Pan-cancer identified ARPC1B as a promising target for tumor immunotherapy and prognostic biomarker, particularly in READ
ARPC1B encodes the protein known as actin-related protein 2/3 complex subunit 1B (ARPC1B), which controls actin polymerization in the human body. Although ARPC1B has been linked to several human malignancies, its function in these cancers remains unclear. TCGA, GTEx, CCLE, Xena, CellMiner, TISIDB, and molecular signature databases were used to analyze ARPC1B expression in cancers. Visualization of data was primarily achieved using R language, version 4.0. Nineteen tumors exhibited high levels of ARPC1B expression, which were associated with different tumor stages and significantly affected the prognosis of various cancers. The level of ARPC1B expression substantially connected the narrative of ARPC1B expression with several TMB cancers and showed significant changes in MSI. Additionally, tolerance to numerous anticancer medications has been linked to high ARPC1B gene expression. Using Gene Set Variation Analysis / Gene Set Enrichment Analysis and concentrating on Rectum adenocarcinoma (READ), we thoroughly examined the molecular processes of the ARPC1B gene in pan-cancer. Using WGCNA, we examined the co-expression network of READ and ARPC1B. Meanwhile, ten specimens were selected for immunohistochemical examination, which showed high expression of ARPC1B in READ. Human pan-cancer samples show higher ARPC1B expression than healthy tissues. In many malignancies, particularly READ, ARPC1B overexpression is associated with immune cell infiltration and a poor prognosis. These results imply that the molecular biomarker ARPC1B may be used to assess the prognosis and immune infiltration of patients with READ.