with few items dated from 1965, 1974, 1983, 1992 or 2010. Plastic items were classified according to OSPAR and MSFD classifications, which give insights about the origin of the items and their chemical composition. A total of 20 259 plastic debris were individually counted, classified and weighted by category. Those plastic debris are more than 150% heavier in mass (> 4kg) than organic debris, i.e. dead vegetation and gastropod shells, found in this kind of dry march surrounded by reedbeds. The Top 3 categories of items collected are plastic preproduction pellets, unidentified plastic fragments and plastic sticks (cotton bud and lollipop sticks). Plastic preproduction pellets are 15 times more numerous than gastropod shells. High concentration of pellets could be linked to the vicinity of plastic manufacturers near the sampled site. They represent 50% of the items collected during this campaign but only 5.6% of the mass. In contrast, around 30% of the mass is carried by the unidentified fragments of macroplastics >2.5cm, which only represent 7% of the total items. Hundreds of caps, lids, and rings were also found without their associated bottles, which are often prompt to sink. Furthermore, the dataset refers to specific activities in the estuary with for example 100 g/m2 of polyethylene from shotgun plastic wads related to intense hunting activities. Those items have to be mentioned because they are very common in the estuary and their origin is clearly identified, while alternatives such as biodegradable wads do exist. Reporting number of items, associated mass and volumes will improve conversions of unit for other studies related to river pollution when only one of the units are available. To facilitate conversions, mass per item were also reported for the Top 10 items. In addition, specific items such as plastic tag ties (e.g. textile), or plastic fibers from toilet brushes were unusually reported and should be considered as additional categories in OSPAR/MSFD classifications for rivers.
Steps to reproduce
Plastic litter were collected in the estuary of the Seine river close to Petiville, 80 km downstream of Rouen and 30 km upstream the river mouth. Here is the beginning of the muddy plug of the estuary under high tidal influence. The sampled site belongs to a 1 km shore covered by plastic litter and corresponds to a visual maximum of plastic accumulation on a gentle slope dipping to the river. The depositional environment is a dried marsh annually flooded by the river and entrapped by a road on north-side (ancient towpath) and reedbeds on south-side. In this environment, woody debris and gastropod shells are very common. However, plastic debris also accumulate. They are not easily removed by flood events because reedbeds act as a barrier living floating items go in but not out. Very large items are less frequent thanks to this natural barrier and because of punctual cleanings by NGO’s. Plastic litter and organics (wood and organisms, mostly dead gastropod shells) were exhaustively collected by hands in a quadrat of 1 m2 in a visual maximum of plastic accumulation until the soil was reached. Samples were stored in plastic bags of 50 L. They were dried at ambient air for days, then sorted and counted one by one in the lab, classified by size and category, and weighted. Plastic items were classified according to OSPAR and MSFD classifications usually applied to marine environment and to macroplastics > 2.5 cm. Here, when possible, those classifications were also applied to items 0.5 cm < mesoplastics < 2.5 cm. They were separately numbered in the table but weighted together with macro-items. Only industrial pellets were numbered as microplastics (< 0.5 cm). Size class were determined based on at least one dimension.