Systemic Complications of Streptococci in Chronic Tonsillitis: Case Series

Published: 28 May 2024| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/3d2r8rgv3j.1
International Journal of Contemporary Research in Multidisciplinary IJCRM Research Journal


Streptolysin O is one of the toxins produced from Group A Beta Hemolytic Streptococcal (GABHS) infection. In the human body infected with GABHS will produce a natural antigen, namely anti-Streptolysin titer O (ASTO). [1] Throat culture is performed to determine the presence of group A Streptococci in the upper respiratory tract. Throat cultures have a sensitivity of about 90% - 95% in detecting the presence of GABHS. The purpose of writing this case report is to provide knowledge to peers about systemic complications resulting from Streptococcal infection in tonsillitis. It has been reported in all five cases mentioned above with an increase in ASTO titer >200 IU/ml. Of the five patients experienced complications due to Streptolysin toxin, endophtalmitis, rheumatoid arthritis and endocarditis. While from the examination of tonsil culture found Candida sp., Enterococcus faecalis, Enterobacter aerogenes.



Medical Science, Otorhinolaryngology, Case Report