Soil properties after 36 years of N fertilization

Published: 7 February 2022| Version 2 | DOI: 10.17632/2j5hs3xs96.2
María Villamil


Modern agricultural systems rely on inorganic nitrogen (N) fertilization to enhance crop yields, but its overuse may negatively affect soil properties. Our objective was to investigate the effect of long-term N fertilization on key soil physical and chemical properties under continuous corn [Zea mays L.] (CCC) and both the corn (Cs) and soybean [Glycine max L. Merr.] (Sc) phases of a corn-soybean rotation. Research plots were established in 1981 with treatments arranged as a split-plot in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The main plot was crop rotation (CCC, Cs, and Sc), and the subplots were N fertilizer rates of 0 kg N ha-1 (N0, controls), and 202 kg N ha-1, and 269 kg N ha-1 (N202, and N269, respectively). The dataset accompanies publications listed in the references section.


Steps to reproduce

Soil sampling and determinations are detailed within the manuscript by Kim et al.


University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign


Soil Organic Matter, Nitrogen, Potassium, Phosphorus, Crop Rotation, Agricultural Soil, Water Stability of Soil Aggregates, Bulk Density of Soil, Long-Term Experiments, pH