Evaluating the Nigerian Government’s Financial Obligations to Climate Change Adaptation Strategies

Published: 22-03-2021| Version 2 | DOI: 10.17632/38vt2pttfx.2
Chukwuemeka Onyimadu


data on climate change adaptation budget for Nigeria from 2012 - 2020. also included are data on tagged adaptation expenditures


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The data employs a hybrid methodology, which applies OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) (OECD, 2011) Climate Budget Tagging (CBT) tool in a Budget Analysis Framework . We link climate – change adaptation strategies to Federal Government’s budgetary commitments to its climate change adaptation policy. The CBT allows for the compilation of comprehensive data on climate change spending, enabling policy makers to make informed decisions and prioritize climate investments The CBT is also provides some advantage in its provision for public scrutiny of government’s spending towards addressing climate change issues. Following the guidelines in OECD-DAC and EBRD for the effective use of the CBT tool the data was derived from, (a) Definition of climate change adaptation activities/markers; (b) Classification of climate change adaptation expenditures; (c) Weighing of relevance of adaptation interventions; and (d) Designing the tagging procedure. OECD – DAC (2011) provides clear definitions on the definitions and classifications (see Table 2) and the scoring/weighing and tagging procedures. An activity should be classified as adaptation related, if It intends to reduce the vulnerability of human or natural systems to the impacts of climate change and climate-related risks, by maintaining or increasing adaptive capacity and resilience. An activity is eligible for the climate change adaptation marker if; a) the climate change adaptation objective is explicitly indicated in the activity documentation; and b) the activity contains specific measures targeting the definition above. Carrying out a climate change adaptation analysis, either separately or as an integral part of agencies’ standard procedures, facilitates this approach. The adaptation markers and scoring format aims at monitoring financial flows to adaptation programs, whose objectives are specifically aimed at climate change adaptation. The weighing/scoring schema provides in figure 1, uses questions to track financing to policy objective. A principal objective is weighted higher than other objectives, when the funded adaptation activity would not have been funded, if not for its objective. Conversely, a significant objective is scored lower than a principal objective, when an adaptation activity has other objectives, but these objectives are formulated to help meet adaptation concerns. Financing figures arrived at by the marker/activity classification and the scoring system for both principal and significant objectives are regarded as estimates (an upper bound) of adaptation financing. To derive the scores for adaptation programs, we created a scoring procedure that acts as a guide when scrutinizing each Ministry, Agency, and Department (MDAs). The scoring procedure matches each MDAs budgetary allocations to targeted sectors that have identified by the National Adaptation Strategy and Plan of Action on Climate Change as beneficiaries of adaptation programmes.